Dr Chaman Lal’s articles on Paash

 

pwS dI kivqw iv`c Jlkdw Bwrq dw ibMb

 

smkwlI BwrqI XQwrQ eynW guMJldwr Aqy bhupswrI hY ik iksy kvI jW lyKk  leI AwpxI iksy ie`k rcnw iv`c iesdy swry p`KW nUM smoxw sMBv nhIN[ BwrqI smwjk ivvsQw dIAW guMJlW AMqrivroDW BrpUr hn[ BwrqI rwjnIqk AwgUAW ny ienHW AMqrivroDW nUM qwrikk FMg nwl nw sulJw ky ienHW iv`c aulJxW hor vDweIAW hn[ ieh aulJxW swry hI ^yqrW iv`c hn-AwrQk, rwjnIqk qy siBAwcwrk-swry ^yqr ienHW guMJldwr AMqrivroDW iv`c Psy hn[ A`TvyN dhwky bwd Bwrq dy v`K v`K ih`isAW iv`c jo ie`k pwsy jVH Dwrmk mUlvwdI, hmlwvr i&rkwpRsq pRivrqIAW pnpIAW hn qW dUsry pwsy Kpqvwd[ ipCly keI dhwikAW iv`c Bwrq iv`c jo rwjnIqk-AwrQk ivvsQw bxI hY, ieh pRivrqIAW ausy ivvsQw dI qwirikk aupj hn[ ijQy ies ivvsQw iv`c m`D-vrg dI vDdI hoeI igxqI Kpqvwd dw s`uK Bogx iv`c l`gI hY, auQy eysy m`D-vrg dw ie`k Cotw ih`sw ies ivvsQw qoN aupjI AmwnvI qy inrwrQk ihMsw qoN pIVq qy icMqq mihsUs krdw hY[ v`Ko v`K ivcwrW nwl juVy bu`DIjIvIAW qy lyKkW iv`c ies nvIN siQqI pRqI Brm Aqy AspStqw dI dSw hY, hwlW ik aunHW iv`coN kuJ lok eys siQqI nUM smJx  Aqy iesdw swhmxw krn dI koiSS vI kr rhy hn[ nOjvwn pMjwbI kvI pwS aunHW QoVy ijhy lyKkW iv`coN hn, ijnHW ny eys siQqI dw swhmxw kridAW Awpxw blIdwn id`qw[ ivfMbxw dI g`l ieh ik ijs smyN pwS dI klm ^wilsqwnI lihr dy AmwnvIpx i^lw& blSwlI isrjxwqmk rUp Dwrn kr rhI sI, ausy smyN aunHW dw kql kr id`qw igAw[

ie`k kvI Aqy jwgrUk SihrI dy rUp iv`c pwS pMjwb Aqy dyS dy hornW ih`isAW iv`c 1980 qoN bwd pnp rhIAW siQqIAW qoN kw&I icMqq sn[ A`TvyN dhwky qoN bwd auBr rhy smwjk XQwrQ nUM pwS ny AwpxIAW aunHW cwr kivqwvW iv`c aujwgr kIqw hY, jo aunHW AwpxI izMdgI dy AMqm dOr iv`c ilKIAW[ ieh kivqwvW Awpxy vkq dw icqr mwqr nhIN hn, sgoN ienHW iv`c eys XQwrQ pRqI kvI dI pRqIikRAw vI hY[ ienHW kivqwvW dy pRsMg iv`c hI Bwrq dy ibMb dI crcw kIqI jwvygI[

pwS dIAW ieh cwr kivqwvW hn-‘KUh’, ’byd^lI leI ibnY-p`qr’, ‘Drm dIkSw leI ibnY-p`qr’, Aqy ‘sB qoN ^qrnwk’[ ienHW cwr kivqwvW iv`coN do kivqwvW ivcwrDwrw dI p`Dr qy smkwlI hwlqW dI ivAwiKAw krn dIAW koiSSW krdIAW hn[ ie`k kivqw dw ivSyS smwjk pRsMg hY qy aus dy pRqI kvI dI iq`KI pRqIikRAw hY[ ie`k hor kivqw iv`c aunHW Dwrmk AwgUAW qy iq`Kw ivAMg hY, jo ienswnI  izMdgIAW nwl iKlvwV krdy hn[ BwvyN ieh swrIAW kivqwvW pMjwb iv`c rcIAW geIAW hn, pr ienHW dy pirpyK iv`c BwrqI smwj dy XQwrQ dI jitl sMpUrnqw iv`dmwn hY[

ie`k ivSyS ArQ iv`c ienHW cwr kivqwvW iv`coN ‘KUh’ dw ^ws mh`qv hY[ 1982 iv`c rcI ieh kivqw iv`c jVHqwvwdI Aqy Dwrmk mUlvwdI ivcwrDwrw dy swr-q`q nUM ryKWkq kIqw igAw hY[ieh kivqw iksy Drm ivSyS dy mUlvwd jW jVH icMqn nUM sMboDq nhIN hY, sgoN ieh ies qrW dy swry hI ivcwrW qy ie`k swDwrxIikRq it`pxI hY[ BwvyN ieh kivqw pMjwb iv`c Aijhy ivcwrW dy audY hox dy Asr iv`c isrjI geI pr eys kivqw dI it`pxI dunIAW iv`c ikDry vI pYdw hoey Aijhy jVH ivcwrW sMbMDI shI hY[

kivqw dy pihly hI pYry iv`c kvI ‘KUh’ dy rUpk rwhIN Aijhy ivcwrW nUM rUpmwn krdw hY[ kvI dI Dwrxw hY ik:

 

‘KUh bVy QoVy bcy ny hux

pr auh k`lmk`ly suMny ijhy ij`Qy vI hn

hnyry qoN sur`iKAq nhIN

jo ipAws dy p`j auqrdw hY aunHW ‘c

qy mOq Br dyNdY

sB qoN Boly Bwly pMCIAW dy AWifAW iv`c’[

 

kvI KUh dw sMklp fUMGy hnyry dy rUp iv`c icqvdw hY[ ieh hnyrw ivigAwn qy siBAwcwr dI ilAWdI rOSnI dw duSmx hY[ kvI ies kivqw iv`c KUh dy aupXogI ibMb iv`c vI XQwrQ qy ivcwrDwrW nUM imlwky pyS krdw hY[ kvI dw Awpxw ipCokV ikrswxI qy pyNfU jIvn nwl sMbMDq hY Aqy ipMfW iv`c itaUbvYlW dy Awaux qoN pihlW KUhW qoN &slW dI isMjweI dw kMm ilAw jWdw sI[ so KUhW dy ivvhwrk ibMb nUM isrjidAW pwS kihMdw hY:

 

aunHW dI ^ws loV nhIN Bwg BrI DrqI nUM

pr hnyry nUM aunHW dI loV hY,

 

KUhW nUM ieQy muV dUhry ArQW iv`c pyS kIqw igAw hY[ sqh auqy, KUh Dwrmk &wSIvwd qwkqW leI Awsrw lYx dI QW bx gey hn[ ivcwrDwrwqmk p`Dr qy kvI Anuswr KUh hnyry dy swQI hn[

KUhW dy ivcwrDwrwqmk ibMb dy nwl nwl, pwS ies kivqw iv`c smkwlI smwjk XQwrQ dw vI ibMbW iv`c AMkx krdy hn, ieh ibMb hn-‘nINd, jo in`q sMK dI gUMj qoN frdI hY’, ‘mOq vifAwauNdy Bjn’, ‘hlk igAw hnyrw’, jo ‘swlm mnu`K nUM inglx leI’ ‘icMGwVdw’ hY[ kvI Anuswr ‘KUh quhwnUM moieAW nwl joVdy hn’, KUh bZwvq krnw nW isKwky ‘z^mW nUM gwauxw isKwauNdy hn’[ kvI dw inSicq ivcwr hY ik KUh ‘vsqU jW mSIn nhIN’, auh ‘hux mukMml &ls&w ny’[ &ls&w inScy hI mSIn jW vsqU nwloN vDyry SkqISwlI huMdw hY[

kivqw dy dUsry ih`sy iv`c hnyry dy eys &ls&y dw ivvhwrk rUp audGwtq huMdw hY[ ieh &ls&w-swfy leI, Awm lokW leI kI lYky AwauNdw hY? AwpxI SkqISwlI ibMbwvlI rwhIN kvI-bsW, g`fIAW jW hvweI jhwzW iv`c mwry gey jW mwry jw rhy inrdoS lokW dI ismRqI nUM aujwgr krdw hY:

