Paash-three articles by Surjit Singh Bhatti

pwS:A`k dI ku`kVI bnwm AMb

surjIq isMG B`tI

irjnl sYNtr, biTMfw

(ieh prcw pMjwbI swihq sBw, biTMfw v`loN, AwXoijq, pwS ismrqI smwroh ivKy imqI 15-5-88 nUM piVHAw igAw)

&Yz Aihmd &Yz AwpxI iek Zzl ivc ilKdw hY:

ijs Dj sy koeI mkql myN gXw, vuh Swn slwmq rihqI hY,

Xh jwn qoN AwnI jwnI hY, ies jW kI qoN koeI bwq nhIN[

sMswr pRgqIvwdI swihq lihr nwl sMbMiDq bhuq swry kvIAW Aqy icMqkW ny Awpxy AgWhvDU ivcwrW auqy pihrw idMidAW, Awpxy isDWq nUM Aml ivc swkwr kridAW Aqy isDWq Aqy Aml dI eykqw nUM sQipq kridAW, Awpxw v`fmu`lw lhU sMGrS kr rhI mnu`Kqw dy lyKy lwieAw hY[ ienHW ivc AMqr rwStrI p`Dr auqy, kirto&r kwfvYl Aqy rYl& &wks dw nW, iksy jwx pCwx dw muQwj nhIN[ pMjwbI swihq nUM TIk bwbw &rId Aqy gurU nwnk dy smyN qoN lY ky A`j qIk ieh mwx rhygw ik ieh kdy vI mnu`K-doKI Aqy lok ivroDI qwkqW dw h`Q-Tokw nhIN bixAw[ smu`cy pMjwbI swihq dI ieh iek gOrvSIL pRwpqI hY ik ieh hmySw Awpxy by-zubwn lokW dI zubwn, inmwixAW dw mwx qy inqwixAW dw qwx bxidAW izMdgI dy hr sMGrSmeI moV auqy Awpxy kdm jIvx dI pRgqISlqw Aqy gqISIlqw nwl joV ky r`Kdw AwieAw hY[pwS dI kivqw nUM pRgqISIl swihqk prMprw dy ivSyS pRsMg ivc r`K ky ivcwrnw hI, aus dI swrQkqw, mOilkqw Aqy dyx nUM, smJx dw shI idRStIkox ho skdw hY[

pMjwbI kivqw dy ieiqhws Aqy ivkws nUM. pMjwb dy jIvx ivc auTIAW smwjk, Dwrmk, rwjnIqk lihrW qoN inKyV ky vwcxw swihq Aqy smwj dy dvMdwqmk sMbMDW qoN ienkwr krnw hovygw[ nwQ mq, BgqI lihr, gurmq, is`K lihr, kUkw lihr, isMG sBw lihr, Zdr lihr, AkwlI lihr, pRgqIvwdI lihr, Aqy nkslbwVI lihr Awid iksy vI lihr nUM lY lE, hr lihr dw sBwA lok-p`KI Aqy ivSyS pRsMg Aqy ieiqhwsk dOr ivc, swpyK rUp ivc hmySw hI pRgqISIl irhw hY[ pwS dI kivqw nUM nkslbwVI lihr dI isDWqk Aqy ivhwrk rwjnIqI qoN Al`g krky smJxw, kivqw nUM aus dy mUl smwjk/dwrSink AwDwr nwloN inKyV ky vyKx dI AwdrSvwdI Bu`l hovygI[ nkslbwVI lihr Aqy pwS dI kivqw nUM nw hI iek dUjy nwl rlg`f krnw TIk hY Aqy nw hI dohW nUM iek smwn smJxw auicq hY[

klw dw XQwrQ Aqy jivn dw XQwrQ dvMdwqk sbMDW ivc juVy huMdy hn[ prMqU koeI kivqw XQwrQ qoN aupjI hox dy bwvjUd swKyp rUp ivc XQwrQ qoN suqMqr iek AijhI klw-ikrq bx jWdI hY ijs nUM hU-b-hU XQwrQ dI &otogrw&I smJxw vI Zlq hY Aqy ies nUM iesy qoN iblk`ul suqMqr mNnidAW, ies nUM iek inrpyK XQwrQ mMnxw vI, ivigAwnk idRStI qoN pRvwn nhIN kIqw jw skdw[

pwS dI kivqw bwry iksy bwhrmuKI, sMquilq Aqy qrkSIl idRtIkox dI auswrI leI nkslbwVI lihr dI rwjnIqI, isDWq Aqy ieiqhws nUM smJxw iek buinAwdI zrUrq hY[ ies q`Q qoN sucyq hox dI vI loV hY ik pMjwb bwry koeI TIk smJ, smu`cy Bwrq bwry koeI smJ, AMqr rwStrI siQqI ivc, Bwrq dw sbMD qIsrI duinAW dy ivkwsSIl dySW nwl joVidAW hI AsIN Awpxy AiDAYn rwhIN kuJ Tos Aqy bwhrmuKI nqIjy krn dy smr`Q ho skWgy[

pwS dI kivqw nUM kyvl nkslbwVI lihr dy pRsMg ivc r`K ky vyKx nwl, ies dw sbMD pRgqIvwdI lihr dy ipCokV nwloN tu`t jwvygw ijs qoN ibnW swfI smJ sqhI, iek pwsV, pRsMg mukq Aqy prMprw mukq huMdI hoeI, ivSyS p`Dr auqy ieiqhws mukq ho jwvygI[

ies swrI isDWqk crcw dw prXojn i&lhwl qW isr& AYnw hI hY ik AsIN Awpxy AiDAYn ADIn vsqU dw ivSlySx Aqy mulAMklx krn ihq, iesy isDWqk prpyK nUM Awpxw AwDwr bxwvWgy[ BwvyN ienHW bwry ivsqirq crcw ies QW krnI nw hI sMBv hY Aqy nw hI zrUrI hY[ pwS dI kivqw nUM smJx leI kivqw/swihq dy sQwpq kwiv-isDWqW qoN ^brdwr hox dy nwl ies g`l qoN sucyq hox dI zrUrq hY ik pwS dI kivqw nUM smJx leI GVyy-GVwey Aqy prMprwgq kwiv Swsqr dI lCmx ryKw nUM t`pidAW, kivqw sbMDI aus dy Awpxy AYlwn-nwmy Anuswr, smJx ivc sPl ho skWgy[ sMswr swihq ivc vrfzvrQ Aqy klwhz vrgy rumWsvwdI SwierW ny AwpxI kivqw nUM iesy idRStI qoN smJy jwx auqy zor id`qw sI[ pwS dI smu`cI kivqw ausdIAW iqMn kwiv-pusqkW, loh kQw (1970), aufdy bwzW mgr (1974), swfy simAW ivc (1978) pRwwpq hoeIAW hn[ ienHW dy AwDwr auqy hI AsIN aus dI kivqw bwry kuJ ivcwr sWJy krn dw Xqn krWgy[

pwS dy kwiv-Swsqr dI buinAwd ieh Dwrnw hY ik auh ‘rvwieq’ dI QW auqy ‘jIvn’ nUM AwpxI kwiv-rcnw dw mUl AwDwr pRvwn krdw hY[ ieauN auh kwiv dy prMprwgq ArQW dy ivroD ivc clw jWdw hY[ iesy kwrn AwpxI kivqw ‘mYnUM cwhIdy hn kuJ bol’, ivc Aijhy bolW dI mMg krdw hY jo ausny aunHW gUMigAW nUM dyxy hn jo suhj dy pRc`lq mwp-dMfW Anuswr gIqW dI kdr nhIN jwxdy Aqy ijnHW nUM gwauxw vI nhIN AwauNdw[ aus dy leI kivqw dw sohj audoN hI sohj bxdw hY jdoN ieh sohj rwjw-SryxI dI GwtI; Aqy ‘mSUk dI DuMnI dw ^yqrPl’ imnx qoN dUr jw KloNdw hY[ aus dI kivqw dw sohj aunHW lokW leI hY jo izMdgI dy hr sohj dI isrjnw krdy hn, pr ijnW nUM iksy vI qrHW dy sohj nUM Bogxw vrijq hY ikauNik aunW dI jmwq Ajy ies sohj dy hwx dI nhIN hoeI[ auhdI kivqw prclq ArQW ivc ibMbW Aqy AlMkwrW dIAW tUmW pw ky jvwn nhIN huMdI sgoN ivroDI iDr dy SRyxI jbr nUM JlidAW jvwn huMdI hY[ iesy krky auh Awpxy Awp nUM ‘Bu`Ky mrdy lokW dw /Bu`Kw mrdw klwkwr’ prvwn krdw hY iesy kwrn auh kql hox vwilAW nwl kql hox leI iqAwr hY[ pr nwl hI Awpdy ivroDI dw kwql bxn qoN vI aus nUM ienkwr nhIN[ auh shI ArQW ivc ‘^yqW dw pu`q’ hY Aqy AwpxI swrI kivqw ivc aus ny ivroDI jmwq dy ‘cgLy hoey svwdW’ dI g`l vI nhIN kIqI[ auh m`D-SryxI dy pRclq kwiv-Swsqr dw m`kw &yridAW, ies leI iek ivSwl Aqy lok-p`KI sohj-Swsqr dI auswrI vl sMkyq krdw hY;

“mYN qW jd vI kIqI-Kwd dy Gwty dI g`l

iksy ZrIbVI dI ih`k vWgUM ipck gey gMinAW dI g`l krWgw[

Ajy mYN Drq qy CweI

iksy sIrI dy kwly-Swh bu`lHW ijhI rwq dI hI g`l krWgw[

jW

myry kol sohj dI aus supn sImW qoN aury

hwlW krn nUM bhuq g`lW hn

iksy sIrI dy kwly-Swh bu`lHW ijhI rwq dI hI g`l krWgw[        (ienkwr)2

aus dI smu`cI kivqw pRwpq Aqy ie`Cq XQwrQ dy qnwau nUM BogdI hoeI kivqw hY[[ iesy kwrn auh bhuq QwvW auqy kivqw aupr rwjnIqI nUM BwrU kridAW (hiQAwrW nwl Xu`D krn nUM) vDyry zrUrI smJdw hY[ sMKyp ivc aus dI kivqw jmwqI smwj dI hr cIz vWg Awpxy suBw Aqy srUp ivc jmwqI hY[ ieh kivqw lotU SRyxI leI n&rq, roh Aqy ihMsw dw KMjr bxidAW; Awpxy mihbUb lokW leI m`lm bx jWdI hY[ aus dI kivqw ieko vyly iksy leI KMjr Aqy iksy leI m`lm bx jwx dI smr`Qw r`KdI hY[

