Poetic Development of Paash-an article by Sadhu

pwS dw kwiv s&r: iek sMKyp AiDAn

 

swDU

 

pMjwbI swihq ivc ienklwbI lihr dy Asr vjoN ivdrohI sur vwlI kivqw dI iek v`KrI lihr auBrI[ ies lihr dy moFI  kvIAW ivcoN pwS sB qoN v`D jwixAw jWdw nW hY[ aus dI pRis`DI isr& ies lihr dy kvI vjoN hI nhIN auh ipCly fyF dhwky qoN smu`cI pMjwbI  kivqw aupr vI CwieAw irhw hY[ bwvjUd ies g`l dy ik auhdI kivqw bwry  koeI bhuqy v`fy v`fy AwlockW, bu`DIjIvIAW vloN v`fy v`fy lyK nhIN ilKy gey[ sgoN SurU SurU ivc auhnUM imlI Suhrq ‘qy kuJ lokW ikMqU vI kIqw[ iek it`pxIkwr ny 1972 ivc iliKAw: “pwS nUM vDyry auCwlx vwly ausdy nwdwn dosq ho skdy hn jW Swied lukvyN vYrI”[

iehdy ivc koeI S`k nhIN ik pwS ricq kivqw ny aus dy hmi^AwlIAW nUM vI, ivroDI iDr nUM vI pRBwvq kIqw[ ies ivc vI  koeI S`k nhIN ik pwS ny Ajy kivqw rcxI sI[ auhdI kivqw dw shI mu`l AMkx vI Ajy hoxw sI[ pr auhdy hoey Acwnk kql ny qsvIr hI bdl  id`qI hY[ ies qwzy qy fwFy du`K nUM sihMidAW hoieAW pwS bwry , pwS dI kivqw bwry hr pwsy g`l ho rhI hY[ iesy g`l bwq dw ih`sw ieh lyK hY ijs ivc auhdI kivqw dy kuJ p`KW ‘qy rOSnI pwaux dI koiSS kIqI geI hY ijhnW sdkw myry i^Awl  ivc auh pMjwbI pwTkW leI iek ^ws iksm dI iK`c r`Kdw sI[

pwS nUM bhuq QoVy smyN ivc iek lMbw kwivk s&r qYA kIqw[ auhdI pihlI ikqwb loh kQw ivc ijQy mu`K qOr ‘qy bwhrmuKI kivqw hY, iq`KI isAwsI nwhrybwzI hY, Aqy kivqw ivc kuJ pyqlwpn hY auQy auhdI A^rI ikqwb swfy simAW ivc kw&I v`KrI iksm dI kivqw pyS krdI hY[ ies mgrlI ikqwb ivc auh Aws pws bwry AnykW svwl KVy krdw hY Aqy pihlW dy mukwbly kuJ h`d q`k AMqrmuKI vI hY[ pr ieh qbdIlI auhdy AMdrlI iksy Srwrq jW jIvn pRqI muFly ivcwrW ivc AweI qbdIlI nhIN[ ieh zwhrw qOr ‘qy bwhrI hwlqW dw pRqIkrm sI[

jdoN Bwrq dy dUjy ih`isAW ivc Aqy pMjwb ivc vI nkslbwVI sMGrS qyz sI Aqy aus sMGrS dw jo lok ih`sw sn auhnW nUM AwpxI ij`q dw pUrw XkIn sI[ pwS vI ausy sMMMGrS dw ih`sw sI[ auhnUM vI audoN auh Xu`g ‘vIAqnwm ‘ dw Xu`g lgdw sI[ auhdy hor swQIAW vWg auhnUM vI ieh Aws sI ik “auh ru`q Awaux vwlI hY ijhdy ivc sr&roSI dy ru`KW nUM  &u`l pYNdy hn”[

