Paash-An article by Mohinder Singh Sandhu

pwS, jo mzdUrW Aqy ikswnW dw mhwn kvI sI

 

muihMdr isMG sMDU

 

23 mwrc, 1931 nUM ShId Bgq isMG ny PWsI dw r`sw cuMimAw Aqy ies qoN Tik 57 swl bwAd iesy idn pRis`D ienklwbI kvI pwS mhwn ShId dy pd icMnHW qy cldy hoey Dwrimk jnUnIAW dy h`QoN ShId hoey[ pwS dw jnm nkodr dy ipMf qlvMfI slym ivc 9 sqMbr 1950 nUM hoieAw[ aus dy ipqw s. sohx isMG sMDU aus vyly BwrqI &Oj dI isgnl kor ivc nOkrI kr rhy sn[ pwS ijs dw pUrw nW Avqwr isMG sI, Awpxy mW-bwp dy cwr b`icAW ivcoN dUjw sI[ aus dw v`fw Brw Enkwr isMG Aqy CotIAW do ByxW hn[ ipqw dI nOkrI kwrn ausdI pVHweI vDIAw FMg nwl nw ho skI[ auh ipMf dy pRwiemrI skUl qoN ielwvw Kivy dy hweI skUl qy jlMDr dy iek hweI skUl ivc piVHAw[ aus dI rucI rvwieqI skUlI pVHweI  nwloN v`D kivqw qy swihq ivc sI pr auh bZYr imhnq kIqy vI AwpxI klws dy ividAwrQIAW nwloN Agy rihMdw sI[ nOvINN qoN bwAd aus ny pVHweI C`f id`qI Aqy CotI aumr ivc hI isAwsI qy swihqk srgrmIAW vl pRyirAw igAw[

aus ny AwpxI pihlI kivqw 15 swl dI aumr ivc ilKI jo aus ny Awpxy ipqw nUM iek ic`TI dy nwl ByjI[ s. sohx isMG ny ieh kivqw Awpxy iek swihq pwrKU swQI sUbydwr hrBjn isMG nUM idKweI Aqy auh ies kivqw qoN bhuq pRBwvq hoey[ pwS dI Shwdq qoN ipCoN A&sos dw ijhVw pihlw K`q AwieAw, auh hrBjn isMG dw hI sI[ pwS dI pihlI kivqw jo iksy rswly ivc CpI, auh 1967 ivc ilKI geI Aqy jlMDr qoN inkldy iek rswly ivc ausy swl CpI[ aus qoN ipCoN ieh islislw qyzI nwl cldw irhw[ isAwsI ipV ivc vI auh bhuq CotI aumr ivc auqr AwieAw[ 1967 ivc nkodr hlky dw sWJy &rMt dw aumIdvwr s. drbwrw isMG (spIkr) sI[ pwS aunHW coxW ivc QW-QW BwSn krn vwilAW ivcoN sB qoN CotI aumr (17) swl dw sI[ pwS ny sB qoN pihlW sI. pI. AweI . ivc pRvyS kIqw Aqy aus dw pihlw isAwsI uru cYn isMG cYn sI[ ienI CotI aumr ivc hI aus ny mwrksvwd dw kw&I AiDAYn kr ilAw sI[ 1970 ivc jd pwS nUM nkslI Amdoln dOrwn iek JUTy kys ivc PV ilAw igAw qW aus ‘qy Amqw dw qS`dd kIqw igAw[ 1970-71 dy dOrwn aus dIAW jyLH Amdr ilKIAW hoeIAW kivqwvW aus dy hMfwey hoey AnuBv dI shI qsvIr hn[ jylH dy iesy smyN ivc aus dI kivqwvW dw sMgRih ‘loh kQw’ gurSrn isMG ny CwipAw[ ies dy Cpx nwl ijQy aus dy hzwrW pRSMsk pYdw hoey, auQy kuJ sQwpq swihqkwrW Amdr kInw vI pYdw hoieAw[

1971 dy A^Ir ivc jd pwS jylHoN bwhr AwieAw qW auh pMjwb dI nOjvwn pIVHI dw ‘hIro’ bx cukw sI[ mYN pwl AwfItorIAm luiDAwxy ivc iSv kumwr qy pwS nUM kvI drbwr ivc ih`sw lYNdy dyiKAw[ sroqy swihq AkwfmI dy purskwr ivjyqw qoN ikqy v`D bykrwrI nwl pwS dI vwrI dI aufIk kr rhy sn[ 1972 ivc pwS ny Awpxw prcw ‘isAwV’ k`iFAw[ ieh prcw ikswnW qy mzdUrW dIAW sm`isAwvW nUM smripq sI[ cwhy ies ivc kuJ kivqwvw qy gIq vI huMdy sn pr auh lokW ivc bhuq hI mkbUl qy Awm lokW nUM smJ Awaux vwlI SylI ivc huMdy sn[ ienHW idnW ivc hI pwS dIAW kivqwvW ‘ikMqU’, ‘lkIr’ qy ‘jQybMdI’ ivc vI CpdIAW rhIAW[ AwrQk AokVW dy bwvjUd vI auh ‘isAwV’ k`FI igAw[ pr mogw AyjItySn dOrwn igR&qwrI ipCoN do iqMn Amk hI k`F sikAw[