ausdI kivqw ikrqI lokW leI AMb Aqy lotU SRyxI leI A`k dI kukVI hY[ iehI sohj sbMDI idRStIkox dI ienklwbI pRwpqI hY[ sB qoN v`D ieh ik Aijhy.kvI.dI kivqw hY jo Awpxy mhwn ikrqI lokW pRqI pUrI pRqIb`Dqw Aqy cyqMnqw nwl AwpxI klm dw pRXog krdw hY[ ausdy leI Sbd lok smwjk ieiqhwsk Aml ivc ru`Jy auh Axigxq lok hn ijhVy isr& ‘ijsm hI ijsm hn’ ienHW ijsmW nUM isr bxwaux dI rIJ hI ausdI kivqw dw buinAwdI sMBv hY[ ausdI kivqw ivclIAW vsqU Aqy rUp sbMDI smUh Xogqw nUM smJx qoN bwAd  sihj suBw hI ieh is`D ho jWdw hY ik aus dI kivqw ivclw AnuBv, iek pyNfU m`D SRyxI nwl sbMDq prmu`K rUp ivc ikswnI jIvn dw AnuBv hI hY[ BwvyN gwaux rUp ivc pUMjIpqI, inmn m`D SRyxI, bu`DIjIvI, nOkrSwhI Aqy mzdUr jmwq dw AnuBv vI kw&I QwvW auqy pyS kIqw igAw, pRwpq huMdw hY[ inrsMdyh juJwrvwdI kivqw dI prMprw ivc, ies AnuBv nUM ijs mOilkqw, qIbrqw,smUhqw Aqy XQwrQkqw ivc pyS kIqw igAw hY ieh pwS dI kivqw dI iek Aihm Aqy mwxXog pRwpqI hY[ auh pyNfU jIvn dIAW loVW nUM, Awpxy kwiv–AnuBv dw AwDwr bxwauNidAW, rwjnIqI Aqy imiQhws nwl ikvyN joVdw hY, ies dI kyvl iek audwhrx kw&I hovygI:-

dusihry dy mYdwn AMdr,

Ku`sI hoeI sIqw nhIN, b`s qyl dI kYnI mMgdy hoey

rwvx swfy hI buiVHAW ny bxnw sI[3

jW

ies bu`Fy ny izMdgI nUM

guV dI roVI vrgI klipAw hoaU

pr aumr Br nzrW ivcoN

gMFy dy ibMb nUM qoV nhIN sikAw[

CotI ikswnI dw kvI hox kwrn hI auh kuJ ku QwvW qy AMqrmu`KI hox kwrn, smwjk XQwrQ nUM ies dI smu`cqw, jtlqw Aqy gqISIlqw ivc pkVn qoN AsmrQ irhw hY[ ijs dy is`ty vjoN aus dI kivqw kuJ k QwvW auqy XQwrQ nUM iek romWsvwdI idRStIkox qoN pRsquq krn dI kmzorI qoN mukq nhIN ho skygI[ shI mwrksvwdI idRStI iksy ienklwbI iRpsiQqI leI AMqr mu`KI Aqy bwhrmu`KI pirsiQqIAW dy smu`c nUM, ausdI sMpUrnqw Auqy smJx auqy zor idMidAW Gol dy hr iek rUp nUM ivSyS krky AwriQk, ivcwrDrk Aqy rwjnIqk nUM, iek dUsry dy pUrkW vjoN pRvwn krdI hY prMqU ienklwb nUM inrol hiQAwrbMd Gol qIk sImq kr dyxw vI shI mwrksvwdI smJ Anuswr drusq nhIN hY[ BwvyN hiQAwr bMd Gol qoN munkr huMidAW inrol “jYnI” bx bYTxw vI auqnw hI Zlq hY[ so gupq Aqy prgt, kwnUMnI Aqy ZYr kwnUMnI lok jmhUrI Aqy hiQAwrbMd nwl hI AwriQk Aqy rwjnIqk Awid hr pRkwr dy sMGrS nUM AwpxI mMzl dw mIl p`Qr bxwauNidAW hI AsIN iksy dyS ivc rwjnIqk  ienklwb nUM nypry cwVHn ivc sPl ho skdy hW[ Bwrq vrgy mulk ivc ijQy iksy ienklwbI pRogrwm nUM dyr nwl SurU krn dw kwrn tI. vI. auqy AweI rmwiex ho skdI hY, ausy bMdUk dI nwlI Aqy  ies nUM duSmx jmwq ivru`D syDx vwly h`QW ivc, pRwpq &rk nUM Ajy A`KW KolH ky vyKx dI zrUrq hY[ pwS Aqy juJwrvwdI lihr nwl sbMDq dUsry kvIAW ny swfIAW dohW K`by-p`KI pwrtIAW nUM ijs qirskwr dI ingwh nwl vyiKAw hY, ies idRStI bwry vI swnUM TMfy idmwZ nwl pVcol Aqy Awpw-pVcol krn dI iek bhuq hI buinAwdI zrUrq hY[ BwvyN swfIAW sQwpq K`bIAW pwrtIAW dy nkslbwVI lihr pRqI Apnwey gey ZYr mwrksvwdI Aqy mujrmwnw rv`eIey leI swfw Awaux vwlw ieiqhws aunHW nUM kdy vI brI nhIN kr skygw[

pwS dI kivqw dI pRDwn sur ’ilSkdI ikrpwn dI gwQw’ dI sur hI hY[ ……..dI eysy smJ dw is`tw hY ik auh dyS ivc pRclq vot dI rwjnIqI, sMivDwn, iensw&, siBAwcwr, ividAw, ipAwr, ieiqhws, imiQhws, smwj, sohj Aqy swihq Awid dy nwl nwl, lok gIqW nUM vI jmwqI idRStI qoN pRsquq krn dI koiSS krdw hY[ auh ruzgwr ^wqr srkwr dI vrdI pihnI puils dy ispwhI nUM jmwqI idRStI qoN Awpxw im`qr svIkwr krdw hY[ auh mzdUr Aqy ikswn jmwq dI eykqw sQwpq krn dI cyqMn koiSS krdw hY[ ies dy nwl hI auh ivroDI jmwq dy DiVAW ivc dUjy SbdW ivc lok eykqw dy ivroD ivc corW dI eykqw bwry vI pUrI qrHW sucyq hY[ ijQy nkslbwVI lihr dy smrQk gurIly srkwr ivru~D lV rhy lokW dy gurIly Aqy rwvl ipMfI ivru`D lV irhw Aihmd slIm iek iDr dI eykqw dw pRqIk hY[ ies eykqw dy ivroD ivc ‘id`lI’, kolMbo, Aqy ipMfI ienHW sB dI eykqw hkIkq ivc lok doKI qwkqW dI eykqw hI hY[ pwS dI kivqw ivcoN ies AnuBv dI Jlk bVI iS`dq nwl pyS kIqI geI  pRwpq huMdI hY[

pwS imiQhws bwry, Drm, ieiqhws, dyS-ipAwr Awid bwry prclq BwrU jmwq dy idRStIkox nUM r`d kridAW rwm Aqy rwvx dy imiQhws nUM jmwqI idRStI qoN smiJAw jwx dI loV auqy bl idMdw hY[ ausdI kivqw ivc ies g`l dw qIbr Aihsws hY ik jONAW dI potlI nwl koeI sudwmw mQrw dI g`dI sWBI bYTy iksy ikRSn dw dosq nhIN ho skdw[ ies iek vwk nwl hI aus ny duSmx jmwq pRqI Apxwey jwx vwly ivroD pUrn rv`eIey nUM iksy vI ienklwbI jmwq leI, iek pihlI Srq prvwn kIqw hY[ pwS ny AwpxI kivqw nwl, prgqIvwdI kivqw aupr hmySw lwieAw jwx vwlw ieh doS ik kivqw nwhrybwzI huMdI hY, pUrI qrW kUVy dy Fyr auqy su`t ky r`K id`qw hY[ aus dI kivqw rwjnIqI nUM kivqw dy iek ivSyS AMg vjoN pyS krn dI QW rwjnIqI nUM hI kivqw bxw dyx dI iek lw-imswl audwhrx hY[ ausdI kivqw ivc rwjnIqk isDWq bxy rihx dI QW, aus dy AnUTy kwiv-AnuBv kwrn klwqimk ibMbW ivc Fl jwx dI iek sPl audwhrx vjoN pyS kIqy jw skdy hn[ ausdI kivqw dw mUl mMqv pwTk nUM lorI dyx dI QW aus nUM JMjoV ky jgwauxw hY[ ieauN ausdI rcnw pwTk leI ausdI A`K Aqy kMn bxdI hY[ ies lotU inzwm ivc mnu`KI jIvn dI inrwriQkqw nUM bhuq hI drdylI FMg nwl AnuBv kridAW auh ies nUM swriQkqw pRdwn krn dI iksy vI koiSS nUM AjweIN nhIN jwx idMdw:

jd mYN aucy ihmwly vwlI

AwpxI ipqw BUmI qy bhuq mwx krdw hW

ijs swnUM phwVI p`QrW vWg byigxq pYdw krky

p`QrW vWg hI jIx leI C`f id`qw hY

qy audoN mYnUM auh FITqweI

ijdHw nW izMdgI hY

ru`sI hoeI mwSuk nwloN ipAwrI lgdI hY[     5

rwjnIqk Aqy ividAk pRbMD auqy cot kridAW, auh ividAw nUM swfy smwj ivc mnu`K dw qIsrw nyqr mMny jwx dy ivroD ivc ‘do A`KW dw tIr’ hI prvwn krdw hY[ b`icAW dy mwsUm Biv`K auqy ies pRbMD dy mwrU hmly dw izkr, Awpxy ipMf nUM jMgl ivcoN ilKy iek ^q nW dI kivqw ivc kuJ ies qrW mUrqImwn krdw hY:

qUM aunW b`icAW leI ryq ivCw irhw hovyNgw (myry ipMf)

ijnHW lvIAW lvIAW auMglW nwl aUVw pwauxw is`Kxw hY

qy aumr Br aUVy dy ic`bW coN

Cufw nhIN skxw sMswr Awpxw[6

pwS dI kivqw pRDwn rUp ivc vrqmwn AsMquStI ivcoN aupjI kivqw hY[ nqIjy vjoN ausdI kivqw smwj ivcoN pRwpq hr iek vsqU jW ivcwr nUM nkwrn dw  kwrn zrUr bxdI hY[ BwvyN ies ienkr/inKyD dy bdl vjoN kuJ nvW isrj skxw Ajy ies smu`cI Dwrw dy ieiqhwsk pRsMg ivc r`K ky vyiKAW, sMBv nhIN ho sikAw sI[ iksy vI kRWqIkwrI kvI leI mwnvqwvwdI hoxw ausdI iek pihlI zrurq hY[ pwS vloN mnu`KI jivn dI, vrqmwn smwjk Aqy rwjnIqk pRbMD ivc ijs ArQhIxqw dw izkr vwr vwr kIqw igAw prwpq huMdw hY, aus qoN smu`cI mwnvqw pRqI, ies dy Biv`K pRqI aus dI fUMGI idlcspI Aqy moh dw hI pRgtwvw huMdw hY[ auh purwxy nUM cwh ky nvyN dI auswrI nUM hI jivn dw ieko iek mMqv prvwn krdw hY[ ivroDI prsiQqIAW dy, kuJ ku QwvW auqy BwrU hox dy bwvjUd vI auh sMgrwmI mnu`K dy AwSwvwd nUM Aqy aunW dy XkInI ienklwbI ij`q nUM hI AwpxI kivqw dw ivSw bxwauNdw hY[ Aijhw AwSwvwd BwvyN kuJ QwvW auqy romWsvwdI ruJwxW qoN mukq nhIN huMdw prMqU swnUM FwhU Aqy auswrU romWsvwd ivc &rk krn dI zrUrq hY[ pwS dI kivqw ivc izMdgI ivc PYlI ivAwpk ArQhIxqw Aqy mMdhwlI dy bwvjUd sMGrS kr rhI jmwq dy AMqm rUp ivc ienklwbI ij`q pRwpq krn dy inrol ivSvws nUM bhuq auGVvyN rMgW ivc pyS kIqw igAw hY[