auhydI dUjI ikqwb aufdy bwzW mgr vI kw&I h`d q`k iesy sMGrS dI hI qsvIr hY[ ies ikqwb dIAW kw&I igxqI kivqwvW ijhl ivc ilKIAW hoeIAW hn[ pr ies ikqwb ivclIAW kivqwvW ivc loh kQw dIAW kivqwvW dy mukwbly kw&I itkwau hY, kw&I fUMGweI hY[ ienHW ivc pwS Awpxy Awp nUM Awpxy Awly duAwly nUM smJx dy Aml ivc r`uiJAw idKweI idMdw hY[

pwS dI qIjI pRkwSq kwiv rcnw swfy simAW ivc auhdy iek v`fw fUMGI soc vwlw kvI hox dw pRmwx hY[ iehnW kivqwvW (audwhrx vjoN, ‘qYQoN ibnW’ Aqy ‘dUiqk BwSw dy i^lw&’) ivc aus ny Bwrq dy nhIN dunIAW Br dy ieiqhws imiQhws nUM AwpxI g`l kihx leI ijs hOsly Aqy srlqw nwl vriqAw hY auh hYrwn krn vwlI g`l hY[

Awpxy ies dOr dI kivqw ivc pwS ny keI purwxy sMklpW nUM AsloN hI nvyN ArQ pRdwn kIqy[ audwhrx vjoN Swied aus dI sB qoN v`D jwxI jWdI kivqw ‘XuD qy SWqI’, ‘AsIN ijhnW ny Xu`D nhIN kIqw/qyry swaU pu`qr nhIN hW izMdgI’ sqrW nwl SurU huMdI hY Aqy kivqw dI hr sqr iehnW sMklpW nUM nvyN ArQ idMdI hY[ iesy qrHW aus ny dyS nwl iek ivAkqI dy , iek kvI dy irSqy bwry ikNMnIAW nzmW ilKIAW hn Aqy ‘dyS ipAwr’, ‘dyS BgqI’, ‘dyS sur`iKAw’ dy sMklpW nUM nvIN rOSnI ivc ivcwirAw hY[

AwpxI kivqw ivc auhny Awpxy Awly duAwly dy Awm jIvn ivcoN icMn lY ky auhnW nUM bhuq hI ^UbsUrqI nwl vriqAw Aqy nqIjy vjoN inrol pMjwbI suBwA vwlI SkqISwlI kivqw nUM jnm id`qw[ audwhrx leI ‘auhdy nW’ kivqw dyKI jw skdI hY: mYN mL mL ky qRylW kxk ipMfw kUcdI dyKI/myry q`kx ‘qy aus dy mu`K ‘qy AwauNdI sMg nUM q`ikAw hY….mYN q`ikAw hY kpwh dy &u`lW ivc tkswl FldI nUM/mYN corW vWg igtimt kridAW crHIAW nUM q`ikAw hY/mYN q`ikAw hY srHoN dy Pu`lW ‘qy iqrkwl FldI nUM[

pwS dI kivqw dw sB qoN mzbUq p`K smyN dy s`c nUM pyS krnw hY[ ijs qrHW Awpxy swihqk s&r dy SurU ivc ausny ies s`c nUM smiJAw, mihsUs kIqw Aqy pUrI eImwndwrI nwl pyS kIqw, ausy qrHW, sgoN aus qoN vI v`D iS`dq nwwl, aus ny ApxI qIsrI pusqk ivc kIqw[ ijs sMGrS, ijs isAwsI mwhOl dw auh ih`sw sI, auh siQqI qbdIl ho cu`kI sI[ hux mwhOl ivc inrwSqw sI, isAwsq ivc nWh p`KI tu`t B`j sI[ ies sB kwsy dw pwS dI soc aupr, aus dI kivqw aupr Asr pRq`K dyiKAw jw skdw hY[