 

KUh quhwfy nwl s&r krdy hn bsW iv`c

aunHW ivclw hnyrw AwdmI dI BwSw Koh ky

isr& immAwauxw isKwauNdw hY

KUh quhwfIAW CwqIAW iv`c srsrwauNdy hn

jnwzy qoN prqdy jd quhwfy iv`c

bcy hoey hox dw Sukrwnw gwauNdw hY[

 

kivqw dy qIsry Aqy dUjy ih`sy nwl sMbMDq ih`sy iv`c kvI Awpxy pwTkW nUM eys hnyry dI ^qrnwk qwkq qoN Awgwh krnw cwhuMdw hY[ kvI AYlwn krdw hY ik:

 

bcwA dI Aw^rI jMg lVidAW hnyrw

byh`d ^UMKwr ho c`ikAw hY hux

      .      .      .

hr SYA ivMNnHdy hoey

quhwfI jgdI hoeI dunIAW dy Awrpwr inklxw cwhuMdw hY[

qy kvI nUM l`gdw hY ik-eys qrl hnyry dy i^lw&

hux qusIN pihlW vWg nhIN lV skdy

koeI shUlqI qy Axsrdy dI TMfI jMg[

 

‘KUh’ ie`k ivcwrDwrwqmk kivqw hY Aqy ieh mUlvwdI qy jVqw dIAW qwkqW i^lw& mukwbly dw &ls&w smytI hY[ smkwlI BwrqI XQwrQ iv`c ieh &ls&w iks h`d q`k aupXogI ho skdw hY[ ieh g`l ivcwrnXog ho skdI hY, pr ijs qrHW nwl hwl dy virHAW iv`c ieh qwkqW vDIAW hn, aunHW qy ivcwr krnw hor vI zrUrI hY ies g`l qoN vI ik ijs &ls&y nwl ienHW qwkqW dw ivroD kIqw jw irhw hY, auh iks h`d q`k aupXogI  hY[

‘Drm dIkSw leI ibnY-p`qr’ kivqw iv`c Dwrmk mUlvwd qy jVqw dy &ls&y dy ivvhwrk p`K nUM v`KrI qrW dy kwivk AMdwz iv`c audGwtq kIqw igAw hY[eys kivqw iv`c kvI ny ivAMg dI Dwr nwl eys vqIry nUM auGwiVAw hY Aqy ienHW qwkqW h`QoN pIVq lokW pRqI kruxw Aqy hmdrdI dI Bwvnw pYdw kIqI hY[ eys kivqw iv`c pwS ny Drm gurU swhmxy kurlw rhI iesqrI dw ibMb pyS kIqw hY[ hwlWik ieh pUrI kivqw hI ivAMg rUp iv`c hY, pr Awpxy b`cy dI jwn leI kurlw rhI AOrq dw ibMb A`j qoN kuJ smW pihlW dy pMjwb dy XQwrQ dw Awm rUp sI, ijQy Dwrmk &wSIvwdI qwkqW plk JpkidAW AnykW AOrqW nUM Awpxy pu`qrw, BrwvW, mrdW qy ipqwvW leI krux ivrlwp iv`c fubo idMdIAW sn[ pMjwb A`j ies siQqI iv`c hY ik hzwrW AnwQ qy byshwrw ho geIAW ivDvwvW, DIAW qy mwvW byh`d qrsXog hwlq ijauN rhIAW hn[ Awpxy XQwrQ icqrx iv`c ies kivqw ivc pMjwbI AOrqW dw qrsXog rUp auGwiVAw igAw hY qy Awpxy ivAMgwqmk rUp iv`c smkwlI rwjnIqk-Dwrmk DrmgurUAW dy ivhwr iv`c  lukI krUrqw nUM auGwiVAw hY[

kivqw dy pihly hI pYry iv`c DrmgurU dw cir`qR auGV AwauNdw hY:

 

qyry ies qrHW grjx qoN bwd

mrd qW dUr dUr q`k ikqy nhIN bcy

hux isr& qIvIAW hn jW SwkwhwrI cOpwey

jo aunHW leI isr& AMn kmwauNdy hn[

 

ieh DrmgurU ikMny SkqISwlI hn:

 

qyrI ie`k mwVI ijhI iqauVI vI

cMgy Bly prvwrW nUM ie`jV bxw idMdI

 

Aqy ienHW AnwQ ho geIAW ivDvw iesqrIAW dI dSw ikMnI qrsXog hY:

 

mYN qyry d`sy hoey ieSt hI pUjWgI

mYN qyry pws kIqy Bjn hI gwvWgI

mYN hor swry DrmW nUM ingUxy ikhw krUM

myrI pr ie`ko hI zubwn bcI hY DrmgurU

myry b`cy dI-qy mrd ivcwrw isr qy nhIN irhw

 

Awm qOr qy swry dySW dy ieiqhws qoN Aijhy audwhrx imldy hn ik ikvyN koeI AwsQw ivSyS, jo keI vwrI ie`ko hI Drm dy ^ws qbky nwl sMbMDq huMdI hY, dI ij`q dw mwrc, dUsrIAW AwsQwvW dy hzwrW inrdoS ienswnW nUM kucl idMdw hy Aqy hor l`KW nUM jyqU AwsQw dw Zulwm bnx nUM mjbUr krdw hY[ ies kivqw iv`c ivrlwp krdI AOrq dy SkqISwlI ibMb rwhIN ZulwmI dI isiQqI nUM auGwiVAw igAw hY[

Zulwm kIqy ivAkqI nUM eynW v`D ilqwiVAw Aqy JukwieAw jWdw hY ik ausdI mwnvI pCwx hI Koh leI jWdI hY[ Zulwm ienswn dI AwpxI koeI AwsQw jW s`c nhIN rihx id`qy jWdy:

 

qyrI gjweI hoeI Drm dI jYkwr nwl

myry ‘coN AYn auf geI hY ku&r dI DuMd

myrw mrjwxI dw koeI Awpxw s`c hux nw idsU

mYN qyrw s`c hI ieklOqw s`c jcwieAw krUM..

 

DrmgurU qy aus dy muriZAW swhmxy iesqrI dw iesqrIqv vI ikqy nhIN Tihrdw:

 

mYN qIvINmwnI qyry jWbwz iSSW mUhry hW vI kI

iksy vI aumry qyry qyj qoN iP`kI rhI hW

mYN sI hI nhIN, b`s qUM hI qUM hYN Drmguru?

 

qwkq hI ie`ko ie`k mu`l hY[ qwkqvr dI ihMsw Aqy bwrUd dI gMD vI suMdr Aqy auicq hY[

pr jy Dwrmk mUlvwd Aqy jVqw dIAW qwkqW byh`d AmwnvI hn, ijvyN ik auprlI kivqw qoN auGVdw hY, kI BwrqI rwj dIAW qwkqW ies qoN cMgIAW hn? ies kivqw dI pUrk kivqw-‘byd^lI leI ibnY-p`qr’ iv`c pwS BwrqI rwj dI s`qw nUM sMboDq huMdw hY[

ieh kivqw kuJ v`KrI iksm dI hY Aqy ies iv`c swl 1984 dy hkIkI isAwsI ikrdwrW nUM kwiv-rUp iv`c auqwirAw igAw hY[ ijs qrHW pwS AwpxIAW hor kivqwvW iv`c ivAMjnw dw pRXog krdy rhy hn, ies kivqw dy FWcy iv`c auh ivAMjnw dI bhuq icMqw nhIN krdy[ ies kivqw iv`c pwS 1984 dy dMigAW dw iSkwr inrdoS qy pIVq lokW qy dmn krn vwilAW dy i^lw& hmlwvr ru`K ApxwauNdy hn[ pwS, ijs isAwsI S^sIAq nUM imhnqkS BwrqI jnqw dw duSmx smJdw hY, aus dy kql qy koeI A&sos nhIN jqwauNdw, pr kvI nUM ies S^sIAq dy kwqlW nwl vI koeI hmdrdI nhIN hY, ikauNik ieh kwql auhI hn, ijnHW nUM kvI ny ‘DrmdIKSw leI ibnY-p`qr’ kivqw iv`c bVI inrdYqw nwl auGwiVAw hY[ kvI ies kivqw iv`c roh iv`c hY qy ‘aus Bwrq dI nwgirkqw’ C`f dyxI cwhuMdw hY, ijs nUM iksy ie`k isAwsI prvwr dI j`dI jwiedwd dy rUp iv`c pyS kIqw jw irhw hY[