jdoN bMdUk nw hoeI audoN qlvwr hovygI

jdoN qlvwr nw hoeI lVn dI lgn hovygI

lVn dI jwc nw hoeI, lVn dI loV hovygI

AsIN lVWgy swQI…………………………7

eI. AYm. &wstr Anuswr jnm, ^urwk, nINd, ipAwr Aqy mOq pMj Aijhy buinAwdI ivSy hn jo sMswr dI qkrIbn hr swihqk ikrq dw vsqU bxdy Awey hn[8 pwS dI kivqw ivc krWqI dy nwl nwl muh`bq dw izkr vI gUVHy rMgW ivc kIqw igAw pRwpq huMdw hY[ ipAwr ijQy mrd Aqy AOrq nUM srIrk qOr qy Bogx dw mUl AwDwr bxdw hY, auQy nwl hI ieh Awpxy Awp nUM inrol pSUAW dI p`Dr qIk, isr& ilMg iK`c qIk Gtwaux qoN vI rokdw rihMdw hY[ smwj dI hr vsqU vWg ipAwr bwry smJ vI jmwqI huMdI hY[ BwvyN mwrks ny mrd Aqy AOrq dy AwpsI sbMDW nUM sB qoN v`D kudrqI sbMDW vjoN mwnqw prwpq kIqI hY[ i&r vI v`K v`K ieiqhwsk dOrW Aqy smwjW ivc, ipAwr pRqI v`KrIAW v`KrIAW DwrnwvW h`d gRihx krdIAW rhIAW hn[ jwgIrdwrI dOr ivc ipAwr dw mUl suBw rumWitk huMdw hY[ pUMjIvwdI dOr ivc ipAwr dw mUl suBw Bwvk huMdw hY[ kihx dI loV nhIN ik ies suBw nUM ivSyS pRkwr dIAW smwjk qy ieiqhwsk prsiQqIAW inrDwrq krdIAW hn[ prgqIvwdI kwiv-Dwrw ivc pyS ipAwr sbMDI rumWitk Dwrnw dy ivroD ivc, ipAwr sbMDI vDyry XQwrQk phuMc nUM sQwpq kIqw hY[ aus dw ipAwr AnuBv do idlW dI sWJ auqy ausirAw iek Aijhw AnuBv hY ijs ivcoN srIrk iK`c Aqy srIrk Bu`K nUM, gorKnwQI phuMc dw iSkwr huMidAW kdy vI qiAwgx dI AwdrSvwdI Bu`L nhIN krdw[ auh ipAwr nUM inrol rUhW dy myl dw swDn prvwn nhIN krdw sgoN ipAwr dy srIrk pihlU nUM buinAwdI mMnidAW hr prkwr dI idKwvy BrI nYiqkqw dw iqAwg krdw hY[ iesy prkwr Awm prclq Dwrnw ik ipAwr mnu`K nUM ieklwbI srgrmI qoN dUr iljwx vwlI koeI ‘pryq SkqI’ jW ie^lwkI igrwvt dI QW ies nUM, mnu`K dI ienklwbI srgrmI nUM A`gy qorn vwlI iek shwiek SkqI vjoN mwnqw pRwpq krdw hY[ kihx dI zrurq nhIN ik pUMjIvwdI smwj ivc lokW dw ipAwr vI iek vtWdry Xog vsq bx ky rih jWdw hY[ is`ty vjoN lok ipAwr dy AnuBv ivcoN iksy pRkwr dI Awqm sMquStI nUM Awpxw mMqv bxwaux dI QW, iksy AwdmI jW AOrq nUM aus qoN hox vwly smwjk lwB qoN hI ipAwr krn dw FMg rcdy hn[pRis`D mnoivigAwnI Aqy smwj SwsqrI, AYihk &rwm Anuswr ipAwr ivc mrd qy AOrq iek dUsry nwl ijhVI iekimkqw hwsl krdy hn, ieh swry mnu`KI sbMDW qoN sRySt huMdI hY[10 pwS vI AwpxI mihbUb leI kuJ iesy prkwr dI A`qsUKm Bwvnw nUM zbwn dyx dI koiSS kridAW kihMdw hY:

pr ikMdr bldw jIvn m`Qy lgdw hY

qYQoN ibnW mYN huMdw hI nhIN[ 11

ipAwr qy ivAwh ivc &rk krnw vI ausdI kivqw dI iek SlwGwXog pRwpqI hY[ aus nUM Aihsws hY ik jmwqI smwj ivc ivAwh kYdoAW vloN id`qw iek Aijhw primt hY ijs nUM qusIN aumr Br lok l`jw dI grMtI vjoN cu`kI i&rnw hY[ ijs smwj ivc ivAwh dw AwDwr ‘pYsw’ hovy auQy iksy kuVI dI muh`bq dI rIJ k`cI qMd vwg, smwj dy Aqy ie^lwk dy TykydwrW v`loN hmySw hI qoVI jWdI rhI hY[ Aijhy ivAwh dw swr pwS ny bVy FukvyN ArQW ivc pyS kIqw hY:

muklwvw Asl ivc rIJW dw ipGl ky

mMijAW pIVHIAW buhwrIAW ivc vtxw hY[ 12

aus dw ivcwr hY ik jmwqI smwjk bMDnW dI prvwh nw kridAW, muh`bq dy iekrwr ivc pUirAW auqrnw vI iek prkwr dI sUrmgqI hY[ pwS dI kivqw ipAwr dy AnuBv nUM bhuq hI XQwrQk idRStI qoN pkVn Aqy pyS krn ivc sPl rhI hY[…….rUp qoN vyiKAW , aus dI kivqw ivcoN iqMn prkwr dI kivqw pRwpq huMdI hY[ Ku`lHI kivqw, lYA Aqy qukWq vwlI kivqw Aqy gIq[ swfy ivcwr ivc pwS dI kivqw Bwvk nwloN bOiDk vDyry hY[ auh ies kwrn hI Ku`lHI kivqw ivc Awpxy AnuBv dw sMcwr krn ivc ijMnw sPl hY, gIq dI ivDw rwhIN auh Swied aus prkwr dw SkqI-SwlI prBwv isrjx dy smr`Q nhIN ho sikAw[ aus dy AihswsW dI komlqw nUM Aqy aus dy jzibAW dy kUlypx nUM ‘CMdwbMdI dI nvwbI ju`qI’ dI kYd prvwn nhIN sI[ iesy kwrn aus dI kivqw CMdwbMdI dy pRwpq mwp dMfW Anuswr rcI geI nhIN jwpdI[ ausdI smu`cI kivqw dI prDwn sur vI iesdy sMboDnI hox ivc vyKI jw skdI hY[ auh hr kivqw ivc Awpxy pwTkW nwl vwrqwlwp ivc ru`IJAw prqIq huMdw hY:

muMifE mYN vI kdy quhwfy vrgw sW

in`kIAW corIAW krdw hoieAw vI cor nhIN sW[

BwvyN kuJ ku QwvW auqy aus dw kwivk sMboDn ‘mYN’ Ajy smUh qoN dUr Kloqw mihsUs huMdw hY iesy kwrn hI aus dI kivqw bhuq QwvW auqy pwTkW nUM ‘msIhI’ AMdwz ivc id`qw iek BwSn hI jwpdI hY[ aus dI ieh ivDI keI vwr aus dI rwjnIqk pRqIb`Dqw dy rwh ivc iek roVy vWg rVkx lg pYNdI hY[ ieauN aus dI kivqw rUp p`KoN keI vwr cyqnw dy aus p`Dr auqy ivcrdI prqIq nhIN huMdI ijs p`Dr auqy auh vsqU pRiq cyqn ho ky ivcrdw hY[

ausdI kivqw ivclw ivAMg ieMnw kuV`qx BirAw huMdw hY ik auh iksy SrI& gWDIvwdI dI topI “hvw ivc auCwlx qoN vI guryz nhIN krdw[ aus dy ivAMg dw doDwrw KMfw duSmx nUM dohw pwisAW qoN mwrdw hY[ prMqU aus dy ivAMg dw swr hmySw hI rwjnIqk huMdw hY Aqy ieh iksy bOiDk cqurweI nUM Awpxw AwDwr bxwaux dI QW, iksy ipMf dy hMFy hoey AmlI dI kIqI hoeI gol it`cr vrgw vDyry hY[ aus dw ivAMg suhj nUM qoV qoV ky joVn dI ivDI dw hI dUsrw nW hY”[  “Xu`D Aqy SWqI’ nW dI kivqw ivc swfI gWDIvwdI pwKMfI SwqI dw prdw &wS kridAW auh ilKdw hY:

jW SwqI gWDI dw jWiGAw hY

ijs dIAW qxIAW nUM cwlI kroV bMdy Pwhy lwaux ^wqr

vriqAw jw skdw hY 13

pwS dI kivqw dI ivl`Kx pRwpqI ieh hY ik ieh suhj nUM jIvn dy XQwrQ ivcoN gRihx krdI hoeI kivqw hY[ ieh kivqw mnu`KI jIvn nUM suhjnwqmk BwvnwvW nwloN sRySt smJx vwlI kivqw hY[ ieh kivqw pwTkW dw, ivSyS krky aunHW dy BwvW dw ivrycn krn dI QW aunW dI cyqnw nUM JMjoVdI hY[ aus dI kivqw suhj dy prdy ivc lpytI nINd dI golI nhIN sgoN iek Aijhw KMjr hY jo Fwhux Aqy auswrn dy dvMdwqmkqw nUM swkwr krn dw iek Aihm swDn hY[ aus dI kivqw mnu`K dI suhj Bwvnw aupr mnu`KI jIvn dI ij`q dI kivqw hY[ ausdI kivqw dy ivSlySx qoN bwAd ivc ieh q`Q BlI prkwr spSt ho jWdw hY ik auh prMprw pRiq shI Awlocnwqmk smJ nUM AwpxI rcnw dw AwDwr bxwauNdw hY[ jy vwltr bYNjwimn dy ies kQn nUM s`c mMn leIey ik iksy klw ikrq dI ivl`Kxqw ies q`Q ivc huMdI hY ik aus ikrq dy AwpxI prMprw nwl sbMD ikMny ku fUMGy hn 14 qW inrsMdyh hI pwS dI kivqw pMjwbI prgqIvwdI kwiv Dwrw dI Awm rUp ivc, juJwrvwdI kwiv Dwrw dI ivSyS rUp ivc iek ivl`Kx kwiv pRwpqI vjoN svIkwr kIqI jw skdI hY[ pwS dI kivqw pMjwbI swihq dI prMprw dy qMg Gyry ivcoN bwhr inklidAW bhuq swry kwrnW krky Awpxw sbMD AMdr rwStrI p`Dr dy swihq dI prMprw nwl jw joVdI hY[ idRStI dI ieh ivSwlqw vI pwS dy kwiv AnuBv dI iek bhuq hI swrQk Aqy SlwGwXog pRwpqI hY[