ijQy loh kQw vyly auh kihMdw sI, “aus nUM kho/ieh vwrs dw Xu`g nhIN/viAqnwm dw Xu`g hY/hr KyVy ivc h`kW leI sMgrwm dw Xu`g hY”[ swfy simAW ivc auhnUM ieh Xu`g ‘Srmnwk’ hwdisAW dw Xu`g lgdw hY[ auhdIAW lweInW hn: “ieh Srmnwk hwdsw swfy hI nwl hoxw sI/ik dunIAW dy sB qoN piv`qr hr&W ny/’bx jwxw sI isMGwsx dy pOfy”[ auhnUM kuJ vI vwpr irhw nhIN sI mihsUs huMdw[ hr pwsy KVoq[ “smW hMBI hoeI jMg vWg” KV igAw mihsUs huMdw sI[ jW “Lgdw hY ieh svyr nhIN hY/mOq dI hQylI auqy AwTrI hoeI muskrwht hY/rwq dI ro ro su`jI A`K hY/sUrj vrgw kuJ ikDry nhIN hY”[ ies pusqk dIAW bhuqIAW nzmW ivc ausdy AMdr dI auh bycYnI BrI hoeI hY jo ies isAwsI KVoq smyN auh mihsUs kr irhw sI[

swfy simAW ivc ivclIAW nzmW ivc auhny AnykW svwl auTwey ijnHW dy jvwb auh FUMf irhwsI[ ijhVy Swied auhdIAW AglIAW kivqwvW ‘coN swnUM l`Bdy pr….[

ies pusqk ivclIAW kivqwvW ivc AweIAW qbdIlIAW bwry auh pUrI qrHW cyqMn jwpdw hY[ iesy ikqwb dy mu`KbMd ivc auhny iliKAw, “rwjnIqk srgrmIAW ‘coN h`Q iK`c lYx nwl kudrqI sI ik myrI kivqw ivc AMqr-mu`Kqw v`D jWdI hwl dI GVI iesdw koeI ielwj nhIN”[ Awpxy kwivk s&r dy ies pVwA dOrwn pwS swihq qy isAwsq dy irSqy bwry aucI aucI ivcwr vtWdrw krdw suxdw hY[

ies guMJjldwr irSqy bwry pwS dI soc dIAW JlkIAW auhdI kivqw ivc Awm imldIAW hn[ jy isAwsI sMGrS AwpxI pihlW vwlI iq`KI qory quirAw rihMdw qW pwS ny swihq dy nwl nwl isAwsI qOr qy vI srgrm rihxw sI[ Aqy Pyr swihq qy isAwsq dy irSqy bwry auhdy inrny Swied hux nwloN v`Kry huMdy[ dunAW dy keI fUMGI isAwsI cyqnw Aqy pRqIb`Dqw vwly kvIAW dIAW, lyKkW dIAW, ^ws kr A&rIkw Aqy lwqInI AmrIkw dy lyKkW dIAW, Awpxy kol keI imswlW hn[ lokW dI pUrqI leI sMGrS pRqI pwS dI vI iksy iksm dI fUMGI pRqIb`Dqw sI[

pr jdoN isAwsI sMGrS m`Tw pY jwvy, lihr KyrUM KyrUM ho jwvyAqy sOVI iksm dIAW isAwsI pYNqVybwzIAW c`l rhIAW hox, Pyr iek cyqMn lyKk leI Swied ieh zrUrI ho jWdw hY ik auh &Yslw kry ik auh mu`K qOr ‘qy iek isAwsI ivAkqI hY jW lyKk[ ijQoN q`k pwS dw sMbMD hY, jwpdw hY ik auhnUM ikMny hI hor lyKkW/isAwsI bMidAW nwloN ies g`l dw &Yslw krn leI bhuq QoVw smW l`gw ik auh mu`K qOr ‘qy iek lyKk hY[ auhdy Awpxy kihx muqwbk “Awpxy qoN sOVy pwrtI lyblW nUM lwhux leI auhnUM keI qrHW dIAW SrwrqW krnIAW peIAW”[ AwpxI lMbI kivqw “kwmryf nwl g`lbwq” ivc ausny ies bwry Awpxy ivcwr kw&I ivsQwr nwl pyS kIqy[ BwvyN ik auhdIAW swrIAW g`lW nwl nw vI sihmq hoeIey Pyr vI auhdI sMvwd rcwaux dI suihrdqw ‘qy koeI ikMqU nhIN kIqw jw skdw[