1974 ivc pMjwb swihq siBAwcwr mMc ny ‘hym ijXoqI’ dubwrw SurU kIqw qW aus dw mu`K sMpwdk suirMdr (hym ijXoqI) nUM QwipAw igAw[ Asl ivc sMpwdk dw kMm qw cMdn qy pwS hI krdy sn, ies dOrwn vI kivqwvW qoN ibnW ‘hym ijXoqI’ pwS dy swihqk qy isDWqk lyK Cpdy rhy[

1974 ivc pwS dw dUjw kivqw sMgRih ‘swfy bwzW mgr’ CipAw[ ies pusqk dIAW kivqwvW cwhy ‘loh kQw’ dy mukwbly G`t ienklwbI lgdIAW sn pr ienHW ivc v`D p`ikAweI vwlIAW qy suhj p`KoN ‘loh kQw’ nwloN vDIAw sn[ ies ivc kuJ gIq vI sn ijnHW ivc ‘k`KW dIey ku`lIEy’ vrgy mkbUl gIq sn[ ies pusqk dy Cpx qoN kuJ icr ipCoN ies nUM id`lI XunIvristI dy Aym. Ey. pMjwbI kors dy islybs ivc sQwn imilAw[

mwipAW dI ^whS dw Awdr krdy hoey pwS ny swihqk ruJyivAW dy nwl nwl pVHweI AwrMB kr id`qI[ pihlW mYitRk qy Agly swl pRYp dy iemiqhwn pws kr ley[ Pyr rotIkmwaux dI ^wqr jy. bI. tI. kIqI[ 14 jUn, 1978 nUM pwS dI SwdI ho geI qy 1981 ivc aus dI ieklOqI bytI dw jnm hoieAw[ pwS ivhlw kdy nhIN irhw[ swihqk ruJyivAW dy nwl nwl  auh isAwsI srgrmIAW ivc pUrI pUrI idlcspI lYNdw irhw[ mogw stUfYNts AyjItySn ivc auh pUrI qrHW srgrm sI Aqy auh 10 AkqUbr, 1970 nUM pRo. hrBjn isMG (kwlw sMiGAW), hrBjn isMG vkIL qy myry nwl nkodr ivc igR&qwr hoieAw[ ieh kys koeI swFy Cy swl cilAw Aqy &rvrI 1979 ivc ies kys dw &Yslw hoieAw ijs ivc pwS smyq swry doSI bwie`zq brI ho gey[ 1979 ivc rylvy hVqwl dOrwn iPr hzwrW lokW nwl ijnHW ivc hrBjn isMG vkIl Aqy mYN vI sW, auhnUM kuJ cr leI hvwlwq ivc f`k id`qw igAw[ 1978 ivc pwS dI qIjI pusqk ‘swfy simAW ivc’ CpI[ ies pusqk ‘qy vI swihqk ^yqrW ivc kw&I crcw hoeI[ sMq isMG sy^oN ny ies dw rIvIaU ryfIE qoN kIqw, kuJ icr ipCoN AmgRyzI itRibaUn ivc pwS qy sMq sMDU (jo ienHW dy ipMf dw iek pRBwvSwlI qy ienklwbI kvI hY Aqy ijs dI pusqk ‘sIs qlI qy’ pwS dI ‘loh kQw’ nwl hI CpI sI) dI kivqw dw lyKw-joKw kridAW krqwr isMG du`gl ny iek lMmw lyK iliKAw jo do ikSqW ivc CipAw[ ies lyK ivc pwS dI kivqw dI (sMq sMDU dI vI) BrpUr SlwGw kIqI geI sI[ AmgRyzI pRYs qy ‘sQwipq’ lyKk vI ausdIAW kivqwvW dw noits lYx qy mjbUr ho gey[

pwS nUM hr ^yqr ivc nvyN nvyN qjrby krn dw iek Bus sI[ rvwieqI pRkwr dI p`qrkwrI kw&I mihMgI hY[ ies nUM mu`K r`Kdy hoey aus ny iek h`Q ilKq prcw ‘hwk’ SurU kr id`qw[ auh iek B`dy ijhy Awpxy bxwey hoey fuplIkytr nwl ausdIAW kwpIAW iqAwr krdw sI Aqy h`QIN lokW ivc vMfdw sI[ pypr ivc mu`K qOr auqy lokl sm`isAwvW hI huMdIAW sn[ ies prcy ny ijQy ZrIbW, mzdUrW Aqy ikswnW ivc pwS nUM hrmn ipAwrw bxwieAw auQy keI jgIrdwr qy hYNkVbwz aus dy duSmx bx gey[