kvI dI klpnw ie`QoN dy imhnqkS lokW nwl sMbMDq dySW nwl juVI qy pYdw hoeI hY[

‘byd^lI leI ibnY-p`qr’ iv`c ie`k inrdoS jn-smUh dIAW z^mI BwvnwvW Aqy cot-KwDI mnosiQqI nUM ryKWkq kIqw igAw hY[ ie`k ivSyS ArQ iv`c ieh dovyN kivqwvW-‘Drm dIKSw leI ibnY-p`qr’ Aqy ‘byd^lI leI ibnY-p`qr’ iek dUsry dIAW pUrk kivqwvW hn, ikauNik dohW kivqwvW iv`c XQwrQ dy zwhrw qOr qy v`K idKweI idNdy, pr q`q rUp iv`c ie`k hI p`K nUM auGwiVAw igAw hY, ijQy iksy vI AwsQw jW ivSvws nUM mMnx vwly swDwrn inrdoS lokW nUM v`K v`K rMgW dy hiQAwrbMd grohW v`loN Ak`Q qklI&W Bogx leI mjbUr kIqw jWdw hY[

‘sB qoN ^qrnwk’ kivqw iv`c dwrSnk pRivrqIAW iPr dyKIAW jw skdIAW hn[ ies kivqw iv`c pwS ny ienswn dI izMdgI dI sB qoN ^qrnwk siQqI qy kwivk it`pxI kIqI hY[ kvI Anuswr ‘ikrq dI lu`t, puils dI kut, m`kwrI-loB dI m`uT’ Awid sB qoN ^qrnwk nhIN huMdy, sB qoN ^qrnwk ‘murdw SwqI’ huMdI hY, sB qoN ‘Kqrnwk ‘swfy supinAW dw mr jwxw’ huMdw hY[ Anyk pUrkW qy ibMbW rwhIN pwS ies kivqw iv`c izMdgI dI sB qoN ^qrnwk siQqI nUM auGwVdw hY[ ‘KUh’ vWg ies kivqw iv`c vI kvI pUrI mnu`Kqw leI Gwqk ienHW pRivrqIAW dw mukwblw krn qy zor idMdw hY[

kvI dI klpxw iv`c:-

 

‘sB qoN ^qrnwk’ auh A`K huMdI hY

jo sB dyKdI hoeI vI TMfI X`K huMdI hY[

 

kvI aus cMd nUM vI n&rq krdw hY[

 

jo hr kql kWf dy bwAd[

suMn hoey ivhiVAW iv`c cVHdw hY

pr quhwfIAW A`KW nUM imrcW vWg nhIN lVdw hY[

 

kivqw dy AMqly ih`sy iv`c kvI icMqn dI auc BUmI qy siQq ho ky AwdmI dI Awqmw iv`c Jwkdw hY Aqy mihsUs krdw hY ik:

 

sB qoN ^qrnwk auh idSw huMdI hY

ijhdy iv`c Awqmw dw sUrj fu`b jwvy

qy ausdI mrI hoeI Du`p dI koeI iClqr

quhwfy ijsm dy pUrb iv`c KuB jwvy[

 

ku`l imlw ky pwS ny ienHW cwr kivqwvW iv`c BwrqI smwj iv`c PYLIAW mwnv-ivroDI pRivrqIAW nUM smJx dI koiSS kIqI hY Aqy nwl hI ienHW pRivqIAW dy ivroD Aqy mukwbly leI v`KrI ivcwrDwrw pyS krn dI vI koiSS kIqI hY[ hr qrHW dy AiqAwcwr Aqy ZYr mnu`KIpx dw srgrm mukwblw krn dw s`dw vI kvI ny Awpxy pwTkW nUM ienHW kivqwvW rwhIN id`qw hY[ ies ArQ iv`c pwS ivSv dy aunHW kvI lyKkW dI prMprw iv`c AwauNdy hn, ijnHW AwpxI klm dw aupXog mukwbly dI jwgrUkqw jgwaux leI kIqw hY[ ienHW iv`c keI lyKk ijvyN kwfvYl qy keI horW ny qW 1937 iv`c spyn dI &wSIvwd ivroDI jMg iv`c bMdUk cu`k ky ih`sw ilAw Aqy ShId hoey[ pwS ny bMdUk qW nw cu`kI, pr auh pwblo nyrUdw, nwizm ihkmq, mihmUd drvyS Aqy &Yz Awid kvIAW dI kqwr iv`c Swiml hn, ijnHW dy jIvn qy swihq dw audyS hr qrHW dy SoSx qy dmn qoN mukq Aijhy mwnvI smwj dI sQwpnw irhw hY, ij`Qy swry ienswn ienswnI-Swn nwl rihx[

pwS dI S^sIAq qy kwiv-cir`qR kuJ ies pRkwr dw sI ik jo kuJ vI aus dI mwnvI-sMvydnw dy i^lw& sI, ausdw auh mukwblw krdw sI[ pwS Aijhw kvI sI, jo hr qrHW dy SoSx qy dmn qoN mwnvqw dI mukqI dI kwmnw krdw sI Aqy Aijhy mwnvI smwj dy inrmwx dI klpnw krdw sI, ij`Qy swry ienswn ie`k dUsry pRqI siqkwr r`KidAW Swn nwl rihx[ pMjwb Aqy hor jgHw qy pYdw hoeI Dwrmk &wSIvwdI qy jVqw dIAW pRivrqIAW ny aus dI fUMGI mwnvI sMvydnw nUM s`t mwrI[ aus dy iGRxq kql qoN pihlW ausnUM DmkIAW imldIAW rhIAW, pr pwS ny AwpxI izMdgI jW isrjxw iv`c smJOqw krky ijauxw nhIN is`iKAw sI[ ijs qrHW auh ijauNieAW qy ijvyN aus ny iliKAw, auh auvyN hI ijauN qy ilK skdw sI, iksy hor qrIky nwl nhIN[ aus dy ie`k smkwlI lyKk ny ausdy kql qy it`pxI kIqI ik jy pwS ies FMg nwl nw ilKdw qW auh A`j ijauNdw huMdw[ Swied hW, Swied nhIN[ Awpxy ijsm nUM bcwaux leI  ijhVy lok AwpxI AMqrAwqmw nUM mwrdy jW aus nwl smJOqw krdy hn aunW iv`coN ikMny ku lokI hkIkI rUp iv`c ijauNdy hn? Awpxy ijsm nUM bcwaux leI, ijhVy lok AwpxI Awqmw vyc idMdy hn, auh qw roz mrdy hn qy Axigxq vwr mrdy hn[

pwS dy kql qoN krIb Cy vrHy bwd A`j BwrqI XQwrQ kI hY? kI ieh kuJ ibhqr hoieAw jW bdqr? kI pwS dIAW kivqwvW ny Awpxy pwTkW qy kuJ sQweI pRBwv pwieAw hY? ieh qW inSicq rUp iv`c ikhw jw skdw hY ik Dwrmk mUlvwd qy jVqw i^lw& pwS dIAW kivqwvW ny Awpxy pwTkW iv`c jwgrUkqw vDweI hY, pr dunIAW iv`c ikqy vI swihq, smwjk krm dw bdl nhIN hY Aqy A^Ir nUM smwjk srgrmI nwl hI iksy smwj dw XQwrQ bdl skdw hY[ kvI qW smwj dw pihrydwr hY Aqy ie`k s`cy Aqy jwgrUk pihrydwr vWg pwS ny AwpxI izMdgI qy AMqly swhW q`k smwj swhmxy AwpxI kivqw dy rUp iv`c ^qry dIAW GMtIAW vjweIAW[ kvI ie`k ArQ iv`c pihrydwr qoN kuJ v~D vI hY, ikauNik aus dy mrn bwd vI ausdI kivqw pihrydwrI dI izMmyvwrI inBwauNdI hY Aqy cukMny rihx dIAW GMtIAW vjwauNdI rihMdI hY[ pwS dI kivqw A`j vI AwpxI ieh izMmyvwrI b^UbI inBw rhI hY[

 

fw:cmn lwl                                                     (pRsMgvs 1996 iv`coN)