bwvjUd iesdy ik auh isAwsI mwhOl qoN inrwS sI, kuC nw vwprn krky byh`d bycYn sI, audws vI sI , Pyr vI ieiqhws dy AgWh vDx bwry ausdy mn ivc koeI SMky nhIN sn[ lokW dy GolW ivc qy auhnW dI ij`q ivc auhnUM pUrw XkIn sI[ auhdI kivqw ‘qIsrw mhWXu`D’ ies g`l dI ibhqrIn audwhrx hY,ijhdy ivc auh kihMdw hY: qIsrw mhWXu`D gohy nwl il`py/koiTAW dI swdgI lVU/qIsrw mhWXu`D J`gy qoN Du`p nw skx vwly/brozy dy iC`ty lVngy[

pwS nUM kimaUinstW vloN kivqw leI h`iQAwr Sbd dw nMgw ic`tw pRXog rqw nhIN sI BwauNdw[ pr iehdy bwvjUd kivqw auhdy leI koeI mn prcwvw jW mn dI BVws kFx vwlI SYA nhIN sI[ swfy simAW ivc dy mu`KbMd dy qOr ‘qy ilKI kivqw ivc auh kihMdw hY:

myry kol suhj dI aus supn sImW qoN auryH

hwlW krn nUM bhuq g`lw hn

Ajy mYN Drq ‘qy CweI

iksy sIrI dy kwly-Swh bu`lHW ijhI rwq dI hI g`l krWgw

aus ieiqhws dI

jo myry bwpU dy Du`p nwl lUsy hoey mOrW ‘qy aukirAw hY

jW AwpxI mW dy pYrIN peIAW ibAweIAW dy BUgol dI hI g`l krWgw

myry qoN Aws nw kirE ik mYN ^yqW dw pu`q ho ky

quhwfy cgLy hoey svwdw dI koeI g`l krWgw

ijnHW dy hVH ‘c ruVH jWdI hY swfy b`icAW dI qoqlI kivqw

qy swfIAW DIAW dw kMjk ijhw hwsw[

auprlI kivqw vrgIAW keI hor kivqwvW ies g`l dI gvwhI hn ik pwS dI swihq Aqy isAwsq dy irSqy bwry sUJ Awm pMjwbI lyKkW vWg gMDlI nhIN sI[ auhnUM kivqw nwl, klw nwl bhuq fUMGw lgwE sI[ ijvyN pihlW ikhw igAw hY ik kimaUinstW vloN kivqw nUM nMgw ic`tw hiQAwr kihxw auhnUM burw l`gdw sI[ auh sOVIAW isAwsI “pYNqVybwzIAW” qoN kvI nUM suqMqr dyKx dw cwhvwn sI[ ausdy ienHW ivcwrW dw ieh mqlb vI k`iFAw jw skdw hY ik auh Swied kivqw nwl hI ienklwb ilAwaux dI soc rhw sI[pr ies iksm dw ausnUM koeI BulyKw nhIN sI[ aufdy bwzW mgr ikqwb dI Aw^rI kivqw ivc auh Awpxy ipMf dy lokW nUM mu^wqb ho ky ilKdw hY:kivqw quhwfy leI/ivroDI pwrtIAW dy bYNcW vrgI hY/jo sdw A`g A`g dw Sor pwauNdy hn/Aqy A`g nwl Kyfx dI mnwhI nUM/hmySw isr JukwauNdy hn/mw& krnw myry ipMf dy Xwro/myrI kivqw quhwfy msilAW nUM h`l nhIN kr skdI[

ijs qrHW auh isAwsq dI sOVI BMn qoV qoN inrwS sI, iesy qrHW kivqw ivcly ruJwnW qoN vI auh inrwSqw zwihr krdw hY[ swfy simAW ivc dI iek kivqw ivc auh kvI qy auhdI kivqw nUM ipMf dy lokW qoN v`KrI SYA mihsUs krdw hY Aqy lokW nUM suJwA idMdw hY ik auh ies “&zUl” iksm dI gqIivDI qoN dUr hI rihx:qUM Aw^r ipMf eyN, koeI sujvwdI Swier nhIN/jo ies &zUl jhy sMsy ‘c ru`iJAw rhy/ik ^bry ikMny huMdy hn do qy do[/qYnUM qw pqw hY ik jy do qy do cwr nhIN bxdy/qW iC`l qrwS ky krny hI pYxgy/qUM sUrmgqI dI bVHky eyN myry ipMf/eyQy nw AwvIN cor ijhw bxky[