kuJ swl hoey pMjwbI swihq AkwfmI ny pwS dIAW swihqk pRwpqIAW nUM svIkwrdy hoey  iek swl leI &YloiSp pRdwn kIqI Aqy 1000 mwsk idqw[ iek hor q~Q ijs qoN bhuq G`t lok jwxU hn auh hY pwS dI kivqw dy XunIAn srivs kimSn dy Awl ieMfIAw srvisz dy slybs ivc Swml krnw[ pMjwbI dy pypr ivc nvIN pRgqivwdI kivqw dy isrlyK hyT ijnHW do kvIAW dIAW ikrqW dI stfI (bxn vwly AweI. Ey. Ays., AweI. pI. Ays qy AweI. AY&. Ays vrgy auc A&srw leI) zrUrI hY auh hn pwS qy pMjwbI dy hrmn ipAwry kvI surjIq pwqr[ ieh iksy vI kvI leI mwx vwlI g`l hY[ ieh mwx ienHW dohw kvIAW nUM 1979 ivc pRwpq hoieAw, jd pwS dI aumr kyvl 29 swl sI qy pwqr vI aus qoN koeI cwr pMj vrHy hI v`fw sI[

pwS nUM jo vI mwnqw pRwpq hoeI hY aus ny aus leI kdI koeI aprwlw nhIN kIqw[ aus nUM ryfIE qy dUrdrSn qoN keI vwr s`dy Awey, kvI goStIAW leI, kivqw pwT leI qy hor pRogrwmW leI pr aus ny hmySw ienHW s`idAW nUM Tukrw idqw[

pwS dI izMdgI dw Aw^rI pVwA sI AmrIkw jwxw[ bhuq swry AgWh vDU BwrqI, jo AmrIkw, kynyfw qy hor bwhrly dySW ivc vsy hoey hn, cwhuMdy sn ik ^wilsqwnIAW dy pRwpygMfY dw jvwb dyx leI koeI rswlw k`iFAw jwvy[ pwS dI AwpxI Byx Bxv`eIAw qy hor irSqydwr vI AmrIkw ivc sn, jo aus nUM sMBwl skdy sn[ so loVINdy rswly nUM clwaux leI aunHW nUM pwS qoN v`D FukvW ivAkqI kOx iml skdw sI? pwS pqnI qy b`cI smyq julweI 1986 ivc AmrIkw clw igAw, auQy auh ‘AYNtI-47-&rMt’ dy nW dy rswly dw sMpwdn krdw sI[ hor AgWh vDU isAwsI srgrmIAW ivc vI pUrI idlcspI lYNdw sI[ aus ny hor swQIAW dy nwl iml ky Zdr pwrtI dy d&qr nUM jo XugMqr AwSrm dy nwm nwl pRis`D hY, dw kbzw lYx leI AyjItySn AwrMBI Aqy aus ivc kuJ s&lqw vI imlI[ ies Bwrq PyrI dOrwn auh bwbw Bgq isMG iblgw nwl ies mwmly qy kw&I  ivcwr vtWdrw krdw irhw[ Bwrq PyrI qoN ipCoN auh vwps AmrIkw prqx hI vwlw sI ik 23 mwrc nUM ieh sMGrSmeI jIvn, A`qvwdIAW dy kwly mnsUibAW dw iSkwr ho igAw[

pwS iek P`kV iksm dw ienswn sI[ auh Kwx pIx, pihnx Awid dy muAwmly ivc bVw lw-pRvwh sI[ auh hmySw nvIAW pgfMfIAW qy qurnw psMd krdw sI[ pYsy kol hox qW k`l dI koeI pRvwh nhIN[ &YloiSp dy iek hzwr rupey jy pMj qrIk nUM imly qW ds nUM ^qm[ A`iDAW ku dIAW ikqwbW ^rId leIAW Aqy bwkI  ijs cIz qy mn AwieAw ^rId leI[ ilKx pVHn dw aus dw koeI tweIm nhIN sI[ rwq dy do do vjy q`k pVHdy rihxw Aqy ijs ivSy dy ipCy pYxw bury dy Gr q`k jwxw[ mYN aus nUM qwrw ielm (Astronomy), ienswnI nslW dI i&lws&I qy lwlw hridAwl bwry st`fI krdy dyiKAw hY[

A`j cwhy auh swfy ivc nhIN irhw pr aus dy ruSnwey rwh Awaux vwlIAW pIVHIAW nuM ausy  rwh qy c~lx leI pRyrq krdy rihxgy[

 

pwS sUvIinr, 1989 ivcoN)

(ieMtrnYSnl pMjwbI iltryrI tRst (kynyfw)

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