Bhagat Singh and Paash

sUhy qfiraF dI joVI : sLhId Bgq isMG aqy pfsL
– amolk isMG (9417076735)

sLhId Bgq isMG aqy avqfr pfsL awj vI sfzy drimafn hn. AunHF dy bol, lhU vItvyN sMgrfm aqy swj-ilKIaF jfpdIaF ilKqF ivc awj vI gUMjdy hn. Bgq isMG aqy pfsL dy rcn-kfl ‘c BfvyN pMj-Cy dhfikaF df vkPLf hY pr sLbdF dI DVkx awj vI iekwiTaF DVkdI hY.
sqMbr 1907 aqy sqMbr 1950 ivc jnmy ieh anmol hIry 23 mfrc nUM sLhId hoey. sLhId Bgq isMG aqy Aus dy sfQI rfjgurU aqy suKdyv nUM 23 mfrc 1931 nUM lfhOr kyNdrI jylH ‘c PFsI dyx AuprMq tukVy-tukVy krky, awD-jilaF nUM husYnIvflf ivKy sqluj kMZy roVH idwqf. cotI dy kvI avqfr pfsL nUM 23 mfrc 1988 nUM Aus dy ijgrI dosq hMs rfj dy nfl qlvMzI slym dy KyqF ‘c sLhId kr idwqf. awj vI jgdy, jfgdy aqy ijAuNdy ienHF sMgrfmIeyN klfkfrF dy sLbdF dI zfr aMbr AuzfrI BrdI hY. AunHF dy bolF aqy afdrsLF dI hwiqaf nhIN kIqI jf skdI. smyN dI qor qoN qyjLI nfl pulFGf Brdy AunHF dI klm jfey bol, chuM kUtF ivc PYl gey hn. Auh, hnyry dUr krn leI rOsLnI vMzdy rihxgy.
dovF sMgrfmIaF dIaF rcnfvF dI mflf dy moqIaF ‘c ikhVf iksny GiVaf ies dI ieiqhfs qF gvfhI Brdf hI rhygf pr sLbdF dI rUh ‘c smfnqf df rMg, aMbr peI sqrMgI pING vrgf hY. kuJ ilKqF df aiDaYn kridaF ieAuN jfpdf hY ijvyN dovyN ieko skUly, ieko jmfq ‘c pVHidaF sFJI isrjxf krdy rhy hox.
sLhId Bgq isMG dI krm-BUmI BfvyN muwK qOr ‘qy rfjnIqk aqy pfsL kfiv Kyqr nUM smripq sI. dovF dIaF rcnfvF ‘c smoey afdrsLF, supinaF aqy AudysLF aMdr ieko idl DVkdf hY. dovF dy lyKF, kivqfvF, icwTIaF, mnorQ pwqrF aqy hor rfjnIqk sfihqk ivDfvF aMdr kyNdrI qMd sFJI hY. ijsdf AudysL, ienklfbI smfijk qbdIlI Bfv kRFqI hY. luwt, dfby, ainaF, ivqkry, iPrkfpRsqI, jfq-pfq aqy jbr isqm ‘qy itky pRbMD nUM mUloN bdl ky, lokF dI puwgq vfly nvyN-nroey KusLhfl smfj dI isrjxf krnf hY. ijQy musLwkq krn vfly, jLmInF, msLInF aqy hor pYdfvfrI sfDnF dy mflk hox. vwK-vwK ivisLaF ‘qy ilKdIaF dovyN klmF, mrjL dI jVH vI ieko itwkdIaF hn aqy ies df mUloN ielfj vI ieko pysL krdIaF hn.
ihMdusqfn sosLilst rIpblIkn aYsosIeysLn dy mYnIPYsto ‘c sLhId Bgq isMG ilKdy hn ik :
‘‘ienklfb iek aijhf ikRsLmf hY ijs nUM kudrq vI ipafr krdI hY aqy ijs dy bgYr koeI AuWnqI nhIN ho skdI, nf kudrq ivc qy nf hI iensfnI kfrobfr ivc. ienklfb XkInI hI ax socI smJI kqlF aqy sfV PUk dI dirMdf muihMm nhIN qy nf hI cMd bMb ieQy-AuQy suwtxf aqy golIaF clfAuxf hY.[[[ ienklfb iek inXm hY. ienklfb iek AudysL hY aqy ienklfb swc hY.[[[[[ ienklfb qoN sfzf Bfv, nMgy ainaF ‘qy itikaf mOjUdf ZFcf jLrUr bdlxf cfhIdf hY[[[[‘‘.