 

 

 

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Bgq isMG qy pwS nUM Xwd kridAW

 

Bgq isMG Aqy pwS-pMjwb dy ienHW pu`qrW ny AwpxI jnm-BoN nUM mwx b^iSAw[ Bgq isMG juJwrU kOmIAq Aqy smwjvwd dw icMnH bixAw Aqy qIhivAW iv`c ausdI CW gWDIvwdI kYNp ‘qy sogI swieAw bx ky PYl rhI sI[ 23 mwrc 1931 nUM aus dI Shwdq ny swry dyS iv`c zordwr kOmI jzbw auBwirAw[ auh ibhwr qoN qwimL nwfU q`k, bMbeI qoN bMgwl q`k lok-gIqW dw nwiek bixAw[ aunHW idnW iv`c Bgq isMG nUM kOmI hIro icqvdIAW, ikMnIAW hI BwSwvW dIAW rcnwvW nUM zbq kIqw igAw[

pMjwbIAW leI Bgq isMG dw bVw ivSyS sQwn bixAw[ Aqy gurU swihbwn qoN bwd auh pMjwbI mwx qy pCwx dw pRqIk bixAw[ mwvW Awpxy pu`qrW dy Bgq isMG bnx dIAW lwlswvW r`Kx l`gIAW[ s`qvyN dhwky dy SurU iv`c, jd pMjwbI swihq juJwrU rsqy v`l vD irhw sI qW Awpxy muFly vIhivAW iv`c pMjwbI dw sB qoN v`D pRiqBwSwlI kvI Bgq isMG qoN hI sB qoN v`D pRBwvq hoieAw Aqy AjIb sMjog nwl aus ny pMjwbI pCwx dy lkS leI ausy idn Shwdq hwsl kIqI, ijs idn Bgq isMG ny BwrqI ieiqhws iv`c mwxXog QW hwsl kIqI sI[ 23 mwrc 1931 qoN 57 vrHy bwd 23 mwrc 1988 nUM pwS vI Bgq isMG dy nwl pMjwbI mwx dw sih-pRqIk bx igAw[ pwS dI Shwdq leI Swied iesqoN ibhqr idn koeI hor nhIN sI jo skdw qy lkS vI auho, ijs leI Bgq isMG ny PWsI dw r`sw cuMimAw[

Bgq isMG ny ieiqhws iv`c ie`k isAwsI AwgU dy rUp iv`c nwmxw ^`itAw[ auh ie`k ienklwbI AwgU sI [ isr& pMj ku virHAW dy Coty Arsy iv`c qy auh vI 18 qoN 23 ku virHAW dI koml aumry[ Bgq isMG ny BwrqI rwjnIqI Aqy brqwnvI bsqIvwd i^lw& iesdy smJOqw-rihq sMGrS dw p`Dr nvIAW aucweIAW q`k pucw id`qw[ 1857 qoN hI brqwnIAW i^lw& BwrqI bZwvq dI pRMprw rhI hY, pr ieh Bgq isMG qy ausdy swQI hI sn ijnHW iesnUM shI ArQW iv`c ienklwbI rUp id`qw[ pihlI vwr BwrqI ienklwbI lihr ny spSt pirpyK hwsl kIqw[ ieh lihr brqwnvI bsqIvwdIAW nUM Bwrq qoN bwhr k`Fx leI hI nhIN , sgoN BwrqI smwj nUM pUrI qrHW bdl ky smwjvwdI smwj dw nvW rUp dyx leI sMGrS kr rhI sI[ aunHW dw sMgTn-ihMdusqwn pRjwqMqirk smwjvwdI sMG Aqy iesdw sYink AMg ihMdusqwn smwjvwdI irpbilkn &Oj-dw BwrqI smwj nUM smwjvwdI sWcy iv`c Fwlx dw spSt pRogRwm sI[ Aqy ienklwbI lihr dy ies nvyN pRogrwm nUM GVn iv`c Bgq isMG dI isDWqkwr vjoN AwgU BUimkw sI[ bVy swlW q`k Bgq isMG nUM isr& ie`k bhwdr, juJwrU kOmI hIro jo kOmI AwzwdI leI PWsI cVH igAw, vjoN auBwirAw igAw hY[ ieh bhuq hI AMSk ivcwr hY Aqy kuJ h`d q`k Bgq isMG dI S^sIAq qy BUimkw nUM Gtw ky pyS krn dI socI smJI koiSS vI[ auh ies qoN ikqy vD ky sI[ BwrqI smwj Aqy ies dI punr rcnw leI ausdy ivcwr AYm. ky. gWDI jW nihrU nwloN vI vDyry spSt sn[ Asl iv`c, Bgq isMG vrgy ienklwbIAW nUM kWgrs lihr Aqy gWDI dy ivcwrW dI bVI spSt smJ sI[ Bgq isMG Aqy hor ienklwbI BwrqI AwzwdI leI kWgrs lihr dI sihXogI Buimkw nhIN inBw rhy sn, ijvyN ik Awm ieiqhwsk pusqkW d`sdIAW hn[ Bgq isMG Aqy aus dy swQI brqwnIAw i^lw& ie`k s`cI bsqIvwd ivroDI lihr auswr rhy sn Aqy kWgrs lihr nUM suDwrvwdI qy imlIBugq vwlI lihr rUp iv`c auGwV rhy sn[ Bgq isMG brqwnvI bsqIvwd Aqy gWDI dI AgvweI vwlI kWgrs lihr, dovW leI Asl ^qrw sI[ iesy leI, aus vyly dy AMgryz vwiesrwey lwrf ierivn Aqy gWDI ny Bgq isMG qoN ip`Cw CuVwaux iv`c imlI Bugq kIqI, jo hux iei`qhws iv`c drj hY[

pr Bgq isMG qW mwirAw jw skdw sI, aus rwhIN PYlwey ivcwr qy cyqnw nhIN[ Bgq isMG ny jd &WsI dw r`sw cuMimAw, auh ies s`cweI bwry pUrI qrHW spSt sI, iesy leI aus ny AwpxI szw G`t krvwaux leI hr koiSS nw-mnzUr kIqI[ ausny AwpxIAW ilKqW Aqy sunyihAW iv`c spSt d`isAw ik aus dI Aqy rwjgurU-suKdyv dI Shwdq dw BwrqI smwj qy zbrdsq pRBwv pvygw Aqy aus pRBwv dI Jrnwht A`j s`T virHAW bwd vI mihsUs kIqI jw skdI hY[

mu`Fly s`qrivAW iv`c BwrqI smwj iv`c do g`lW nwlo nwl vwprIAW[ AnykW BwrqI BwSwvW rwhIN Bgq isMG dy ivcwr, aus dIAW ilKqW v`fI igxqI iv`c BwrqI lokW q`k phuMcIAW Aqy ieh sQwpq ho igAw ik Bgq isMG ie`k Swndwr bu`DIjIvI vI sI[ auh Bwrq iv`c smwjvwdI icMqn dw pRqIk bx igAw[ ausy smyN hI ie`k zbrdsq juJwrU ikswn lihr vI auTI, jo nkslbwVI lihr nW nwl jwxI geI[ Bgq isMG dy ivcwrW nUM ies lihr dy ku`J ih`isAW ny shI rUp iv`c gRihx kIqw[ pwS ies lihr dI aupj sI[ pwS mUlrUp iv`c kvI sI, BwvyN ik aus dI S^sIAq dy hor p`K vI sn[ Aqy do dhwikAW iv`c auh ies lihr dw siBAwcwrk pRqIk bx igAw[

ku`l imlw ky Bgq isMG Aqy pwS ie`ko lihr dy isAwsI Aqy siBAwcwrk pRqIk bxy, BwvyN dohW ivckwr cwr dhwikAW dw &rk hY[ isDWqk p`Dr qy, dovyN ie`ko Dwrw dy AMg hn- auh dovyN mwnv-mukqI dI juJwrU lihr dy AMg hn, hr qrHW dy-AwrQk, smwjk, isAwsI qy siBAwcwrk SoSx qoN mwnvqw dI mukqI, pMjwb dy ienHW dovW mwxm`qy pu`qrW dw mncwihAw supnw sI[ dovW ny Aijhy smwj dI rcnw dw supnw ilAw, ij`Qy mrd qy AOrqW dovyN Swn nwl ijaux, ij`Qy Drm, jwqI, ilMg dy AwDwr qyy jW AwrQk qy smwjk drjy dy AwDwr qy koeI Byd Bwv nw hovy[ swry mrd qy AOrqW AwpxI pRiqBw qy imhnq nwl AwpxI sMpUrxqw hwsl kr skx, ij`Qy koeI dUijAW dI imhnq ‘qy AYS nw kry[ pwS ny AwpxIAW kivqwvW qy hor ilKqW iv`c ieh supnw isrijAw[