ieh q`Q iksy puStI dw muQwj nhIN ik pwS dI kivqw pyNfU m`D SRyxI Aqy ivSyS krky CotI ikswnI dy jIvn nUM pRqIinD Aqy mOilk rUp ivc pyS krn vwlI kivqw hY[ pMjwb Aqy ^ws krky smu`cy Bwrq dy pRsMg ivc r`K ky vyiKAW, ieh q`Q iDAwn ivc r`iKAw jwxw cwhIdw hY ik proloqwrI krn dI BwrqI prikrAw iek Aijhy pRbMD dI aupj hY ijs ivc ^yqIbwVI Aqy qknwlojI dy ivkws Aqy zmIn dy G`tdy Awkwr kwrx pUMjIvwdI ivkws mwrg Coty ikswnW dI &Oj nUM l`KW dI gxqI ivc mzdUrW ivc bdl irhw hY[ ^yqI bwVI v`loN swfI vsoN dw v`fw ih`sw vyhlw ho ky mzdUr bxidAW Sihr dw rwh AKiqAwr krdw hY prMqU ieQoN dy pUMjIvwdI DnwFW dy munw&y nUM AwDwr bxwaux vwlI snAq, ruzgwrmuKI nw hox kwrx vsoN dy ies v`fy ih`sy nUM Awpxy nwl joVn dy smr`Q nhIN hY[ is`ty vjoN AijhI siQqI ivc mzdUr jmwq iek sMgTq Aqy ienklwbI cyqnw nwl prnweI hoeI ienklwb dI rIVH dI h`fI bxn dI QW Bu`K mrI Aqy kMgwlI dw iSkwr huMidAW iek Awp muhwrI BIV ivc qbdIl ho rhI hY[ ies iksm dI bwhrmu`KI pRisQqI ivc mzdUr jmwq dI AwpxI hI hoNd iksy sMgTq jmwq dw rUp Dwrn nhIN kr skI qW pwS vrgw kvI ies dI AxhoNd ivc mzdur jmwqW dy AnuBv nUM AwpxI kivqw dw vsqU Aqy idRStIkox ikvyN bxw skdw sI[ ieh spSt krn dI loV nhIN ik mwrksvwd Anuswr smwj dIAW smUh jmwqW ivc mzdUr jmwq hI sB qoN ienklwbI jmwq huMdI hY ikauNik ies nwl in`jI jwiedwd dw kohV ies dy h`fW nUM iksy pwisEN vI icMmiVAw nhIN huMdw Aqy ies kol AwpxIAW ZulwmI dIAW zMjIrW nUM guAwaux qoN ibnW swrI duinAW ij`qx leI peI huMdI hY[ ies dy ault CotI ikswnI in`jI jwiedwd dI iek CotI iekweI nwl juVI hox kwrx bwhrmu`KI idRStIkox mzdUr jmwq ijMny ienklwbI nhIN ho skdI[ BwvyN mzdUr Aqy ikswn jmwq dy g`TjoV nUM swry mwrksvwdIAW ny iek Aihm g`TjoV Aqy ienklwb leI ieko iek TIk Aqy ivroD rihq g`TjoV vjoN prvwn kIqw hY[ pwS dI kivqw pVHn qoN bwAd suBwvk hI ieh is`tw inkldw hY ik auh CotI ikswnI dw iek pRqIin`D kvI hY[ aus dy smu`cy kwiv dIAW pRwpqIAW Aqy kmzorIAW nUM iesy jmwq dI aupmw Aqy pRRwpqI dy prsMg ivc r`K ky vyiKAw Aqy smiJAw jwxw cwhIdw hY[

smu`cI prgqIvwdI kwiv prMprw dw punr mulAMkx kridAW kysr isMG kysr ny ies kwiv Dwrw nUM, ies dy guxW doSW smyq pMjwbI dI SromxI kwiv Dwrw vjoN mwnqw prdwn kIqI hY[ 15

rivMdr isMG rvI nY ies kwiv Dwrw nUM ieiqhwsk cyqnwmu`KI’ kwiv Dwrw dw nW dyNidAW, prXogvwdI/ADuink kivqw dy ivroD dy pRsMg ivc ies lihr dy swihqk pRwpqI nUM idRV krvwaux dI iek sPl koiSS kIqI hY[ aunW ny ies lihr nUM prgqIvwdI lihr dw iek AMg mMnidAW, ies nUM aus lihr dw Aglyrw guxwqmk ivkws prvwn kIqw hY[ aunw ny ies lihr dy swihqk Aqy ieiqhwsk Xogdwn nUM ivsiqRq AiDAYn qoN bwAd ies dIAW pRwpqIAW Aqy kmzorIAW smyq ies nUM iek ivl`Kx pRwpqI vjoN s000000000000 Qwpq kIqw hY[ 16 pwS dI smu`cI kivqw  ies kwiv Dwrw dI iek pRqIin`D rcnw hY[ ies idRStIkox qoN hI aus dI kwiv swDnw dI ieh iek mwxXog pRwpqI hY Aqy pMjwbI pwTkW ny ieh mwx pwS nUM b^SidAW, Asl ivc Awpxw hI mwx kIqw hY[

ieh AjIb ieq&wk hY ik ausdy Awpxy kihx Anuswr auh ‘BrwvW’ dy huMidAW mwirAw igAw imrzw hY[ ieh pMjwb dy lokW dy lhU ny juAwb dyxw hY ik mwqm nUM roh ivc bdlidAW, izMdgI dI lVweI nUM, ies dy ieiqhws nUM hor A`gy qorngy[

qU&wnW dy aufwey bIj, mOsm Awaux qy

muV &sl bx ky au`g pYNdy ny………….(jgqwr)

hvwly:

 

  1. swfy simAW ivc, lwhOr bu`k Swp, 17 luiDAwxw, 1978
  2. auhI rcnw, auhI sQwn[
  3. auhI pMnw 66
  4. auhI, pMnw 64
  5. loh kQw, lwhOr bu`k Swp luiDAwxw, 1981, pmnw 36
  6. swfy simAW ivc, pMnw 39
  7. aufdy bwzW mgr, blrwj swhnI Xwdgwr grylU pusqkwlw, 1974, pMnw 74
  8. Aspects of the Novel, Penguin Books, page 57
  9. Economics and Philosophic Manuscripts & of 1844. Progress Publishers Mascow 1974, P 89
  10. Enrich Promm, The Art of Loving, Unwin Paper backs London/1982, P 22
  11. auhI, pMnw 59
  12. auhI, pMnw 52
  13. auhI, pMnw 29
  14. Maynord Solomon, (Ed.) Massism And Art, Harvest Press Ltd. England 1979, P 555
  15. pRgqIvwdI ivcwrDwrw qy pMjwbI kivqw, AwkI pRkwSn cMfIgVH, 1987, pMnw 240
  16. ivrsw Aqy vrqmwn, pMjwb pRkwSn cMfIgVH, 1986(ivsQwr leI vyKo ies pusqk dw lyK: juJwr kwiv Dwrw iek punr mulMkx)

 

—————————————————-

ijaux dI bwdSwhq dw kvI-pwS

 

fw: surjIq isMG B`tI

 

pMjwbI juJwrvwdI kwiv-Dwrw dI isKr dw nW hI ‘pwS’ hY[ ieh kwiv-Dwrw ieiqhwsk idRStI qoN vyiKAW, pRgqIvwdI Aqy pRXogvwdI kwiv-Dwrw dy Aglyry ivkws nUM mUrqImwn krdI hY[ ijQy pRgqIvwdI kwiv-Dwrw ies kwiv Dwrw dy ivkws dw AwDwr bxdI hY auQy pRXogvwdI kwiv Dwrw nwl ies dw irSqw sMvwd dw irSqw nw ho ky ‘pRiqvwd’ dw irSqw hI bx sikAw hY[ pwS dI kivqw dy v`Kry v`Kry pihlUAW bwry bhuq ivdvwnW ny Awpxy ivcwr pyS kIqy hn[ swfy ivcwr ivc pwS dI swih`q Aqy kivqw bwry AwpxI smJ (pwS dI) dy prsMg ivc vI, aus dI kivqw nUM smJy jwx dI loV iek Aihm loV hY[

pwS vwsqy kivqw ilKxw iksy suhj dI isrjxw krnw nhIN sI[ jy jIvn qy kivqw dy AwpsI sMbMDW dI rOSnI ivc pwS dI kivqw dw AiDAn kIqw jwvy qW inrsMdyh auh jIvn nUM pRmu`Kqw idMdw hY[ aus dI kivqw smwj ivc pRcilq, ‘sujvwdI’ idRStIkox nUM burI qrHW r`d hI nhIN krdI sgoN ieh swh-sq hIxy vwk-AfMbr dy ivroD ivc ‘iksy sIrI dy kwly isAwh bu`lHW ijhI rwq dI g`l krn nUM Awpxy nvyN idRStIkox’ vjoN pyS krdI hY[ mOjUdw smwjk pRbMD ivc ijQy mnu`K nUM pSU dI p`Dr auqy ijaux leI mjbUr kIqw jWdw hovy[ ijQy byv`sI, inrwSqw, sMqwp, kMgwlI, Bu`KmrI, h`f-BMnvIN imhnq, izMdgI dy nW J`ly jw skx vwly hzwrW du`KW dw nW hI jIvn hovy[ pwS ieho ijhy jIvn nUM bdln leI AwpxI kivqw nUM iek hiQAwr vjoN vrqx qoN AwpxI Xwqrw AwrMB krdw hY[ ‘cgLy hoey svwdW’ dy ivroD ivc auh izMdgI dy Dur AMdr qIk lih gey ‘du`KW’ dI gwQw nUM hI, AwpxI kivqw vjoN mwnqw dyNdw hY[

myry qoN Aws nw kirE ik mYN ^rgoS vWg

rohIAW dI kUlI mihk nUM poly ijhy suMGW

mYN hr kwsy nUM joqw l`gy hoey bldW dy vWg

KurlI auqy is`Dw ho ky t`kirAw hW[

auprokq kQn qoN ieh is`tw k`Fxw hmwkq hovygI ik pwS suhj dw ivroDI sI jW aus dI kivqw ivc koeI suhj nhIN sI[ suhj bwry vI bwkI swrIAW mwnqwvW vWg aus dw idRStIkox pUrI qrHW jmwqI sI[ auh sucyq ho ky hr aus ivcwr nUM r`d krdw hY ijs dw sMbMD Awm lokW dI izMdgI ivc psry dil`dr nwl hox dI QW, inrol bOiDk klwbwzIAW jW ipMgl dIAW brIkIAW qIk ismt ky rih jWdw hY[ burzUAw swihq-Awlock Aqy klwkwr ij`Qy Awm lokW nUM ‘AnpVH v`g’ jW ‘ByfW dy ie`jV’ vjoN dyKdy hn auQy pwS ny ies’tIrI’ ibrqI dw mzwk aufwauNidAW, ienHW imhnqkS Aqy swdw-idl lokW leI hI AwpxI kivqw nUM isrjx dw sucyq Xqn kIqw hY:

ieh gIq mYN aunHW guMigAW nUM dyxw hY

ijnHW nUM gIqW dI kdr hY

pr ijnHW nUM swfy Bwxy gwauxw nhIN pu`gdw

jy quhwfy kol nhIN hY koeI bol, koeI gIq

mYnUM bkx dyvo mYN kI bkdw hW…..