‘XuwD aqy sLFqI’ kivqf ivc pfsL ny iliKaf hY:-
XuwD sfzy bwicaF leI
ipVIaF vflI iKwdo bx ky afeygf
XuwD sfzIaF BYxF leI
kZfeI dy suMdr nmUny ilafeygf
[[[[[ XuwD buwZI mF leI ingHf dI aYnk bxygf
XuwD sfzy vwizaF dIaF kbrF AuWqy
Puwl bx ky iKVygf
sLhId Bgq isMG dI dUr-idRsLtI aqy spwsLt isafsI ivsLlysLx Aus dI ilKq ‘c zuwlH-zuwlH pYNdy hn:—
‘kOm, kFgrs dy lfAUz spIkr nhIN. Auh mjLdUr iksfn hn ijhVy Bfrq dI 95 PLIsdI vsoN hn. [[[ sfnUM Xfd rwKxf cfhIdf hY ik ikrqI ienklfb dy svfey nf iksy hor ienklfb dI iewCf krnI cfhIdI hY aqy nf hI kfmXfb ho skdf hY.’’
ijvyN ienHF bolF ‘c mjLdUrF iksfnF dI ieiqhfsk BUimkf bfry sLhId Bgq isMG jfgrUk hY. ijvyN ikrqI ienklfb dI Auh insLfndyhI kridaF mfx nfl kihMdf ik ieh jmfq Blf pUMjIpqIaF dI pRqIinD pfrtI dI ipClwg ikAuN bxy ? aijhI sYnq hI pfsL dI njLm krdI hY ik :—
myry qoN afs nf kirE ik
mYN KyqF df puwq ho ky
quhfzy cglLy svfdF dI gwl krFgf.
20 mfrc 1931 nUM gvrnr pMjfb nUM ilKy KLq ‘c Bgq isMG ny iliKaf sI ik :
‘‘iek XuwD cwl irhf hY aqy ieh qd qwk cwldf rhygf jd qk kuJ qfkqvr lok BfrqI jnqf aqy imhnqksL lokF nUM qy AunHF dy afmdn dy vsIilaF nUM luwtdy rihxgy. ieh lutyry BfvyN inrol aMgryjL srmfeydfr hox jF inrol BfrqI srmfeydfr BfvyN donoN rlvyN[[[ ies sB kuJ nfl koeI Prk nhIN pYNdf.
‘asIN lVFgy sfQI ‘ ‘c pfsL ilKdf hY ik :
‘‘asIN lVFgy
ik lVn bfJoN kuJ vI nhIN imldf
asIN lVFgy
ik hfly qwk lVy ikAuN nhIN
asIN lVFgy
afpxI sjLf kbUlx leI
lV ky mr cuwikaF dI Xfd ijLMdf rwKx leI
asIN lVFgy sfQI.
Bgq isMG pMjfb dI juafnI nUM kwcy ZfiraF grIbF dIaF kuwlIaF ‘c jf ky AunHF nUM ienklfb leI jgfAux vfsqy afpxIaF srU vrgIaF jvfnIaF smrpq krn leI awgy afAux df swdf idMdf hY. Auh kFgrs dI rmjL buwJdf hY ik ieh ikrqIaF nUM ies krky siqafgRih ‘c sLfiml krn dI loV nhIN smJdI ikAuNik iehnUM BlI BFq pqf hY ik ieh mukMml afjLfdI aqy smfjk brfbrI qoN ibnF rukx vfly nhIN. ies krky ienHF nUM rfjnIqk jfg nf lwgy qF hI Blf hY pr Bgq isMG ienHF nUM afpxI ieiqhfsk BUimkf adf krn leI mohrI BUimkf inBfAux leI pRyridaF PFsI dy qKLqy ‘qy cVHn mOky vI pRolyqfrI-ijLMdfbfd! ‘sfmrfjvfd-murdfbfd’ aqy ‘ienklfb-ijLMdfbfd’ iqMn nfary guMjfAuNdf irhf hY.