mMdy BwgIN, 1980 qoN bwd, BwrqI smwj ipCWh v`l D`ikAw jw irhw hY[ BwrqI smwj AMdrlI pRgqISIl qy audwric`q Dwrw kmzor pY rhI hY, Aqy pRqIikRAwvwdI qy &wiSSt Dwrw cVHdIAW klW iv`c hY, BwvyN i&rkwpRsqI jW mUlvwd dy rUp iv`c qy BwvyN lokW qy aunHW dIAW lihrW au`pr hkUmqI jbr dy rUp iv`c[ ies pRsMg iv`c Bgq isMG qy pwS nUM vwicAw qy smiJAw jwxw zrUrI hY qw ik pRqIikRAw dI ies hnHyrI surMg iv`coN inklx dw rsqw l`iBAw jw sky[ aunHW dy ivcwr cmkdy isqwirAW vWg hn, jo hr hnHyry iv`c cmk skdy hn qy BtkY musw&r AwpxI mMzl v`l guAwicAw rsqw l`Bx dI koiSS kr skdy hn[ so Bgq isMG qy pwS dy ivcwrW dw AiDAYn ie`Qy vDdI i&rkwpRsqI Aqy mUlvwd, nwl hI hkUmq dI BUimkw sMbMDI aunHW dy ivcwrW dy pRsMg iv`c kIqw jw irhw hY[

Bgq isMG dIAW hux q`k krIb ie`k sO ilKqW pRkwS iv“c AweIAW hn, ienHW iv`c ^q, lyK, irivaU, Anuvwd, AdwlqI ibAwn, pYN&lyt, fwierI Aqy rwjnIqk pRogrwm dw KrVw Awid Swml hn[ ieh ilKqW pMjwbI, ihMdI, aurdU qy AMgRyzI iv`c hn[ sihjy hI nOjvwn Bgq isMG dI bhu-ivsQwrI pRiqBw dw Anumwn lwieAw jw skdw hY[ ies pRsMg iv`c aus dI qulnw isr& rUs dy mu`FlI aunIvIN sdI dy pdwrQvwdI icMqk dobrUilaUYQov nwl hI kiqI jw skdI hY, jo lgBg Bgq isMG vrgI Br jvwnI iv`c hI cl v`isAw sI[

Dwrmk mUlvwd Aqy i&rkwpRsqI sMbMDI Bgq isMG dy do lyK jwxy-pCwxy qy Anyk BwSwvW iv`c bhu–pRcwry hn[ ieh hn, ‘mzhb Aqy swfI AwzwdI dI jMg’ Aqy ‘Drmvwr (i&rkU) &swd qy aunHW dw ielwj’[ sm`isAw nUM is`iDAW sMboDq ienHW do lyKW qoN ielwvw Bgq isMG Aqy BgvqIcrx vohrw ny 1928 iv`c Cpy ‘nOjvwn Bwrq sBw’ dy mnorQ p`qr iv`c vI ies sm`isAw qy ivcwr kIqw hY, ‘ACUq dw svwl’, Bgq isMG dw ie`k hor lyK hY, jo BwrqI smwj dy ie`k hor bldy msly Aqy sMbMDq sm`isAw bwry hY[ lwlw lwjpq rwey nUM 1928 iv`c sMboDq ie`k Kq iv`c vI Bgq isMG dy keI swQIAW dy ds^q hn, ijs iv`c ihMdU-musilm qnwA dI crcw kIqI geI hY[ inrsMdyh, ies sMbMD iv`c sB qoN mh`qvpUrx dsqwvyz ‘mYN nwsqk ikauN hW’ lyK hI hY[

‘Drmvwr &swd qy aunHW dw ielwj’, pMjwbI iv`c ‘ikrqI’ mYgzIn iv`c jUn 1927 dy AMk iv`c CipAw[ ieh lyK 1924 dy kohwt dy vihSI ihMdU-musilm dMigAW dy sMbMD iv`c iliKAw igAw[ dMigAW mgroN dyS iv`c dMigAW dy ielwj sMbMDI bihs c`lI[ kWgrs AwgUAW ny stYNfrf suDwrvwdI qrIky Apxwky qy ihMdU-musilm AwgUAW qoN iksy smJOqy qy ds^q krvw ley[ ienklwbI lihr ny ienHW dMigAW dI jVH nUM pCwixAw[ ieh lyK bVI iq`KI sur iv`c SurU huMdw hY-‘BwrqvrS dI ies vyly bVI qrsXog hwlq hY[ ie`k Drm dy ipCl`g dUjy Drm dy jwnI duSmx hn[ hux qW ie`k Drm dy hoxw hI dUjy Drm dy k`tV vYrI hoxw hY[ jy ies g`l dw Ajy vI XkIn nw hovy qW lwhOr dy qwzy &swd dyK lau[ ik`dW muslmwnW ny bygunwh is`KW, ihMdUAW dy AwhU lwhy hn, qy ik`dW is`KW ny vI lgdI vwh koeI ksr nhIN C`fI hY[ ieh AwhU ies leI nhIN lwhy gey hn ik &lwxw purS doSI hY-sgoN ies leI ik &lwxw purS ihMdU hY, jW is`K hY jW muslmwn hY[ bs, iksy purS dw is`K jW ihMdU hoxw muslmwnW dy kql krn leI kw&I kwrn sI[ Aqy iesy qrHW hI iksy purS dw muslmwn hoxw hI, aus dI jwn lYx leI kw&I dlIl sI[ jd ieho jyhI hwlq hovy qW ihMdusqwn dw A`lw hI bylI hY’[

A`gy iliKAw hY-“ies hwlq iv`c ihMdusqwn dw Biv`K bVw kwlw nzr AwauNdw hY[ ienHW ‘DrmW’ ny BwrqvrS dw byVw Zrk kr C`ifAw hY[ Aqy Ajy pqw nhIN hY ik ieh Dwrmk &swd BwrqvrS dw kdoN KihVw C`fxgy……”

jy pwTkW nUM ies lyK dI ip`TBUmI nw d`sI jwvy qW ieh lyK dyS iv`c mOjUdw siQqI qy ilIKAw smiJAw jw skdw hY Aqy ieh mulk dI hwlq qy ie`k A&sosnwk  it`pxI hY ik ieh ieiqhws nUM duKWq rUp iv`c dohrw irhw hY[

swfI smwjI qy isAwsI AgvweI ikho ijhy Zlq h`QW iv`c hY ik ieh ipCly sO swlW qoN vwpr rhy Aijhy dMigAW qy kwbU pwaux ivc nwkwm hY[ ieh q`Q bVw mh`qvpUrx hY ik Bwrq iv`c AMgRyzW dy kbzy qoN pihlW iksy i&rkU &swd dw izkr Swied hI ikqy imldw hovy, hwlW ik isAwsI qwkq hwsl krn leI ihMdU-is`K qy musilm rwijAW ivckwr lVweIAW huMdIAW rihMdIAW sn[ Aqy jy brqwnvI bsqIvwd ny AwpxI ‘pwVo qy rwj kro’ nIqI qihq dyS iv`c i&rkU qy jwqIgq dMigAW leI swzgwr hwlqW pYdw krx iv`c s&lqw hwsl kIqI  Aqy mgroN Awpxy Awp nUM ‘mulk dw rwKw’ bxwky pyS kIqw qW kOmI lihr nUM vI ienHW sm`isAwvW nUM pUrI gMBIrqw nwl nij`Tx dI koiSS krnI cwhIdI sI[ mMdyBwgIN, ienklwbI lihr nUM C`f ky, jo hmySw hI kmzor rhI, kWgrs pwrtI Awid dI kOmI lIfriSp ny ienHW sm`isAwvW nUM is`Dw h`Q nhIN pwieAw[ isr& nihrU kol ku`J pirpyK sI, pr auh kdI vI gWDI aupr BwrU nhIN ho sikAw Aqy gWDI dI ienHW sm`isAwvW pRqI smJ pUrI qrHW suDwrvwdI sI[

ienHW dMigAW ip`Cy kwrn kI huMdy hn? iesy lyK iv`c Bgq isMG ny ieh kih ky i&rkU sm`isAw dI jVH PVn dI koiSS kIqI hY ik ienHW sm`isAwvW dy mUl kwrx AwrQk hn[ auh mihsUs krdw hY ik dyS dI AwrQk ^uShwlI nwl hI dMigAW dw h`l ho skdw hY[ ‘Awm lokW dI AwrQk hwlq eynI BYVI hY ik ie`k purS nUM cwr Awny dy ky dUjy nUM byiezq krvw skdw hY[ Bu`K dy du`K qoN Awqr ho ky mnu`K sB AsUl iC`ky qy tMg idMdw hY’[