pwS ny AwpxI qIjI ikqwb qoN bwAd kw&I lMbw smW buq G`t kivqw rcI[ hux auhdIAW kuJ kivqwvW Cpx l`gIAW sn[ pr aus ny ijMnI vI kivqw ilKI auh smyN dw s`c sI[ pwS dI kivqw swfy simAW dw s`c sI[ pwS swfy simAW dw s`c sI[

smyN dy s`c nUM icqrx leI pwS ny jo ivDI ApxweI, jo nvIN sur pYdw kIqI, auh ienI FukvIN qy qwkqvr sI ik pMjwbI kivqw ivc aus sur dI iek v`KrI lihr sQpq ho geI[ myry i^Awl ivc pwS pwS hI ies krky bixAw ik hornW lokW ny vI ieh mihsUs kIqw ik ies ivDI rwhIN hI ies smyN dy roh Bry jzbwq TIk qrIky nwl pyS kIqy jw skdy sn[ AmrjIq cMdn dw ieh  kihxw iksy qrHW vI TIk nhIN ik…., “beI pwS jdoN kivqw ilKdY, auhdw iek Awpxw AMdwz hY-ijho ijhw vI hY[ auh ^ud jdoN kivqw ilKy aus AMdwz ivc cMgI l`gdI hy[ pr jdoN koeI nkl krky ilKdY qW auh cMgI nhIN l`gdI”[ jy pwS dI sur dUijAW dy vrqx ‘qy B`dI ho jWdI hY qW Pyr pwS ‘c, pwS dI nvIN sur ‘c ^ws g`l kI hoeI ? nvIN iksm dIAW kivqvW qW dunIAW ivc in`q mxW mUMhI ilK hMudIAW hn, ^ws kr ieDr p`Cm ivc[ so jy pwS ivc koeI v`fI g`l hY qw myry i^Awl ivc auh iehI hY ik auhny smyN dy s`c nUM icqrx leI iek FukvIN ivDI qy sur kwiem kIqI ijhVI dUjy lokW ny vI ApxweI ijhdy bdly ivc pwS pMjwbI kivqw dy iek dOr dw moFI bixAw[ pwS, pwS bixAw[

pMjwb dI DrqI ‘qy c`lI iek hor jnUnI pwgl hnHyrI ny pwS swQoN srIrk qOr ‘qy Koh ilAw hY[ ieh g`l inrny nwl khI jw skdI hY ik pwS dw nW pMjwbI swihq ivc ausy qrHW cmkygw ijs qrHW Bgq isMG dw nW Bwrq dI isAwsI qsvIr ivc cmkdw hY[ nw AMgryz dI PWsI Bgq isMG nUM ^qm kr skI sI qy nw jnUnI golIAW ny pwS nUM mwr skxw hY[ ieh Swied Bwrq dY ieiqhws ivc qyeI mwrc dy idn dI hoxI hY[ qyeI mwrc dw mnhUs idn A`gy qoN swfy leI hor vI mh`qvpUrx ho ky ciVHAw krygw[ swfIAW XwdW ivc Bgq isMG qy auhdy swQIAW dy nwl nwl hux pwS qy auhdy swQI vI ies idn dw ih`sw hoxgy[

AwpxI kivqw rwhIN pwS swfy leI hmySw ijauNdw rhygw[ jy ies smyN koeI A&sos hY qW ies g`l dw, ik pMjwbI swihq auhnW kivqwvW qoN vWJw rhygw jo Ajy pwS ny ilKxIAW sn[

 

pwS sUvInr, julweI 1989

ieMtrnYSnl pMjwbI iltryrI tr`st (kYnyfw)

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