pRgqIvwdI kivqw jW smu`cy qOr ‘qy pRgqIvwdI swihq dI ieh iek v`fI sm`isAw rhI hY ik ieh swihq m`D-SRyxI dy idKwvw BrpUr ‘pRgqIvwd’ dy Gyry  ivcoN kdy vI Awpxy Awp nUM pUrI qrHW bwhr nhIN k`F sikAw[ swfw swihq lutINdI lokweI dw swihq nhIN bixAw-ieh lutINdy lokW bwry ricAw swihq zrUr mMinAw jw skdw hY[ pwS ny AwpxI kivqw ivc CotI ikswnI, mzdUr, sIrI, idhwVIdwr, nweIAW, drzIAW, AiDAwpkW, bu`DIjIvIAW Awid bwry bVy mOilk idRStIkox qoN iehnHW dI izMdgI dy s`c nUM ibAwinAw hY[ prMqU pwS dI kivqw ivclI bOiDkqw Aqy jitlqw-aus dI rcnw nUM Awm jnqw dI cyqnw dw ih`sw bxn dy rwh ivc bVI v`fI rukwvt hY BwvyN Kud pwS ies p`KoN bhuq sucyq sI[ ieh q`Q pwS dI kivqw dy Gyry dI sImw Aqy pRwpqI dohW q`QW nUM smJx leI bVw zrUrI hY[

kivqw Aqy kvI dy AwpsI sMbvMDW bwry Aqy kvI Aqy Awm lokW nwl  kvI dy irSqy bwry vI  pwS dI smJ bhuq bwhrmuKI sI[ auh ‘kvI’ dI S^sIAq nUM lokW qoN inAwrI jW lokW qoN aupr iksy pYZMbrI pRiqBw vjoN vyKx dw ivroD krdw sI[ auh Swier nUM Awm lokW dy iek ih`sy vjoN vyKy Aqy smJy jwx nUM TIk smJdw sI[ ies pRkwr ij`Qy ‘isrjxwqmk Aml’ ivc pRcilq ArQW ivc iksy ivSyS mUf, sMvydnw jW ivSyS smyN auqy vDyry bl idqw jWdw hY auQy pwS leI izMdgI ivc hMfwieAw kOVw s`c, ies pRbMD dI dirMdgI, krUrqw kTorqw Aqy pwSivkqw hI aus dI kwivk isrjxw Aqy kwiv-sMvydnw’ dy AwDwr bxdy rhy hn[ vwh l`gdI aus ny hr iek im`Q nUM qoiVAw Aqy vrqwirAW dy idsdy s`c qoN A`gy aunHW dy AMdrly s`c q`k phuMcx dI s&l koiSS kIqI hY[ ies sMbMD ivc aus ny burzUAw kvI dy sMklp nUM sQwipq pRbMD dy iek twaUt qoN v`D koeI mwnqw nhIN id`qI[ ies dy nwl hI isrjx-pRikRAw nUM iksy ivl`Kx, dYvI-ikRSmy vjoN vyKx dI QW ies nUM izMdgI dy h`fW auqy hMfwey hoey AnuBv dy pRgtwvy vjoN hI ilAw hY[

   pwS dI kivqw ivc XQwrQ/supnw, pRwpq/ApRwpq, prMprw/nvInqw, BUq/vrqmwn/Biv`K, sQwpqI/ivDroh, Acyq/sucyq, purwxy/nvyN, Bwv/ivcwr Awid sMklpW dI fwielYkits nUM bhuq hI sucyq rUp ivc smJx Aqy pyS krn dI koiSS kIqI geI hY[ kivqw pwS dI idRStI ivc auprokq ivroDW dw smqulx sI[ iksy iek p`K auqy byloVw bl dUjy p`K dI kmzorI dw kwrn bxdw sI[ BwvyN auh Kud dI kivqw dI isrjxw smyN Acyq (sihj) isrjxw nUM soc smJ ky kIqI kwiv-isrjxw nwloN vDyry kwivk Aqy gRihxXog pRvwn krdw sI[ kivqw Aqy rwjnIqI dy sMbMDW ivc aus nUM kvI hox Aqy rwjnIqIvyqw hox dy buinAwdI &rk Aqy dohW ivclI sWJ dw pUrn Aihsws sI[ pwS dI idRStI ieiqhwsk s`c nUM aus dy bwhrmuKI rUp ivc dyKx dy smr`Q sI[ ieh q`Q pwS AwpxI iek mulwkwq dOrwn juJwrvwdI kivqw nUM pRgqIvwdI kwiv-Dwrw dy Aglyry ivkws vjoN mwnqw pRdwn krky idRVH krvwauNdw hY[ pwS dI kivqw jy iek kyNdrI sUqr sQipq krnw hovy qW swfy ivcwr ivc auh ‘ijaux dI bwdSwhq’ dw kvI hY[ aus dI ijaux dI rIJ Awpxy Awp qIk hI sIimq ivAkqImuKI m`DSRyixk rIJ nhIN sI[ auh qW ies DrqI auqy pYdw hoey hr mnu`K leI BwvyN auh iksy dyS, Drm, BwSw, ielwky jW jwq, nsl dw ikauN nw hovy-aus dIAW sMpUrx mnu`KI sMBwvnwvW Anuswr iKV ky ijaux dI locw nUM hI AwpxI kivqw ivc mUrqImwn krdw hY[ ieho kwrx hI hY ik auh ivKwvy dy kRwqIkwrI kvIAW dy ivrOD ivc, ieSk nUM kRWqI dy ivroD ivc r`K ky vyKx dI QW, ieSk nUM izMdgI Aqy kRWqI dohW leI iek zrUrI jzby vjoN pRvwn krdw hY[ pwS pihlw juJwrvwdI kvI hY ijs ny AwpxI kivqw rwhIN ieSk nUM ivAkqI Aqy kRWqI dohW leI iek swrQk mu`l vjoN f`t ky sQwipq kIqw hY[ ieh eysy prsMg ivc hI hY ik lotU pUMjIvwdI pRbMD ivc ijQy mnu`K dI smu`cI S^sIAq nUM ieMnI hIxI, bOxI Aqy ingUxI bxw id`qw hY ik pwS izMdgI dy ies iGnwauxy p`K nUM AwpxI sMvydnSil A`K qoN kdy vI auhly nw kr sikAw[ auh iesy pRsMg ivc ies Axmnu`KI zlwlq nUM pSUAW dI qrHW brdwSq krn dI QW ies ivru`D ‘qIsrw mhWXu`D’ krn dw s`dw idMdw hY[ pwS Anuswr:

qIsrw mhWXu`D ih`kW ‘c Kur rhI

jIx dI bwdSwhq lVygI

qisrw mhWXu`D gohy nwl il`py

koiTAW dI swdgI lVU

qIsrw mhWXu`D

mUq dy PMby ‘c ilptI v`FI geI auNglI lVygI

qIsrw mhWXu`D aus sihm dy iKlw& liVAw jwvygw

ijdHw Aks myrI dMdIAW k`FdI DI dIAW A`KW ‘c hY[

pwS dI kivqw dI iek ivl`Kx pRwpqI ieh hY  ik aus y ivAkqIgq pRwpqI Aqy sQwpqI (PokI vwh vwh Aqy lok pRvwngI) dohw dI QW kivqw nUM iek mnorQ BrpUr kMm vjoN sQwpq kIqw[ ies qoN vI   v`D aus ny AwpxI sMvydnSilqw nwl pRqIb`Dqw nUM brkrwr r`KidAW inrol ‘irzk qrwSI’ vjoN kivqw nUM vrqy jwx dy ivcwr nUM burI qrHW r`d kIqw hY[ auh smJdw sI ik kivqw ilKxw ku`qI dw sUAw nhIN hY[ ieauN smu`cy rUp ivc kvI, kivqw, lok, suhj, prmprw, kwiv-BwSw, suhj-Swsq, isrjx pRikRAw swihq dI vsqU, rUp, rwjnIqI, ivcwrDwrw Aqy sQwpqI pRqI pwS dw rv`EIAw iek vyly mOilk, bwhrmuKI, lok p`KI, ivdrohI Aqy sucyq sI[

jdoN AsIN pwS dI kivqw ivc sQwpqI Aqy ivdroh dI gqISilqw nUM pCwxdy hW qW ieh svwl swfy swhmxy auBrvyN rUp ivc pyS huMdw hY ik kI Buq ivc isrijAw ieiqhws, imiQhws, rwjnIqI, dyS, siBAwcwr, ivrsw, lok-giq, lok rUVHIAW, lok-ivSvws, rwj,Drm, rwjnIqk pwrtIAW, Awid swrw kuJ iqAwgxXog hY jW giRhxXOg[ ies sMbMD ivc pwS dI kivqw ivc ies ivroD dI sm`isAw nUM qkrIbn swry pihlUAW qoN pyS kIqw igAw hY[ ieQy AsIN do mh`qvpUrx nukqy, swfw swihqk/siBAwcwrk ivrsw Aqy rwjnIqI pRqI pwS dI smJ dI GOK krn dw Xqn krWgy[ pwS ny purwxIAW im`QW BwvyN auh ikrq, Drm, r`b, rwjnIqI,suhj SwsqR, siBAwcwr, ieiqhws Aqy imiQhws Awid iksy vI ^yqr nwl juVIAW hoeIAW sn, auqy krwrI s`t mwrI hY[ aus ny purwxI sQwipq mirAwdw nUM qoVidAWsQwpqI dy hr pihlU nUM jmwqI idRStIkox qoN vyKy jwx dI BrpUr loV nUM idRVH krvwieAw hY[ pwS ny Kud iek mulwkwq ivc ieh g“`l pRvwn kIqI hY ik im`Q qoVn dI ies pRikRAw ivc auh sucyq nhIN sI[ prMqU iPr vI aus nUM qoVy jwx dI zrUrq qoN auh bymu`K nhIN huMdw[ nwl dy nwl hI ieh q`Q iDAwn ivc r`Kx dI loV hY ik iksy sQwpqI nUM ‘qoVnw’ jW qoV dyxw A`Dw kwrj hY jw ADUrI g`l hY[ ijMnW icr aus qoVI geI sQwpqI dy ivroD ivc kuJ nvW nw isrijAw jwvy[ pwS ny iek ienklwbI kvI vjoN AwpxI ies BUimkw nUm inBw ky kvI hox dy nwl-nwl Awpxy AMdrly iek gMBIr smwj-icMqk nUM vI swfy swhmxy ilAWdw hY[ aus ny purwxy nUM BMnx dy nwl-nwl nvyN dI isrjxw vI kIqI hY[

swfy lok gIqW Aqy ik`sw-kwiv ivc izMdgI pRqI ijs iksm dy rumWitk idRStIkox Aqyy rMgInI nUM pyS kIqw igAw hY, pwS ies rMgInI auhly pl rhy izMdgI dy aus ‘suhj’ Aqy ‘inrwQkqw’ nUM swfy swhmxy ilAw Drdw hY, ijs nwl lok-gIqW pRqI swfI iek ivSyS moh-BrI pRivrqI iek Jtky nwl tu`t jWdI hY[ ‘CMnI’, icVIAW dw cMbw’,  klwm imrzw, vwlIAW kivqwvW ivc swfy lok-ivrsy pRqI ijvyN (Gwh vrgy bMdy dI dwsqwn) pwS swfy moh-BMg krdw hY, aus dw kwivk AMdwz izMdgI dI AslI qsvIr nUM swfy swhmxy nMigAW krky r`K idMdw hY[ ‘bwbl’ Sbd pRqI prmprwgq moh dy XQwrQ nUM pwS ieauN qoVdw hY:

bwbl qW foly nUM qor ky

a`u~KVy bUhy nUM ie`tW lvweygw

qy gu`fIAW pwV ky

psIny nwl gLy hoey kuVqy auqy twkI lvweygw[

iesy qrHW dy kOVy s`c nUM auh ‘klwm imrzw’ ieh pyS kridAW ^dSw zwihr krdw hY ik swihbW dI qrHW AwpxI mihbUb nUM auDwlx qoN pihlW hI Swied aus nUM rotI auDwl lvy Aqy auh jMf dI QW jwgidAW hI iksy kursI dy Q`ly v`F id`qw jwvy[ ijQy swfw ik`sw-kwiv Aqy swfy lok-gIq izMdgI Aqy mnu`KI irSiqAW dw iek Aijhw ibMb isrjdy hn ijs ivc izMdgI hr p`KoN suKwvIN, BrpUr Aqy ijauxXog hI nzr nhIN AwauNdI sgoN bVI rMgIn vI jwpdI hY[ auQy pwS ies dMB qoN prdw lwhuMidAW ies rMgInI dy ip`Cy CupI kuV`qx Aqy mnu`KI S^sIAq dy mihz ‘iF`f’ qIk Gt jwx dy vrqwry nUM ApxI klm dI nok hyT ilAwauNdw hY[