Bgq isMG ies g`l bwry pUrI qrHW spSt hn ik mOjUdw hwlq iv`c AwrQk-qr`kI lgBg AsMBv hY, ikauNik srkwr bdySI hY[ (A`j dI ‘dysI vI bhuqI v`KrI nhIN!) Aqy lokW nUM Awps iv`c lVn qoN rokx dw sB qoN A`Cw qrIkw vrg-cyqnw dw ivkws hY[ Bgq isMG dy Awpxy SbdW iv`c-‘lokW nUM Awps iv`c lVn qoN rokx leI SryxI-jwgrq dI loV hY[ ZrIbW, ikrqIAW qy ikrswxW nUM sw& smJw dyxw cwhIdw hY ik quhwfy AslI duSmx srmweydwr hn, ies leI quhwnUM ienHW dy h`QkMifAW qoN bcky rihxw cwhidw hY[ sMswr dy swry ZrIbW dy, BwvyN auh iksy zwq, nsl, mzhb, kOm dy hox, h`k ie`ko hI hn, quhwfw Blw ies iv`c hY ik qusIN Drm, rMg, nsl Aqy kOm qy mulk dy iBMn Byd imtw ky iek`Ty ho jwau Aqy gvrnmYNt dI qwkq nUM Awpxy h`Q iv`c lYx dy Xqn kry[ iehnW XqnW nwl quhwfw koeI hrj nhIN hovygw[ iksy idn nUM quhwfy sMgl zrUr k`ty jwxgy qy quhwnUM AwrQk suqMqrqw iml jwvygI’[

ieh g`l A`j vI EnIN hI s`c hY[ Bgq isMG AwpxI dlIl dy h`k iv`c rUs dI audwhrx idMdw hY qy zwrSwhI qy bwliSvk ienklwb bwd dIAW siQqIAW dw &rk d`sdw hY[ auh klk`qy dI skwrwqmk audwhrx vI idMdw hY, ijQy tryf XUnIAnW nwl juVy mzdUrW ny AwpxI vrg-cyqnw nwl i&rkU &swdW iv`c ih`sw lYxoN nWh kr id`qI sI[

Bgq isMG spSt kihMdw hY ik Drm nUM rwjnIqI qoN v`K krnw cwhIdw hY[ isr& qW hI isAwsI mMc auqy eykqw ho skdI hY[

‘mzhb qy swfI AwzwdI dI jMg’ lyK iv`c Bgq isMG sm`isAw nUM hor p`K qoN pyS krdy hn[ auh twlstwey dw hvwlw dy ky dwrSnk p`K qoN vI Drm qy ivcwr krdy hn[ twlstwey ny Drm dy iqMn p`K d`sy sn:-

1.      Essentials of Religion: XwnI mzhb dIAW zrUrI g`lW ik s`c bolo, corI nw kro,ZrIbW dI shwieqw kro, vZYrw[

2.      Philosophy of Religion: XwnI jnm, mrn, punrjnm, sMswr dI bnwvt Awid dI i&lws&I[

3.      Rituals of Religion: Xwin rsmo irvwj vZYrw[

Bgq isMG Anuswr Drm dw pihlw p`K iksy dw ku`J nhIN ivgwVdw[ pr dUjw qy qIjw p`K jy AMD-ivSvws nwl iml jwvy qW ieh bVw ivs&otk qy ^qrnwk ho jWdw hY Aqy AslIAq iv`c ieho ‘Dwrmk mUlvwd iv`c bdl jWdw hY, jy Drm dw dUjw p`K pihly nwl iml jwvy qy Awzwd i^AwlI nwl Aw juVy qW ies dw svwgq krnw cwhIdw hY[

‘nOjvwn Bwrq sBw’ dy mnorQ p`qr iv`c Bgq isMG Anuswr ‘mzHbI vihm Aqy quAs`b swfI qr`kI dy rwh iv`c v`fI rukwvt hn[ ivdySI hwkm ihMdUAW dI k`tVqw qy ipCWh iK`cU nIqI, muslmwnW dy quAs`b Aqy Awm krky swry i&rikAW dI qMgidlI dw &wiedw auTwauNdy hn’[

‘mYN nwsiqk ikauN hW’ iv`c Bgq isMG ies sm`isAw nUM isDWqk p`Dr qy nij`Tdy hn[ 1930 iv`c pihlI vwr AMgRyzI iv`c CipAw, ieh lyK bVw mh`qvpUrx hY, ikauNik ieh r`b jW Drm pRqI BwrqI ivSvwsW dIAW audwhrxW dy ky iliKAw igAw hY[ i&rkwpRsqI sMbMDI ies iv`c pRq`K rUp iv`c ivcwr nhIN kIqw igAw hY, pr Bgq isMG ny dlIl id`qI hY ik A^Ir nUM ‘smwj nUM r`b pRqI ivSvws ivru`D auvyN hI sMGrS krnw pYxw hY-ijvyN ausny bu`qpUjw Aqy Drm dy mnzr sMklpW ivr`uD sMGrS kIqw hY’[ Bgq isMG Anuswr ‘mnu`K Awpxy pYrW qy KVy hox qy XQwrQvwdI hox dw jqn krygw, qd auh r`b pRqI ivSvws nUM vgwh mwrygw Aqy hr muSkl ivru`D s^q Gol krygw’[

jy pMjwb qy dyS dy bwkI ih`isAW dI mOjUdw siQqI  nUM dyiKAw jwvy qW ieh socy ibnW nhIN irhw jw skdw ik BwrqI smwj Bgq isMG dy smyN qoN A`gy vDx dI bjwie ipCWh v`l nUM hI priqAw hY, rwm jnmBUmI-bwbrI msijd Awid ivvwd ies ipCWh prqx dy icMnH hn[ ieh ivfMbxw hI hY ik AXu`iDAw nUM gey ‘kwr-syvkW’ nUM ku`J i&rkwpRsq sMgTnW v`loN ‘cMdrSyKr Awzwd qy Bgq isMG’ ikhw igAw[ ieh vkq hY ik Bgq isMG  qy aunHW dy swQIAW dy Drm qy i&rkwpRsqI sMbMDI ivcwrW nUM v`D qoN v`D lokW q`k pucwieAw jwey qwik auh mihsUs kr skx ik kI aunHW dy mnW iv“c scm`c hI aunHW pRqI kuJ siqkwr hY?

mwrksvwdI-lYinnvwdI icMqn qy lihr dy AMg rUp iv`c Bgq isMG dy ivcwrW qy ply pwS ny Dwrmk mUlvwd qy i&rkwpRsqI dI sm`siAw nUM AwpxIAW ilKqW iv`c bVy pRBwvSwlI FMg nwl icqirAw hY, BwvyN ik pwS dIAW AijhIAW ilKqW QoVIAW hn, pr auh fUMGw pRBwv C`fdIAW hn[ pMjwb dI siQqI qy pwS dIAW Aw^rI ku`J kivqwvW hr qrHW dy mUlvwd , i&rkwpRsqI Aqy hkUmqI jbr i^lw& jMg dw ngwrw hn[ AmrIkw Aqy ‘hwk” iv`c ilKy aus dy ku`J h`QilKq lyK mwnv-ivroDI icMqn ivru`D aus dI fUMGI, pr dlIl-Xukq n&rq dw pRgtwA hn[

‘KUh’-Dwrmk mUlvwd ivru`D pwS dI isDWqk rUp iv`c bVI prp`k kivqw hY, pwS mUlvwdI soc nUM sB qoN v`D pRqIikRAwvwdI , ZYr-mnu`KI qy &wiSSt soc smJdw hY Aqy ies dI isrjnwqmk AiBivAkqI ies SkqISwlI kivqw iv`c hoeI hY[ auh mUlvwdI soc nUM ‘KUh’ dy pRqIk rUp iv`c dyKdw hY-