pfsL vI afpxy gIq ‘c ies vrg dI ieiqhfsk BUimkf pihcfxdf hoieaf aijhf hI hokf idMdf hY:-
kwKF dIey kuwlIey imnfr bx jfeIN
pYrF dIey imwtIey phfV bx jfeIN
nI qUM afpxI kmfeI sFB rwK nI
ikrqI dIey kuwlIey
lwK lwK df ey qyrf kwK nI
ikrqI dIey kuwlIey.
nOjvfn Bfrq sBf dy mYnIPYsto aqy nOjvfn isafsI kfrkuMnF nUM 2 PrvrI 1931 nUM KLq ilKidaF Bgq isMG df sunyhf sfzy leI awj vI gOr iPkr df ivsLf hY. Ausny iliKaf sI ik :-
‘‘afjLfdI dI jMg ivc inqrn vfly ikafPy nhIN lfAuNdy ik ikMnI kurbfnI nfl ikMnI kfmXfbI hovygI aqy ies ivcoN sfzy ihwsy kI afvygf. [[[[[[‘‘ienklfb bfry jvfnI vyly dy supny ik ieh dsF sflF ‘c pRfpq ho jfvygf, lFBy rwK idE.’’
aijhy ivcfrF nUM amlI jfmf pihnfAux aqy mihjL mihPLlF, nqIjf-rihq ivcfrF aqy idmfgI ksrq leI bihsF dy siBafcfr qoN bfhr af ky isDFq aqy aml dI juglbMdI bfry jLor idMidaF pfsL vI kuJ aijhf hI kihMdf hY :-
‘‘vkq af igaf hY ivcfrF dI lVfeI
mwCrdfnI ivcoN bfhr ho ky lVIey’’
pfsL jLrf pMcm sur ‘c ieAuN vI kihMdf hY ik[[[
kRFqI jdoN afeI
quhfnUM vI idny qfry idKf dyvygI.’’
pfsL dI kfiv rcnf ‘c suhfgI vwqr BoieM, drIaF, nrmy-kpfhF, kxk dy vwZ ‘c ikry CoilaF, Audfs bfjLry, srHoN dy PuwlF, gMinaF aqy ipwpl afid df ijLkr hY. Auh afpxI klm DrqI ‘c zUMGI gwzdf hY. Aus mUMhoN Aukry sLbdF nUM aMbr AuzfrI BrfAuNdf hY.Auh kmfl df sLbd sfjL aqy kfiv-isrjk hY. Auh lok-doKI sQfpqI nUM iswDy mwQy twkrdf hY. Auh afpxy pfTk-pirvfr dI vI sucyq cox krdf hY ijvyN kRFqI dy lfiVaF aqy brfqIaF dI Bgq isMG krdf hY. pfsL ilKdf hY :
‘‘ieh gIq mYN AunHF gUMigaF nUM dyxf hY,
ijnHF nUM gIqF dI kdr hY.’’
jy Bgq isMG ieh kihMdf hY ik:
‘‘ijLMdgI asUlF qoN ipafrI nhIN huMdI’’[[[ qusIN iksy ivakqI nUM qF kql kr skdy ho pr Aus dy ivcfrF nUM nhIN.’’
pfsL afpxy kfivk aMdfjL ‘c aijhy hI idRV ivsLvfs nUM ieAuN pRgtfAuNdf hY :-
‘‘mYN Gfh hF
mYN quhfzy hr kIqy krfey ‘qy AuWg afvFgf.
ipafr/muhwbq vrgy aiq sUKm ivisLaF nfl vI ieh dovyN ijs sMvydnsLIlqf nfl inBf krdy hn ieh afpxy afp ‘c hI KUbsUrq nmUnf hY. Bgq isMG ipafr bfry ilKdy hn ik :
‘‘ipafr, sdf mnuwK dy ikrdfr nUM bulMd krdf hY. ieh kdy vI Aus nUM hIxf nhIN krdf bsLrqy ik ipafr, ipafr hI hovy.’’ [[[ mnuwK kol muhwbq df jLordfr jjLbf hoxf cfhIdf hY ijhVf iek jxy qwk sImq nhIN krnf cfhIdf sgoN srb-sFJf bxf dyxf cfhIdf hY.’’