Drm Aqy smwj ivc pRvwnXog Aqy piv`qr smJy jWdy mu`lW pRqI vI aus dw idRStIkox jmwqI Aqy im`Q-BMjk hI hY[ pwS nUM ieh Aihsws sI ik Drm ijs idRStIkox qoN mnu`KI jUn nUM ‘auqm jUn’ kihMdw hY-ieh swfy vrqmwn dw s`c nhIN[ smu`cy sMswr ivc hI mnu`K nUM ‘auqm’ smJy jwx dI im`Q auqy aus dw ikmqU bhuq swrQk hY[ pwS AwpxI kivqw ‘aumr’ ivc ilKdw hY:

bMdy dw vI koeI jIx hY

AwpxI aumr kW jW s`p nUM b^SIS dy idE[

iesy pRsMg ivc auh AwpxI kivqw ‘KUh’ Aqy ‘Drm-dIkSw leI ibnY-p`qr’ ivc Drm dy mwnv-ivroDI Aqy ipCwKVI rol nUM swfy swhmxy aus dy nMgy rUp ivc pyS krdw hY[ aus dw S`k s`c hI sI ik r`b dI rihmq iksy dwxw mMfI ivc pey ‘mws dy loQVy’ (AwVHqI) Aqy r`txW Bry kwmy h`QW auqy kdy vI ieko ijhI nhIN huMdI[ ‘KUh’ kivqw ivclw ‘hnyHrw’ pRqIk rUp ivc hr aus AgWhvDU soc dw kwql hY ijs ny smu`cI mnu`Kqw dI izMdgI nUM ^UbsUrq bxwaux dI koiSS krnI hY[ vrqmwn dOr ivc Drm dy nW qy jo kuJ pMjwb ivc vwpr irhw hY pwS dI kivqw ivc ies dihSq Aqy inrdoS mnu`Kqw dy kql dw Aihsws bVw fUMGw hY[ ijQ pwS ieiqhwsk qOr ‘qy is`K Drm dy buinAwdI rol nUM pRvwn krdw hY auQy lutyrIAW jmwqW h`QoN ies nUM lok-ivroDI hiQAwr vjoN vrqy jwx nUM vI nzr AMdwz nhIN krdw[

lok mn ivc dyS, dyS-BgqI, kOmI AKMfqw, lokqMqr (vot dI rwjnIqI) komI nyqw, kOmI ivrsw, rwjnIqI, ivcwrDwrw, rwjnIqk pwrtIAW Aqy K`bI lihr pRqI ijs pRkwr dw nkSw bixAw hoieAw hY, pwS aus nkSy auqy vI kwtI mwr idMdw hY[ aus dI kivqw pVH ky aus dy AMqrrwStrIvwd nUM slwhy ibnW nhIN irhw jw skdw[ aus leI Awpxy lokW nUM ipAwr krnw duSmx dyS dw eyjMt hoxw hY[ aus leI pwiksqwn, bMglwdyS, lMkw Awid kyvl gvWFI jW duSmx dyS nhIN sgoN ienHW dySW dy imhnqkS lok Aqy BwrqI lokW dy du`K/drd/QuVW sWJIAW hn[ auh iesy pRsMg ivc hI lMkw ivcly ienklwbIAW nUM lVweI jwrI r`Kx Aqy Aihmd slIm nUM Apxy lokW v`loN ip`T Pyr ky hwkm jmwqW (XwhIAw ^wn hovy jW ieMdrw) dw h`Q Tokw bxn qoN sucyq krdw hY[ aus nUM ‘dyS’ dw sMklp vI lutyirAW Aqy lu`ty jwx vwilAW dI DrqI vjoN hI nzr AwauNdw hY[ auh dyS dy ivrsy, ieiqhws, imiQhws, siBAwcwr Aqy smwjk mu`lW dy FWcy nUM ‘imhnqkS lokW’ dy ijaux dI rIJ auqy Acyq hI Qopy gey murdw sMskwrW qoN ibnW kuJ nhIN smJdw[ ies sMbMD ivc sB qoN tuMbx vwlI g`l qW ieh hY ik auh swfy AKOqI K`by-p`KIAW dy ienklwbI rol auqy auNglI DridAW aunHW dI pwxIauN pqlI hwlq nUM vI swfy swhmxy nMigAW krdw hY:

qusIN ik`krW dy bIA ho?

jW tu`itAw hoieAw tokrw

jo kuJ vI cu`kx qoN AsmrQ hY

 

iesy pRsMg ivc kRWqI bwry, kRWqI ilAwaux dI pRikRAw bwry vI auh bVw XQwrQk hY[ aus dw i^Awl hY ik kRWqI koeI Aijhw ‘prym-p`qr’ nhIN jo kbUqr ilAw skx[ ieh qW ivroDI jmwqW dw iek ^UM^wr ByV hY[ krWqI qW mrnw Aqy mwrnw hY[ ieh koeI sihj krm nhIN[ iesy pRsmg ivc hI aus dI kivqw ‘Xu`D Aqy SWqI’ vI ivSyS iDAwn dI mMg krdI hY[ pwS dw ivcwr hY ik ‘SWqI’ dI Jwk kridAW AsIN izMdgI dI qWG hI guAw bYTy hW[ iesy pRsMg ivc auh ‘SWqI’ dy ivroD ivc ‘Xu`D’ dw Alm brdwr bxdw hY[ ienklwb leI lVI jwx vwlI jMg nUM auh,      ‘qIsrw mhWXu`D’ kihMdw hY jo lutyry swmrwjIAW ivc nhIN sgoN imhnqkS jmwq Aqy lutyirAW ivckwr iek &Yslwkun Xu`D vjoN liVAw jwvygw[ pwS Anuswr izMdgI dI bybsI Aqy dir`drqw  nUM SWqI dy nW hyT prvwn krI jwxw TIk nhIN[ iesy leI Xu`D dI loV nUM pwS ieauN mihsUs krdw hY:

‘Xu`D swfIAW bIvIAW dy QxW AMdr

du`D bx ky auqrygw

Xu`D bu`FI mW leI ingwh dI AYnk bxygw

Xu`D swifAW v`ifAW dIAW kbrW auqy

Pu`l bx ky iKVygw[

pwS dI ivqw suhj dy ivroD ivc jIvn, SWqI dy ivroD ivc Xu`D, sQwpqI dy ivroD ivc ivdroh, prmprw dy ivroD ivc nvInqw, pwSivkqw dy ivroD ivc mwnvqw Aqy Bwvkqw dy ivroD ivc sMvydnSIlqw/TrMmy nUM Awpxy v`Kry v`KLry rMgW ivc pyS krdI hY[ isDWq Aqy Aml dI eykqw dw jo pRgtwvw pwS izMdgI ivc pRwpq huMdw hY[ ieh eykqw aus dI kivqw  dy A`Kr A`Kr ivcoN JlkdI hY[ pwS dI ShIdI izMdgI dIAW aunHW koJIAW pirsiQqIAW nUM bdly jwx dI ie`k Axbu`J ipAws dw is`tw hY[ BUq nUM sMpUrn krn ivc nkwrn qoN ibnW, inrol Biv`K ivc klpnw dI p~Dr auqy ijaux dI QW pwS dI kivqw mnu`K nUM Awpxy Axmnu`KI vrqmwn dy rUbrU hox Aqy ies nUM bdlx dI sUJ Aqwy syD pRdwn krdI hy[ swihq nUM inry suhjwqmk AwnMd dI jmwqI dldl ‘coN k`FidAW pwS ny kwiv-suhj nUM kroVW lokW dI izMdgI dy du`KW nwl joVn dI ie`k sucyq koiSS kIqI hY ijhVy hmySw aus dy ipAwr, siqkwr Aqy hmdrdI dy ieko iek pwqr khy jw skdy hn[ auh swrw kuJ s`cIN mu`cIN dw cwhuMdw sI[ pwsqovskI dy ieh Sbd, ‘swfI klm dw &rz hY ik auh suh`px, ^uSI dI Bwl, AwxwdI dw ibAwn kry, hnyHry nUM Gtwvy qy kdy nw fu`bx vwly sUrj vwg cmky[ pwS dI SwierI nUM mwnx qoN bwAd hor vI s`cy Aqy gUVHy rUp ivc swkwr huMdy nzr AwauNdy hn[ aus dI kivqw pVHn qoN bwAd ieh Aihsws hor vI fUMGw ho jWdw hY ik auh ‘s`cIN mu`cIN’ dw Aqy ‘s`cIN mu`cIN’ dy lokW dw Swier sI[ aus dI ieh rIJ ik AwdmI nUM ‘gol pYsy dI glI’ ‘coN vyKxw bMd kIqw jwvy Ajy swfy swirAW leI iek svwl hY:

myry kol koeI ichrw

sMboDn koeI nhIN

DrqI dw J`lw ieSk Swied myrw hY

qy qwhIEN jwpdY

mYN hr cIz auqoN hvw vWg srsrw ky lMG jwvWgw

s`jxoN

myry lMg jwx qoN mgroN vI

myry i&kr dI bWh PVI r`KxI[

————————————————————

 

pwS dI kivqw : sQwpqI Aqy ivdroh

fw. surjIq isMG B`tI

 

 

pMjwbI juJwrvwdI kwiv-Dwrw dI is^r dw nW hI pwS hY[ ieh kwiv-Dwrw ieiqhwsk idRStI qoN vyiKAW, pRgqIvwdI qy pRXogvwdI kwiv-Dwrw dy Aglyry ivkws nUM mUrqImwn krdI hY[ ij`Qy pRgqIvwdI kwiv-Dwrw ies kwiv-Dwrw dy ivkws dw AwDwr bxdI hy, auQy pRXogvwdI kwiv-Dwrw nwl iesdw irSqw ‘sMvwd’ dw irSqw nw ho ky ‘pRiqvwd’ dw irSqw hI bx sikAw hY [ pwS dI kivqw dy v`Kry v`Kry pihlUAW bwry bhuq ividvwnW ny Awpxy ivcwr pyS kIqy hn[ swfy ivcwr ivc pwS dI swihq Aqy kivqw bwry AwpxI smJ (pwS dI) dy pRsMg ivc vI aus nUM smJy jwx dI loV hy[

pwS leI kivqw ilKxw iksy suhj dI isrjxw krnw nhIN sI[ jy jIvn Aqy kivqw dy AwpsI sMbMDW dI roSnI ivc pwS dI kivqw dw AiDAYn kIqw jwvy qW inrsMdyh auh jIvn nUM pRmu`Kqw idMdw hY[ aus dI kivqw smwj ivc pRcilq suhjvwdI idRStIkox nUM burI qrHW r`d hI nhIN krdI sgoN ies swh-sq hIxy vwk-AwfMbr dy ivroD ivc iksy sIrI dy kwly Swh bu`lHW ijhI rwq dI g`l krn nUM Awpxy nvyN idRStIkox vjoN pyS krdI hY[ mOjUdw smwjk pRbMD ivc ij`Qy mnu`K nUM pSU dI p`Dr auqy ijaux leI mjbUr kIqw jWdw hovy[ ij`Qy byvsI, inrwsqw, sMqwp, kMgwlI, Bu`KmrI, h`f-BMnHvIN imhnq, izMdgI dy nw J`ly jw skx vwly hzwrW du`KW dw nw hI jIvn hovy[ pwS ieho jhy jIvn nUM bdlx leI AwpxI kivqw nUM iek hiQAwr vjoN vrqx qoN AwpxI Xqrw AwrMB krdw hY[ ‘cgly hoey svwdW’ dy ivroD ivc auh izMdgI dy Dur AMdr qIk lih gey ‘du`K’ dI gwQw nUM hI, AwpxI kivqw vjoN mwnqw idMdw hY:-