 

KUh bVy QoVy bcy ny hux

pr auh k`lm-k`ly suMny jhy

ijQy vI hn

hnyry qoN sur`iKAq nhIN

jo ipAws dy p`j auqrdw hY aunHW ‘c

qy mOq Br idMdY

sB qoN Boly Bwly pMCIAW iv`c

 

pwS ikMny hI rUpkW rwhIN mUlvwdI soc qy lihr dy qbwhkun pRBwvW nUM icqrdw hY[

 

AqIq gwauNdIAW bVHkW iv`c

KUh quhwnUM joVdy hn moeIAW sdIAW nwl

KUh quhwfy nwl s&r krdy hn b`sW iv`c

aunHW ivclw hnyrw AwdmI dI BwSw Koh ky

isr& mimAwauxw isKwauNdw hY[

 

pRqIkwqmk rUp iv`c bVI AmIr ies kivqw iv`c kvI ies nqIjy qy vI phuMcdw hY-

 

eyny qrl hnyry dy

iblkul gvWF jINdy hoey

qusIN inh`iQAW qur nhIN skdy[

 

‘Drm-dIKSw leI ibnY-p`qr’, Dwrmk mUlvwd nUM auGwVdI ie`k hor SkqISwlI kivqw hY[ ies kivqw iv`c ie`k ZrIb mW Awpxy iek`ly pu`qr dI jwn dI BIK mMgdI hY qy jwxdI vI hY qy ik Dwrmk mUlvwd dy qU&wn iv`c ausny bcxw nhIN[

bVy ivAMgwqmk qy mwrmk FMg nwl kivqw iv`c siQqI dw icqrx hoieAw hY-

 

mYN qyry d`sy hoey hI ieSt pUjWgI

mYN qyry pws kIqy Bjn hI gwvWgI

mYN hor sB DrmW nUM ingUxy ikhw krUM

myrI ie`ko ie`k zubwn bcI hY Drm-gurU[

myry b`cy dI-qy mrd ivcwrw

isr qy nhIN irhw[

 

mUlvwd dw ZYr-mnuKI ichrw pCwnx leI ieh pUrI kivqw hI pVHnI cwhIdI hY[

aunHy hI jzby nwl pwS ny ieMdrw gWDI dI h`iqAw bwd 1984 iv`c inrdoS is`KW dw kqlyAwm krn vwly isAwsI ZuMfw grohW nUM auGwiVAw hY- ie`QoN q`k ik aunHW &wSI isAwsI AwgUAW dw nW lYxoN vI kivqw iv`c sMkoc nhIN kIqw-

 

‘mYN nhIN cwhuMdw ik isr&

ies ibnwA qy bcdw rhW

ik myrw pqw nhIN hY

Bjn lwl ibSnoeI nUM

ies dw jo vI nW hY-

ZuMifAW dI slqnq dw

mYN iesdw nwgirk hox qy Qu`kdw hW[

mYN aus pweIlt dIAW

mIsxIAW A`KW iv`c rVkdw Bwrq hW

hW, mYN Bwrq hW rVkdw hoieAw

auhdIAW A`KW iv`c

jy ausdw Awpxw koeI ^wndwnI Bwrq hY

qw myrw nwm aus ‘coN huxy k`t dyvo’

 

ivfMbxw ieh sI ik ‘byd^lI leI ibnY-p`qr’ pwS ny ijnHW nUM id`qw sI, aunHW ny nhIN, iksy hor qwkq ny hI pwS nUM izMdgI qoN byd^l kr id`qw, jd ik pwS vrgw Swier iksy vI mwxm`qI kOm dw mwx qy Swn huMdw hY[

mUlvwd dw &wSI rUp ikvyN mnu`KI Awqmw nUM kucl su`tdw hY ieh pwS dI ausdy jIvx iv`c pRkwSq AMqm kivqw ‘sB qoN ^qrnwk’ iv`c dyiKAw jw skdw hY:

 

SB qoN ^qrnwk auh rwq huMdI hY

jo pYNdI hY jIauNdI rUh dy AwkwSW qy

ijhdy iv`c isr& au`lU boldy

ig`dV hvWkdy

icmt jWdy sdIvI nyHr

bMd bUihAW cugwTW ‘qy-

 

pwS qrkvwdI vI sI Aqy aus dIAW keI g`d rcnwvW Drm qy AMDivSvwSW dy smwj qy pRBwv nUM icqrdIAW hn[ ‘rwmrwj v`l vwpsI’ nwmk lyK iv`c pwS Bwrq dI AqIq dI sMsikRqI qoN KihVw Cufwaux dw qrk idMdw hY[ auh Bwrq dy ‘son icVI’ hox dI im`Q nUM vI aufw idMdw hY[ ieh son icVI ku`J leI BwvyN rhI hovy, swirAW leI nhIN sI[ pwS Anuswr ‘rwmrwj’ dw nwhrw pRqIikRAwvwdI nwArw hY Aqy mwnv dI mukqI Biv`K iv`c hY[ Awpxy lyK dy is`ty dy rUp iv`c pwS kihMdw hY ik nw BwrqI nw musilm jW eIsweI siBAwcwr koeI su`K idMdy hn ikauNik ieh ip`Cy iljWdy hn, ‘A`gy, hor A`gy-ij`Qy sB jw rhy hn, auQy nw koeI ihMdU bcygw, nw is`K, nw muslmwn, nw eIsweI bcygw, auQy isr& AwdmI bcygw[ Biv`K kyvl ienswn dw hY’[

Bgq isMG Aqy pwS ie`k dUjy dy sih-krmI hn[ ie`k isAwsI socvwn hY Aqy dUsrw aus isAwsI soc dw siBAwcwrk kwmw[ dovyN hI mnu`Kqw nUM ausdI mukqI leI lVdy XoiDAW nUM Brosw duAwauNdy hn ik mukqI dy lkS leI BwvyN auh pMjwb dy ienHW dovW mwxm`qy spUqW vWg ShIdI pw jwx, pr mukqI dw lkS l`KW-kroVW imhnqkS lokW nUM iK`cdw rhygw Aqy auqwrW-cVHwvW qy muSklW dy bwvjUd ie`k idn auh AwpxI mukqI Av`S hwsl krngy[

 

 

fw: cmn lwl                                          (pRsMgv`s 1996 iv`coN)

————————–

23 mwrc dw ShId kvI:pwS

fw: cmn lwl

 

pMjwb dI isAwsI qy siBAwcwrk izMdgI ivc 23 mwrc dw idn ^ws mh`qv r`Kdw hY[ ies idn brqwnvI bsqIvwd dy i^lw& pMjwb dI jvwnI dy sB qoN ^UbsUrq rUp, Bgq isMG ny &WsI dw r`sw h`sidAW-h`sidAW Aqy ‘ienklwb izMdwbwd’ dy AwkwS guMjwaU nwhirAW nwl cuMimAw sI[ jvwn aumr dI mOq jy iek pwsy izMdgI dw sB qoN v`fw du^Wq hY qW hr jvwn aumr ivc id`qI iksy audyS leI Shwdq smW pw ky jSnW Bry idn dw rUp lY lYNdI hY Aqy aus ShId nOjvwn nUM muV-muV XwdW Aqy pRyrnwvW ivcoN ijaUNdw krdI hY[