pfsL ilKdf hY ik :
‘‘ipafr kivqf, kdy vI kfqlF dy hwk ‘c nhIN BugqdI’’ pfsL qF pfblo nrUlf dy hvfly nfl afpxI gwl qy hI jLor idMdf hY:
‘‘isafsI kivqf df rfh, ipafr kivqf dy rfh ivcoN inkldf hY.’’
ienklfbI smfjk qbdIlI leI inrMqr lok sMgrfm dy isDFq AuWpr jLor idMidaF bfbrsLfhI aqy aMgryjLsLfhI iKlfP hvf ‘c ilKy smyN smyN dy hrPLF nUM sfzy simaF ‘c afpxy hI aMdfjL ivc pfsL ieAuN pysL krdf hY :
‘‘ies vfr pfp dI jMJ bVI dUroN afeI hY
pr asF byrMg moV dyxI hY
mfsko jF visMgtn dI mohr vI nhIN qwkxI
jorI df dfn qF kI
asF awzIaF hoeIaF qlIaF ‘qy vI Quwk dyxf hY.
sLhId Bgq isMG 20 mfrc, 1931 nUM gvrnr pMjfb nUM ilKy Kq ‘c afpxy lksL dI pUrqI bfry idRV ivsLvfs hox df pRmfx idMdy hn :
‘‘jdoN qwk smfjvfdI lok rfj sQfpq nhIN ho jFdf qy smfj df vrqmfn ZFcf Kqm krky Aus dy QF smfjk KusLhflI ‘qy aDfrq nvF smfijk ZFcf Ausr nhIN jFdf, jd qwk hr iksm dI luwt-Ksuwt asMBv bxf ky mnuwKqf ‘qy asl aqy sQfeI amn dI CF nhIN huMdI, qd qwk ieh jMg hor nvyN josL, hor vDyry inzrqf, bhfdrI qy atwl ierfdy nfl lVI jFdI rhygI.’’
pfsL vI lokF dI ijwq Bry BivwK df icwqrx ieAuN krdf hY :
‘‘sony dI svyr jdoN afAU hfxIaF
nwcygf aMbr BUmI gfAU hfxIaF’’
23 mfrc dy ieh sLhId, isrP vrHy ipwCoN kYlMzr qy afAuNdy ies idn qy hI rsmI Xfd krn leI nhIN sgoN hr pl sfzy aMg sMg hn. Auh sfQoN kuJ afs krdy hn ik sfzy qur jfx qoN bfad vI sfzy iPkr dI bFh PVI rwKxf. Auh ivsLfl kmfAU lokfeI dy husIn supinaF, ikrq, hfisaF aqy rOsLnIaF gwl ik sB kuJ AuDfl ky iljfx vfilaF df ipwCf krn df hokf ajyhy svY-ivsLvfs nfl ieAuN idMdy hn:-
myrI hvf myN rhygI, iKafl kI ibjlI
Xh musLqy-ey-Kfk hY PfnI, rhy nf rhy.

‘‘Auz gey hn bfjL cuMJf ‘c lY ky
sfzI cYn df iek pl
ibqf skx dI KfihsL
dosqo hux cwilaf jfvy
AuzidaF bfjF mgr’’
iehnF Auzdy bfjLF mgr sMgrfm jfrI hY. ienHF sUrjF ‘qy Quwkx df Xqn krn vfilaF nUM ieiqhfs awgy juafbdyh hoxf pvygf. ies Gol ‘c pfsL df pirvfr vzyrf hY jo sMGrsLsLIl hY. Aus ivc sLfml jUJdIaF klmF aqy qxy hoey muwky sLfml hn. pfsL dI kivqf aqy sLhId Bgq isMG dy ‘cwl rhy XuwD’ df sPLr jfrI hY. ‘sIrq’ ZukvyN simaF qy pfsL dI jIvx sfQx aqy bytI dy jjLbfq vI afpxy pfTkF nfl sFJy krygf.

paashmango-tree-witness-to-paashs-murderpaashrajwinder-winkle-and-amolak-at-the-tubewell-where-paash-was-killedpaashs-sisters-rajwinder-and-parminder

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