myry qoN Aws nw kirE ik mYN ^rgoS vWg

rohIAW dI kUlI mihk nUM poly ijhy suMGW

mYN hr kwsy nUM joqw l`gy hoey bldW dy vWg

KurlI au`qy is`Dw ho ky t`kirAw hW

auprokq kQn qoN ieh is`tw k`Fxw hmwkq hovygI ik pwS suhj dw ivroDI sI jW aus dI kivqw ivc koeI suhj nhIN sI[ suhj bwry vI bwkI swrIAW mwnqwvW vWg aus dw idRStIkox pUrI qrHW jmwqI sI[ auh sucyq ho ky hr aus ivcwr nUM r`d krdw hY ijs dw sMbMD Awm-lokW dI izMdgI ivc psry dil`dr dI QW, inrol bOiDk klwbwzIAW jW ipMgl dIAW bwrIkIAW qIk ismt ky rih jWdw hY[ burjuAw swihq Awlock Aqy klwkwr ij`Qy Awm lokW nUM AnpVH v`gW jW ByfW dy ie`jVW vjoN vyKdy hn[ au`Qy pwS ny ies ‘tIrI’ ibrqI dw mzwk aufWidAW, ienHW kroVW imhnqkS Aqy swdw idl lokW leI hI AwpxI kivqw nUM isrjx dw sucyq jqn kIqw hY:

ieh gIq mYN aunHW guMigAW nUM dyxw hY

ijnHW nUM gIqW dI kdr hY

pr ijnHW nUM quhwfy Bwxy gwauNxw nhIN pu`gdw

jy quhwfy kol nhIN hY koeI bol, koeI gIq

mYnUM bkx dyvo mYN kI bkdw hW[2

pRgqIvwdI kivqw jW smu`cy qOr ‘qy pRgqIvwdI swihq dI ieh iek bVI v`fI sm`isAw rhI hY ik ieh swihq m`D-SRyxI dy idKwvw BrpUr pRgqIvwdW dy Gyry ivcoN kdy vI Awpxy Awp nUM pUrI qrHW bwhr  nhIN k`F sikAw[ swfw swihq lutINdy lokW dw swihq nhIN bixAw, ieh lutINdy lokW bwry ricAw swihq mMinAW jW skdw hY[ pwS ny AwpxI kivqw ivc CotI ikswnI, mzdUr, sIrI, idhwVIdwr, nweIAW, drzIAW, AiDAwpkW , bu`DIjIvIAW Awid bwry bVy mOilk idRStIkox qoN ienHW dI izMdgI dy s`c nUM ibAwinAw hY[ prMqU pwS dI kivqw ivclI bOiDkqw Aqy jitlqw aus dI rcnw nUM Awm jnqw dI cyqnW dw ih`sw bxn dy rwh ivc bVI v`fI rukwvt hY BwvyN ^ud pwS ies p`KoN bhuq sucyq sI [ pyNfU izMdgI dy romWs BrpUr ibMb nUM qoVidAW pwS ny izMdgI dy XQwrQ nUM ies dI sMpUrx kuV`qx Aqy kTorqw ivc pyS kIqw hY[ ieh q`Q pwS dI kivqw dy Gyry dI sImw Aqy pRwpqI dohW q`QW nUM smJx leI bVw zrUrI hY[

kivqw Aqy kvI dy AwpsI sMbMDW bwry Aqy kvI Aqy Awm lokW nwl kvI dy irSqy bwry vI pwS dI AwpxI smJ bhuq bwhr muKI sI [ auh kvI dI S^sIAq nUM lokW qoN inAwrI jW lokW ‘qy aupr iksy pYZMbrI pRiqBw vjoN vyKx dw ivroD krdw sI[ auh Swier nUM Awm lokW dy iek ih`sy vjoN vyKy Aqy smJy jwx nUM TIk smJdw sI[ ies pRkwr ij`Qy isrjxwqmk Aml ivc pRcilq ArQW ivc iksy ivSyS mUf, sMvydnw jW ivSyS smyN auqy  vDyry bl id`qw jWdw hY auQy pwS leI izMdgI ivc hMFwieAw kOVw s`c, ies pRbMD dI dirMdgI, krUrqw, kTorqw Aqy pwS dI vwsqivkqw hI, aus dI kwivk isrjxw Aqy kwiv-sMvydnw dy AwDwr bxdy rhy hn[ vwh lgdI aus ny hr iek im`Q nUM qoiVAw Aqy vrqwirAW dy idsdy s`c dy A`gy aunHW dy AMdrly s`c qIk phuMcx sI sPl koiSS kIqI hY[ ies sMbMD ivc aus ny burjuAw kvI dy sMklp nUM sQwipq pRbMD dy iek twaUt qoN v`D koeI mwnqw nhIN id`qI[ ies dy nwl hI isrjx-pRikirAw nUM iksy ivl`Kx , dYvI-iksm vjoN vyKx dI QW ies nUM izMdgI dy h`fW au`qy hMFwey hoey AnuBv dy pRgtwvy vjoN ilAw hY[

pwS dI kivqw ivc XQwrQ/supnw,/pRwpq/ApRwpq, prMprw/nvInqw, Buq/vrqmwn/BivK, sQwpqI/ivdroh, Acyq/sucyq, purwxy/nvyN, Bwv/ivcwr, Awid sMklpW dI fwielYkitks nUM bhuq hI sucyq rUp ivc smJx ‘qy pyS krn dI koiSs kIqI geI hY[ kivqw pwS dI idRStI ivc auprokq ivroDW dw sMqulx sI[ kivqw Aqy rwjnIqI dy sMbMDW ivc aus nUM kvI hox Aqy rwjnIqIvyqw hox dy buinAwdI &rk Aqy dohW ivclI sWJ dw pUrn Aihsws sI[ pwS dI idRStI ieiqhwsk s`c nUM aus dy bwhrmuKI rUp ivc dyKx dy smr`Q sI[ ieh q`Q pwS AwpxI iek mulwkwq dOrwn juJwrvwdI kivqw nUM pRgqIvwdI kwiv-Dwrw dy Aglyry ivkws vjoN mwnqw pRdwn krky idRV krvwauNdw hY[ pwS dI kivqw dw jy iek kyNdrI sUqr sQwipq krnw hovy qW swfy ivcwr ivc auh,’jIvn dI bwdSwhq’ dw kvI hY[ aus dI jIx dI rIJ Awpxy Awp qIk hI sIimq ivAkqImuKI m`D-SRyixk rIJ nhIN sI[ auh qW ies DrqI aupr pYdw hoey hr mnu`K leI-BwvyN auh iksy vI dyS, Drm, BwSw, ielwky dI jwq jW nsl dw ikauN nw hovy aus dIAW sMpUrn mnu`KI sMBwvnwvW Anuswr iKV ky ijaux dI locw nUM hI AwpxI kivqw ivc mUrqImwn krdw hY[ iesy kwrn hI hY ik auh ivKwvy dy kRWqIkwrI kvIAW dy ivroD ivc r`K ky vyKx dI QW, ieSk nUM izMdgI Aqy kRWqI dohW leI iek zrUrI jzby vjoN pRvwn krdw hY[ pwS pihlw juJwrvwdI kvI hY ijs ny AwpxI kivqw rwhIN ieSk nUM ivAkqI Aqy kRWqI dohW leI iek swrQk mu`l vjoN ft ky sQwipq kIqw hY[ ieh ies pRsMg ivc hI hY ik lotU pUMjIvwdI pRbMD ivc ij`Qy mnu`K dI smu`cI S^sIAq nUM ie~nI hIxI, bOxI Aqy ingUxI bxw id`qw hY ik pwS izMdgI dy ies iGnOxy p`K nUM AwpxI sMvydnSIl A`K qoN kdy vI auhly nw kr sikAw[ auh ies pRsMg ivc ies Axmnu`KI zlwlq nUM pSUAW dI qrHW brdwSq krn dI QW ies ivru`D ‘qIsrw mhW Xu`D’ krn dw s`dw idMdw hY[ pwS Anuswr :

qIsrw mhW Xu`D ih`kW ‘c Kur rhI

jIx dI bwdSwhq lVygI

qIsrw mhW Xu`D gohy nwl il`py

koiTAW dI swdgI lVU

qIsrw mhWXu`D

mUq dy PMby ‘c ilptI v`FI geI auNglI lVygI

qIsrw mhW Xu`D aus sihm dy i^lw& liVAw jwvygw

ijdHw Aks myrI dMdIAW k`FdI DI dIAW A`KW ‘c hY5

pwS dI kivqw dI iek ivl`Kx pRwpqI ieh hY ik aus ny ivAkqIgq pRwpqI Aqy sQwpqI (PokI vwh vwh Aqy lok pRvwngI), dohW dI QW kivqw nUM iek mnorQ BrpUr kMm vjoN sQwipq kIqw[ iesqoN vI v`D aus ny AwpxI sMvydnSIlqw nwl pRiqb`Dqw nUM brkrwr r`KidAW inrol ‘irzk qrwSI’ vjoN kivqw nUM vrqy jwx dy ivckwr nUM burI qrHW r`d kIqw hY[ auh smJdw sI ik kivqw ilKxw ku`qI dw sUAw nhIN hY[ ieauN smu`cy rUp ivc kvI, kivqw, lok, suhj, prMprw, kwiv-BwSw, suhj-Swsqr, swihq dI vsqU, rUp, rwjnIqI, ivcwrDwrw Aqy sQwpqI pRiq pwS dw rv`eiAw ieko vyly mOilk, bwhrmuKI  lok-p`KI Aqy sucyq sI[

jd AsIN pwS dI kivqw ivc sQwpqI Aqy ivdroh dy irSqy dI gqISIlqw nUM pCwxdy hW qW ieh svwl swfy swhmxy auBrvyN rUp ivc pyS huMdw hY ik Buq ivc isrijAw ieiqhws, imiQhws, rwjnIqI, dyS, siBAwcwr, ivrsw, lok-gIq, lok-rUVHIAW, lok-ivSvws, rwj, Drm, rwjnIqk pwrtIAW, Awid swrw kuJ iqAwgxXog hY jW gRihxXog[ ies sMbMD ivc pwS dI kivqw ivc ies ivroD dI sm`isAw nUM qkrIbn swry pihlUAW qoN pyS kIqw igAw hY[ ie`Qy AsIN do mh`qvpUrn nukqy, swfw swihqk/siBAwcwr, ivrsw Aqy swfI rwjnIqI pRiq-pwS dI GoK krn dw Xqn krWgy[ pwS nUM purwxIAW im`QW BwvyN auh ikrq, Drm, r`b, rwjnIqI, suhj-Swsqr, siBAAwcwr, ieiqhws Aqy imiQhws Awid iksy vI Kyqr nwl juVIAW hoeIAW sn, auqy krwrI s`t mwrI hY[ aus ny purwxI sQwipq mirAwdw nUM qoVidAW sQwpqI dy hr pihlU nUM jmwqI idRStIkox qoN vyKy jwx dI BrpUr loV nUM idRV krvwieAw hY[ pwS ny ^ud iek mulwkwq ivc ieh g`l pRvwn kIqI hY ik im`Q qoVn dI ies pRikirAw ivc auh sucyq nhIN sI[ prMqU iPr vI ies nUM qoVy jwx dI zrUrq qoN auh bymu`K nhIN huMdw[ ies dy nwl hI ieh q`Q iDAwn ivc r`Kx dI loV hY ik iksy sQwpqI nUM ‘BMnx’ jW qoV dyxw A`Dw kwrj hY jW ADUrI g`l hY[ ijMnW icr aus qoVI geI sQwpqI dy ivroD ivc kuJ nvW nW isrijAw jwvy[ pwS ny iek ienklwbI kvI vjoN AwpxI ies Buimkw nUM inBw ky kvI hox dy nwl nwl Awpxy AMdrly iek gMBIr smwj-icMqk nUM vI swfy swhmxy ilAWdw hY[ aus ny purwxy nUM BMnHx dy nwl nwl nvyN dI isrjxw vI kIqI hY[