Bgq isMG ny nw isr& pMjwb dI jvwnI nUM hI sgoN pUry Bwrq (pwiksqwn Aqy bMglwdyS) dI jvwnI nUM vI iek kdI DuMdlI nw hox vwlI bulMd Shwdq dw pRqIk id`qw hY[ Bgq isMG dI bulMd S^sIAq ny s`qrivAW dy dhwky ivc auBrdy pMjwbI kvI pwS nUM ieMj pRBwvq kIqw ik aus dI S^sIAq Bgq isMG dy rMgW ivc rMgI geI Aqy aus dI kivqw dw pUrw ivkws Bgq isMG dy ivcwrW ivc pUrI qrHW gVu`c ho ky hoieAw[ ieh sMXog vI AjIb hoieAw ik pwS nUM Awpxy Dur AMdr vsy Bgq isMG dI hoxI duhrwauxI peI, BwvyN ik aus nUM Bgq isMG nwloN cOdW ku vrHy v`D izMdgI mwnx dw mOkw imilAw Aqy AwpxI iek sMqwn (DI ivMkl) C`f ky jwx dw vI[

pwS nUM iek kvI dy rUp ivc vIh swl dI auBrvIN aumr ivc hI mwxqw iml geI sI Aqy qIh swl dI aumr q`k phuMcidAW qW auh pMjwbI dw iek nvIN Dwrw isrjx vwlw pRmu`K kvI ikhw jwx l`igAw sI[ krIb swFy sYNqI virHAW dI aumr ivc 23 mwrc 1988 dy idn dihSqgrdW ny aus dy mGdy SbdW dI qwb nw J`lidAW aus nUM buzidlwnw qrIky nwl ShId kIqw qw audoN q`k auh iek Xu`g kvI dw lkb hwsl kr cu`kw sI[ AwDuink pMjwbI kivqw ivc jo mohx isMG Aqy AMimRqw pRIqm dI kivqw dw iek pUrw Xu`g mMinAw jWdw hY qW aus qoN bwAd ies qrHW dI Xu`g kivqw dw ishrw pwS Aqy pwqr isr b`iJAw hY[ pMjwbI dy A`TvyN-nOvyN dhwky dI kivqw pwS Aqy pwqr dy nW nwl jwxI jWdI hY[

pwS ny BwvyN kivqw qoN ielwvw lyK, iek A`DI iekWgI, do cwr khwxIAW, ArQ BrpUr ic`TIAW Aqy fwierI dy pMny vI ilKy, pr aus dw pRmu`K Aks kvI dw hI bixAw hY[ pMjwbI dw auh aunHW ^uSiksmq pMj-s`q lyKkW ivcoN iek hY, ijnHW nUM pUry Bwrq dI p`Dr au`qy byh`d mkbUlIAq hwsl hoeI hy[ ^ws kr ihMdI-BwSI ^yqr ivc qW aus nUM ihMdI dy Awpxy kvIAW nwloN vI v`D Apx`q hwsl hoeI hY[ ies qrHW lorkw vWg Aqy aus dI ijMnI aumr Bog ky pwS ny BwrqI kivqw Aqy i&r ivSv kivqw ivc mwxXog sQwn hwsl krky pMjwbI dy Swhkwr hsqw^r dw drjw pRwpq kIqw hY[

pwS dw sB qoN pihlw kwiv sMgRih ‘loh kQw’ 1970 ivc Cp igAw sI jd auh nkslbwVI lihr ivc ih`sw lYx dy doS ivc ^ud jylH ivc bMd sI[ aus vyly aus dI aumr vIh vrHy vI nhIN sI hoeI[ (pwS dw jnm 9 sqMbr 1950 nUM nkodr kol qlvMfI slym ipMf ivc hoieAw sI) ies sMgRih ivc pwS dIAW 36 kivqwvW Swml sn[ aus dw dUjw kwiv sMgRih ‘aufdy bwzW mgr’ 1974 ivc CipAw, ijs ivc aus dIAW 41 kivqwvW Swml hn[ ‘swfy simAW ivc’ sMgRih 1978 ivc CipAw Aqy ies sMgRih ivc aus dIAW 28 kivqwvW Swml hn[ ies qoN bwAd pwS dy ijauNidAW aus dw koeI sMgRih nhIN CipAw[

 

aus dI Shwdq bwAd Cpy sMgRih ‘lVWgy swQI’ Aqy ‘vrqmwn dy rUbrU’ ivc aus dIAW 29 hor kivqwvW swhmxy AweIAW[ AmrjIq cMdn ny ‘i^lry hoey vrky’ isrlyK hyT 1989 ivc pwS dIAW 69 kivqwvW sMpwdq kIqIAW[ ienHW swry sMgRihAW dy bwvjUd vI kdI-kdweIN pwS dIAW AxCpIAW kivqwvW Cp jWdIAW hn[ kul imlw ky pwS ny Awpxy jIvx dOrwn krIb do sO kivqwvW dI isrjxw kIqI[ jo ‘sMpUrx pwS-kwiv’ ivc Cwp id`qIAW geIAW hn[

pwS Awpxy pihly kwiv sMgRih ‘loh kQw’ dIAW kivqwvW ‘Bwrq’, ‘lohw’, ‘kwql’, ‘rwq nUM’ Awid nwl pRis`D ho igAw sI, Aqy aus dIAW kivqwvW lokW dI zbwn auqy cVH geIAW sn[ pwS dy dUjy kwiv sMgRih ‘aufdy bwzW mgr’ dy Cpx nwl qW aus dI kivqw ivc aucI sur hox dw ielzwm lwaux vwly Awlock vI ieh mMnx nUM mjbUr hoey ik aus dI kivqw nUM nzrAMdwz nhIN kIqw jw skdw, blik ieh vI mMnxw ipAw ik aus ny Awpxw kivqw ivc iblku`l nvW, mOilk Aqy ivl`Kx AMdwz isrijAw hY[ kw&I smW qW, AwlockW nUM ies AMdwz dy ivl`Kx nkS pCwnx ‘c l`gw[ i&r ieh ikhw jwx l`gw ik aus dI kivqw ivc pyNfU Aqy ikrswxI jIvx dy smwjI Aqy s`iBAwcwrk XQwrQ dw Aijhw ibMb isrijAw igAw, ijhVw ies qoN pihlW pMjwbI dw koeI vI kvI nhIN isrj sikAw sI[ DnI rwm cwiqRk dw j`t qW dmwmy mwrdw myly Aw jWdw sI, pr pwS dy ikrswx Aqy ^yq mzdUr dI hwlq AwriQk SoSx dy iSkwr ienswnW dI du`K-drd BrI dwsqwn hY[ pr ieh ienswn bVy krVy, isrVI Aqy hwlwq dw mukwblw krn vwly sn, rIN-rIN krdy, jobn ru`qy mrn dy gIq gwauNdy rumWtk ienswn nhIN sn[

‘aufdy bwzW mgr’ sMgRih dIAW ‘aufdy bwzW mgr’, ‘h`Q’, ‘AsIN lVWgy swQI’, ‘mYNnUM cwhIdy ny kuJ bol’, qU&wnW ny kdy mwq nhIN KwDI’, ‘kMfy dw z^m’ Awid kivqwvW bVIAW hI mkbUl hoeIAW Aqy isr& ienklwbI nOjvwnW ivc hI nhIN, pRbu`D AwlockW Aqy swihq dy gMBIr pwTkW ivc vI pwS dI kivqw slwhI jwx l`gI[

1978 ivc Cpy ‘swfy simAW ivc’ dy pRkwSn ny qW pwS nUM 28 swl dI aumr ivc hI pMjwbI dy pRo. mohx isMG Aqy bwvw blvMq qoN bwAd sB qoN v`D mh`qvpUrx pRgqIvwdI kvI dw drjw idvw id`qw Aqy kuJ hor virHAW bwAd pwS AwpxI kivqw rwhIN pMjwbI pRgqIvwdI kivqw dw sB qoN aucw kvI bx ky mkbUl hoieAw[

‘mYN hux ivdw huMdw hW’ vrgI kivqw ny pwS nUM iek AiqAMq sUKm pRym kivqw rcx vwlw kvI vI bxw id`qw[ ‘pRqIb`Dqw’, icVIAW dw cMbw’, ‘swfy simAW ivc’, ‘kwmryf nwl g`lbwq’ kivqwvW rwhIN pRgqIvwd dw klwiskI kvI bx igAw[ ‘byd^lI leI ibnY-p`qr’, ‘sB qoN ^qrnwk’, ‘Kuh’ Awid kivqwvW rwhIN pwS ny dihSqgrdW Aqy puils h`QoN sqwey pMjwb dw Aijhw kwivk qs`vr isrijAw ik ieh aus dhwky dw dsqwvyz bx igAw[ ‘su&ny’, ‘XwrW nwl sMvwd’, ‘Gwh’ Awid aus dIAW hor izkrXog kivqwvW hn[

pwS ny AwpxI kivqw Aqy izMdgI rwhIN pMjwb dw isr aucw krky ies nUM BwrqI p`Dr auqy Swn duAweI hY

 

 

                                   (Swhkwr swihq Aqy swihqkwr, 2000 ivcoN)

 

 

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