Archive for the Paash-Poetry Category
WHY SHOULD WE READ POETRY ?
आज मै यह बताना चाहता हूँ की कविता की समझ किस तरह हमारे जीवन की दिशा बदल सकती है .उन दिनों जब मेरी बेटी कोंपल समय से पूर्व जन्म ले लेने के कारण और कमजोरी की वज़ह से जीवन के लिए संघर्ष कर रही थी, निराशा हम पति पत्नी को बार बार घेर लेती थी. ऐसे समय कवि पाश की पंक्तियाँ “हम लडेंगे साथी उदास मौसम के खिलाफ/ हम लडेंगे साथी गुलाम इच्छाओं के खिलाफ/ हम लडेंगे कि अभी तक लड़े क्यों नही/हम लडेंगे की अभी लड़ने की ज़रूरत बाकी है …”मैंने बड़े बड़े अक्षरों में कागज़ पर लिखकर दीवार पर लगा दी ..दुख से मेरी यह लडाई थी और मै वह जंग जीत गया.मुझे याद है एक परिचित जो उन दिनों जीवन से इतने निराश थे की आत्महत्या करना चाहते थे ,इन पंक्तियों को पढ़कर उत्साह से भर उठे थे . आज वे एक सफल व्यक्ति है।ज़िन्दगी में ऐसे कई वाकये हो सकते है ..राष्ट्र भक्ति के गीत सुनकर हमारा सीना क्यों फूल जाता है ?हमने कभी सोचा है ॥ यह कविता की ताकत ही है जो हमारे भीतर न केवल उत्साह का संचार करती है बल्कि जीवन के मूल राग प्रेम,वात्सल्य,सौहार्द्र ,भाईचारे और अपनत्व की भावना को जन्म देती है।
प्रसिद्ध कवि लीलाधर मन्डलोई कवि नवीन सागर के लिये लिखी अपनी कविता मे यही कहते हैं — “जाने कितनों ने तुम्हारी कविता के रास्ते /सोचा होगा मृत्यु से लडने का तुम्हारी खातिर/लेकिन अशक्त थे कि हुए परास्त कहना मुश्किल/कमज़र्फ तो इतना मैं भी पढता रहा/कविता मेंबार बार एक ही पद/अत्र कुशलम तत्रास्तु और सुना एक दिन/बहुत देर बाद दिल्ली में मंगलेश डबराल से कि /गनेसी मर गया/किसी एजेंसी से नही आई यह खबर /न किसी रेडिओ या कि टीवी.चैनल से/और भोपाल से तो कतई नहीं/भला हो चन्द्रकांत देवताले का कि/रात को जगा के नीन्द से दी उन्होनें यह खबर विष्णु खरे को/विष्णु खरे ने उतनी ही रात गए मंगलेश को /मंगलेश ने जनसत्ता को कि गनेशी मर गया/मरने का दुख पहले ही मना चुके थे बहुत से लोग /और तुम्हारा गनेसी पढ नही पाया/तुम्हारी ही पंक्ति कि जीवन बचे रहने की कला है ” (‘काल बाँका तिरछा’ से साभार)
कविता यह काम कैसे करती इस पर बात अगली बार….
आपका॥ शरद कोकास
This website has been visited more than 100,000 times in the last two years.
Thanks to all those who contributed to collect and compile everything written by Paash and about Paash.
Translating Pash has been a very hard yet rewarding experience.It took me about three years. I had to overcome a few hurdles. The main hurdle was my inability to read the Gurmukhi script.I had learnt the script during my school days but I had lost contact with it later because I have spent most of my life outside Punjab, mainly in Delhi and in teaching and writing in English. I had to learn to re-read the Gurmukhi script. Before translating Pash I had translated another Punjabi poet, Late Dr Puran Singh, into English. I published his collection of 34 poems (Rattan di Rut) along with my translations into English (A Season of Nights) in 2006. This helped not only in improving my reading skills in Gurmukhi but also becoming familiar with the Punjabi poetic tradtion and literary history. I began working on translating Pash in 2007. I first read Hindi and English translations Of Pash’s poetry and then read him in original.Pash’s language also posed many problems but since I’m myself a Doabia they were not unsurmountable.I was born in Nakodar (my nanke) and my first 6 years of schooling took place in Nakodar, Hoshiarpur and my native village Patara in Jullandhar district. Friends and relatives also helped where the dictionaries failed. I read in original his contempraries, particularly Lal Sing Dil and Sant Ram Udasi. I also read about Pash, much of the avaiable literary criticism on Pash and Naxalite poetry in original Punjabi apart from the materials available in Hindi and English, in books and on the Internet.I also read Pash’s diaries and letters in original as well as in translation. All this was not enough to understand Pash. So I read about the Naxalite movement in general and particulary in Punjab, about the Sikh history and traditions, the Gadar Movement and Bhagat Singh to have a better understanding of the poet. Many friends in Delhi and Chandigarh also helped to unravel some difficult areas.My own training in English literature and knowledge of the European and Latin American literature and a modest understanding of Marx and Marxism were also useful. The next problem, after I had obtained a reasonable understanding of the poet, was to translate him into English, a language that is culturally so alien to Punjabi and specially the kind of language Pash used. Pash’s language is almost totally colloquial and he does not hesitate to use slang and seems to be consciously avoiding the literary embellishments of the Punjabi literary tradition. To achieve a semblance of an acceptable translation I had to stretch my own resources of both the languages as well as desperately forage through dictionaries in both the languages.Although Pash is often complex and meditative, since he is a revolutionary poet he speaks directly and, except in some of his songs, his language is very close to prose, and rhythm in his poetry is spontaneous;it is the rhythm of the spoken word uttered by a revolutionary in all its rhetorical shades. It is the tone and natural rhythm that are more important in Pash than any artificially imposed rhythm and metre. It has been easier to capture the tone of his poetry and often his rhythm. The cultural nuances and many other things have been lost. I have tried to use the shortest and the simplest word or phrase or collocation, and avoided heavily literary or ponderous expressions. So my translations are more prosaic than poetic. It is for the readers to judge how well or badly they come off. One big, may be very crucial in some ways, deficiency in my translations has been that I did all my work outside Pujnab without visiting Pash’s village or Punjab or talking to many people who had known him personally. How far this has affected my translations and understanding of Pash as a person can be judged by the readers alone.
English translation by T C Ghai of Paash poetry
The book is published by Pash Memorial International Trust. Prof. T.C. Ghai (Born 1937) retired from one of the Colleges of Delhi University in 2002. He has published two short novels and a Hindi translation of his short stories, Adamboo, originally written in English. He has translated a Punjabi poet, late Dr. Puran Singh Kanwar’s collection of poems, Rattan Di Rut (1984), into Hindi in 2000 and English in 2006.
More details will be available soon.