swfy lok gIqW Aqy ik`sw-kwiv ivc izMdgI pRiq ijs iksm dy romWitk idRStIkox Aqy rMgInI nUM pyS kIqw igAw hY, pwS ies rMgInI Ehly pl rhy izMdgI dy aus ‘kuhj’ Aqy ‘inrrQkqw’ nUM swfy swhmxy ilAw Drdw hY, ijs nwl lok-gIqW pRiq swfI iek ivSyS moh BrI pRivrqI iek Jtky nwl tu`t jWdI hY[ ‘CMnI’, ‘icVIAW dw cMbw’, klwm imrzw’vwlIAW kivqwvW ivc swfy lok-ivrsy pRiq ijvyN (Gwh vrgy bMdy dI dwsqwn) pwS swfw moh BMg krdw hY[ aus dw kwivk-AMdwz izMdgI dI AslI qsvIr nUM swfy swhmxy nMigAW krky r`K idMdw hY[ ‘bwbl’ Sbd pRiq prMprwgq moh dy XQwrQ nUM pwS ieauN qoVdw hY :

bwbl qW foly nUM qor ky

au`KVy bUhy nUM ie`tW lvweygw

qy gu`fIAW pwV ky

psIny nwl gly hoey kuVqy auqy twkI sIvweygw8

iesy qrHW dy kOVy s`c nUM auh ‘klwm imrzw’ ivc pyS kridAW ^dSw zwihr krdw hY ik swihbW dI qrHW AwpxI mihbUbw nUM auDwlx qoN pihlW hI Swied aus nUM rotI auDwl lvy Aqy auh jMf dI QW jwgidAW hI iksy kursI dy Q`ly v`F id`qw jwvy[ ijQy swfw ik`sw-kwiv Aqy swfy lok-gIq izMdgI Aqy mnu`KI irSiqAW dw iek Aijhw ibMb isrjdy hn ijs ivc hr p`KoN suKwvIN, BrpUr Aqy ijaux Xog izMdgI nzr hI nhIN AwauNdI, sgoN bVI rMgIn vI jwpdI hY[ auQy pwS ies dOr qoN prdw lwhuMidAW ies rMgInI dy ip`Cy CupI kuV`qx Aqy mnu`KI S^sIAq dy mihz ‘iF`fW’ qIk Gt jwx dy vrqwry nUM AwpxI klm dI nok hyT ilAwauNdw hY[

Drm Aqy smwj ivc pRvwnXog Aqy piv`qr smJy jWdy mu`l pRiq vI aus dw idRStIkox jmwqI Aqy im`Q-BMjk hI hY[ pwS nUM ieh Aihsws sI ik Drm ijs idRStIkox qy mnu`KW nUM ‘au~qm jUn’ kihMdw hY-ieh swfy vrqmwn dw s`c nhI[ pwS AwpxI kivqw ‘aumr’ ivc ilKdw hY :

bMdy dw vI koeI jIx hY

AwpxI aumr kW jW s`p nUM b^SIS dy idE

ies pRsMg ivc auh AwpxI kivqw ‘KUh’ Aqy ‘Drm dIkSw leI ibnY-p`qr’ ivc Drm dy mwnv-ivroDI Aqy ipCwKVI rol nUM swfy swhmxy ausdy nMgy rUp ivc pyS krdw hY[ aus dw S`k s`c hI sI ik r`b dI rihmq iksy dwxw-mMfI ivc peyy ‘mwl dy loQVy’ (AwVHqI) Aqy r`txW Bry kwmy h`QW au~qy kdy vI ieko ijhI nhIN huMdI[ ‘Kuh” kivqw ivclw hnHyrw pRqIk rUp ivc hr aus AgWhvDU soc dw kwql hY ijs ny smu`cI mnu`Kqw dI izMdgI nUM ^UbsUrq dI koiSS krnI hy[ vrqmwn dOr ivc Drm dy nW ‘qy jo kuJ pMjwb ivc vwpr irhw hY pwS dI kivqw ivc ies dihSq Aqy inrdoS mnu`Kqw dy kql dw Aihsws bVw fUMGw hY[ ij`Qy pwS ieiqhwsk qOr ‘qy is`K Drm dy ienklwbI rol nUM pRvwn krdw hY au`Qy lutyrIAW jmwqW h`QoN ies nUM lok-ivroDI hiQAwr vjoN vrqy jwx nUM vI nzr AMdwz nhIN krdw[

lok-mn ivc dyS, dyS-BgqI, kOmI AKMfqw, lokqMqr (vot dI rwjnIqI) kOmI nyqw, kOmI ivrsw, rwjnIqI, ivcwrDwrw, rwjnIqk pwrtIAW Aqy K`bI lihr pRiq ijs pRkwr dw nkSw bixAw hY, pwS aus nkqy au~qy vI kwtw mwr idMdw hY[ aus dI kivqw pVH ky aus dy AmqrrwStrIvwd nUM slwhy ibnW nhIN irhw jw skdw hY[ aus leI Awpxy lokW nUM ipAwr krnw-duSmx dyS dy eyjMt hoxw hY[ aus leI pwiksqwn, bMglwdyS, sRIlMkw Awid kyvl guAWFI jW duSmx dyS nhIN sgoN ienHW dySW dy imhnqkS lok Aqy BwrqI lokW dy du`K/drd QuVW sWJIAW hn[ auh iesy pRsMg ivc hI lokW ivcly , ienklwbIAW nUM lVweI jwrI r`Kx Aqy Awpxy lokW vloN ip`T Pyr ky hwkm jmwqW dw h`Q-Tokw bxn qoN sucyq krdw hY[ aus nUM ‘dySW’ dw sMklp vI lutyirAW Aqy lu`ty jwx vwilAW dI DrqI vjoN hI nzr AwauNdw hY[ auh dyS dy ivrsy, ieiqhws, imiQhws , siBAwcwr Aqy smwjk mu`lW dy Fwcy nUM ‘imhnqkS lokW dy ijaUx dI rIJ auqy Acyq hI Qopy gey murdw sMskwrW qoN ibnW kuJ vI nhIN smJdw[ ies sMbMD ivc sB qoN tuMbx vwlI g`l qW ieh hY ik auh swfy AKwauqI K`by-p`KIAW dy ienklwbI rol auqy auNglI DridAW aunHW dI pwxIauN pqlI hwlq nUM vI swfy swhmxy nMigAW krdw hY :

qusIN ik`krW dy bIA ho ?

jW tu`itAw hoieAw tokrw

jo kuJ vI cu`kx qoN AsmrQ ho10

iesy pRsMg ivc kRWqI bwry kRWqI ilAwaux dI prikirAw bwry vI auh bVw XQWrQk hY[ aus dw i^Awl hY ik kRWqI koeI Aijhw ‘pRym p`qr’ nhIN jo kbUqr ilAw skx[ ieh qW ivroDI jmwqW dw iek ^UM^wr ByV hY[ kRWqI qW mrnw Aqy mwrnw hY[ ieh koeI sihj krm nhIN[ pwS dw ivcwr hY ik ‘SWqI’ dI Jwk kridAW AsIN izMdgI dI qWG hI guAw bYTy hW[ ies pRsMg ivc auh SwqI dy ivroD ivc ‘Xu`D’ dw Awlm brdwr bxdw hY[ ienklwb leI lVI jwx vwlI jMg nUM auh ‘qIsrw mhW Xu`D’ kihMdw hY jo lutyry swmrwjIAW ivc nhIN sgoN mihnqkS jmwq Aqy lutyirAW ivckwr iek &Yslwkun Xu`D vjoN liVAw jwvygw[ pwS Anuswr izMdgI dI bybsI Aqy dir`drqw nUM ‘SwqI dy nW hyT pRvwn krI jwxw TIk nhIN[iesy leI Xu`D dI loV nUM pwS ieauN mihsUs krdw hY :

Xu`D swfIAW bIvIAW dy QxW AMdr

Du`D bx ky auqrygw

Xu`D bu`FI mW leI ingHw dI Aynk bxygw

Xu`D swifAW v`ifAW dIAW kbrW auqy Pul bx ky iKVygw

pwS dI kivqw suhj dy ivroD ivc jIvn,’SwqI’ dy ivroD ivc Xu`D, sQwpqI dy ivroD ivc ivdroh, prMprw dy ivroD ivc nvInqw, pwiSivkqw dy ivroD ivc mwnvqw Aqy Bwvukqw dy ivroD ivc sMvydnSIlqw TrMmy nUM Awpxy v`Kry v`Kry rMgW ivc pyS krdI hY[ isDWq Aqy Aml dI eykqw dw jo pRgtwvw pwS dI in`jI izMdgI ivc pRwpq huMdw hY-eykqw aus dI kivqw dy A`Kr A`Kr ivcoN Jlkdw hY[ pwS dI ShIdI izMdgI dIAW aunHW koJIAW pirsiQqIAW nUM bdly jwx dI iek Axbu`J ipAws dw is`tw hY[ Buq nUM sMpUrn rUp ivc nkwrn qoN ibnW,inrol Biv`K ivc klpnw dI p`Dr auqy ijaux dI QW pwS dI kivqw mnu`K nUM Awpxy Axmnu`KI vrqmwn dy rUbrU hox Aqy ies nUM bdlx dI sUJ Aqy syD pRdwn krdI hY[ swihq nUM inry suhjwqmk AwnMd jmwqI dldl ivcoN k`FidAW pwS ny kwiv-suhj nUM, kroVW lokW dI izMdgI dy du`KW nwl joVn dI iek sucyq koiSS kIqI hY[ ijhVy hmySw aus dy ipAwr, siqkwr Aqy hmdrdI dy ieko pwqr khy jw skdy hn[ auh swrw kuJ s`cI mu`cI dw cwhuMdw sI[ pwsqovskI dy ieh Sbd, swfI klm dw &rz hY ik auh suh`px, ^uSI dI Bwl, AwzwdI dw ibAwn kry, hnyHry nUM Gtwvy qy kdy nw fu`bx vwly sUrj vWg cmky[ pwS dI SwierI nUM mwnx qoN bwAd hor vI s`cy ‘qy gUVH rUp ivc m`kwr huMdy nzr AwauNdy hn[ aus dI kivqw pVHn qoN bwAd ieh Aihsws hor vI fUMGw ho jWdw hY ik auh s`cI mu`cI dw Aqy s`cI mu`cI dy lokW dw Swier sI[ aus dI ieh rIJ sI AwdmI nUM gol pYsy dI glI ‘coN vyKxw bMd kIqw jwvy-Ajy swfy swirAW leI iek svwl hY:

myry kol koeI ichrw

sMboDn nhIN

DrqI dw J`lw ieSk Swied myrw hY

qy qwhIEN jwpdY

mYN hr cIz auqoN hvw vWg srsrw ky lMG jwvWgw

myry lMG jwx qoN mgroN vI

myry i&kr dI bWh PVI r`KxI13

 

 

((pwS icMqn, fw. guriekbwl isMG iv`coN

——————————————————–

 

 

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